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37 terms

Poetry Terms

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speaker
the narrator of a poem
line
a group of words on one line of a poem
stanza
a group of lines arranged together; a poem's "paragraph"
couplet
a two line stanza often found in sonnets
rhythm
the beat of a poem; includes most commonly iambic, anapestic, dactylic and trochaic
meter
the length of a line of poetry; created by the rhythm
Free Verse Poetry
poetry with no specific rhythm or rhyme patterns
end rhyme
a word at the end of one line rhymes with a word at the end of another line
slant rhyme
a rhyme made by how a word is spoken versus what it looks like written
rhyme scheme
a pattern of rhyme; this pattern is shown with letters
onomatopoeia
words that imitate the sound they name
alliteration
consonant sounds repeated at the beginnings of words
consonance
a type of alliteration in which the repeated consonant sounds are anywhere in the words
assonance
a type of alliteration in which repeated vowel sounds are in a line or lines of poetry
refrain
a sound, word, phrase or line repeated regularly in a poem
simile
a comparison of two things using like, as, than, or resembles
metaphor
a direct comparison of two unlike things
hyperbole
exageration often used for emphasis
personification
an object, something natural, or an animal is given life-like qualities
symbolism
a person, place, thing, or event that has meaning in itself also represents something else
allusion
a reference in a literary work to something famous
imagery
language that appeals to the senses
lyric poem
a short poem in first person point of view that expresses an emotion, idea, or describes a scene
ballad
a song or songlike poem that rhymes
Shakespearean Sonnet
a fourteen line poem with a specific rhyme scheme
narrative poem
a poem that tells a story
concrete poem
a poem in which the words are arranged to create a picture that relates to the content of the poem
epic poem
a lengthy narrative poem, ordinarily concerning a serious subject containing details of heroic deeds and events significant to a culture or nation
blank verse
poetry with no rhyme scheme, but with a specific meter and rhythm
quatrain
a stanza of four lines; usually with alternating rhyme schemes
ode
A type of lyrical verse praising or glorifying an event or individual, describing nature intellectually as well as emotionally
cinquain poem
a short, usually unrhymed poem consisting of twenty-two syllables distributed as 2, 4, 6, 8, 2, in five lines
diamante poem
a seven-line poem that is in the shape of a diamond
haiku
a Japanese form of poetry, consisting of three unrhymed lines of five, seven, and five syllables. Usually about nature; written in present tense
epitaph
a brief poem inscribed on a tombstone praising a deceased person, usually with rhyming lines.
acrostic poem
first letter of each line, read down, spells the subject of the poem, free verse, usually does not rhyme
shape/concrete poem
the poem takes on the shape of its subject