Chapter 11: The Family
Terms in this set (36)
the process by which children acquire the beliefs, values, and behaviors considered desirable or appropriate by their culture or subculture.
two or more persons, related by birth, marriage, adoption, or choice, who have emotional ties and responsibilities to each other.
family social system
the complex network of relationships, interactions, and patterns of influence that characterize a family with three or more members.
traditional nuclear family
a family unit consisting of a wife/mother, a husband/father, and their dependent child(ren).
instances in which any pair of family members affects and is affected by each other's behavior.
indirect, or third party, effect
instances in which the relationship between two individuals in a family is modified by the behavior or attitudes of a third family member.
circumstance in which parents mutually support each other function as a cooperative parenting team.
a group of blood relatives from more than one nuclear family (for example, grandparents, aunts, uncles, nieces, and nephews) who live together, forming a household.
a family system consisting of one parent (either the mother or the father) and the parent's dependent child(ren).
blended (or reconstituted) families
new families resulting from cohabitation or remarriage that include a parent, one or more children, and step-relations.
a dimension of parenting that describes the amount of responsiveness and affection that a parent displays toward a child.
a dimension of parenting that describes how restrictive and demanding parents are.
a restrictive pattern of parenting in which adults set many rules for their children, expect strict obedience, and rely on power rather than reason to elicit compliance.
flexible, democratic style of parenting in which warm, accepting parents provide guidance and control while allowing the child some say in deciding how best to meet challenges and obligations.
a pattern of parenting in which otherwise accepting adults make few demands of their children and rarely attempt to control their behavior.
a pattern of parenting that is both aloof (or even hostile) and overpermissive, almost as if parents neither cared about their children nor about what they may become.
parental attempts to foster individuality and self-determination by encouraging children to express their viewpoints, participate in family decisions that affect them, and to have some say in how they will comply with parental demands and directives.
attempts to regulate a child's or an adolescent's conduct through firm discipline and monitoring of his or her conduct.
attempts to regulate a child's or an adolescent's conduct by such psychological tactics as withholding affection and/or inducing shame or guilt.
parent effects model
model of family influence in which parents (particularly mothers) are believed to influence their children rather than vice versa.
child effects model
model of family in which children are believed to influence their parents rather than vice versa.
model of family influence in which parent and child are believed to influence each other reciprocally.
family distress model
Conger's model of how economic distress affects family dynamics and developmental outcomes.
anxiety or uneasiness that new residents may feel upon attempting to assimilate a new culture and its traditions.
a mixture of authoritative and authoritarian parenting styles that is associated with favorable outcomes in African-American families.
the capacity to make decisions independently, to serve as one's own source of emotional strength, and to otherwise manage one's life tasks without depending on others for assistance; an important developmental task of adolescence.
promotion of volitional functioning (PVF)
method of autonomy support in which parents guide adolescents' decision making by suggesting alternatives, tying them to adolescents' values and goals, and permitting them to resolve issues for themselves.
the spirit of competition, jealousy, and resentment that may arise between two or more siblings.
process by which a fertile woman conceives with the aid of sperm from an unknown donor.
complex stepparent home
family consisting of two married (or cohabiting) adults, each of whom has at least one biological child living at home.
tendency of parents in complex stepparent homes to favor and be more involved with their biological children than with their stepchildren.
simple stepparent home
family consisting of a parent, his or her biological children, and a stepparent.
self-care (or latchkey) children
children who care for themselves after school or in the evenings while their parents are working.
term used to describe any extreme maltreatment of children, involving physical battering; sexual molestations; psychological insults such as persistent ridicule, rejection, and terrorization; and physical or emotional neglect.
a residential area in which the incidence of child abuse id much higher than in other neighborhoods with the same demographic characteristics.
posttraumatic stress disorder
a psychological syndrome involving flashbacks to traumatizing events, nightmares, and feelings of anxiety and helplessness in the face of threats; common among soldiers in combat and sexually abused children.