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Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
Ch. 4 Key Concepts: - Organic Chemistry is the study of carbon compounds. - Carbon atoms can form diverse molecules by bonding to four other atoms. - A small number of chemical groups are key to the functioning of biological molecules.
Terms in this set (8)
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
An energy containing compound made of nitrogen component adenine, 5-carbon sugar called ribose, and three phosphate group.
Carbon atom to which four different atoms or groups are attached.
One of two compounds that are mirror images of eachother.
A specific configuration of atoms commonly attached to the carbon skeletons of organic molecules and usually involved in chemical reactions.
One of several isomers that have the same molecular formula and covalent arrangement but differ in the spatial arrangements of their atoms owing to the inflexibility of double bonds.
Organic molecules consisting of only carbon and hydrogen.
One of several organic compounds with the same molecular formula but different structures and therefore different properties. The three types are structural , geometric and enantiomers.
One of several compounds that have the same molecular formula but differ in the covalent arrangements of their atoms.
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