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Sociology: Deviance and Crime
Terms in this set (27)
is a behavior that violates social norms
a mark of social disgrace that sets the deviant apart from the rest of society
Functionalist Perspective = Strain Theory
Views deviance as the natural outgrowth of the values, norms and structure of society (caused by a strain of goals and means
People who fall due to incompatible strains (goals)
Conflict Perspective = Comp and Inequality
... theorists believe that competition and social inequality lead to deviance (upper class having power over lower class)
Both sides commit deviant acts
Interactionist Perspective = Control Theory
Explains deviance as a natural occurrence.
Focuses on why people conform instead of the causes of deviance
Cultural Transmission Theory
Explains deviant behavior as a learned behavior through interactions an individual has with others
interactive process through which individuals learn basic skills, values, beliefs and behavior patterns of society
focuses on how individuals come to be identified as deviant
do not consider themselves deviant nor does society but they commit deviant acts
Individual is labeled as deviant and accepts it to be true
EX: Joker from the Dark Knight or Whitey Bulger
Any act that is labeled such by those in authority, Prohibited by law,
Punished by government.
Serious crime, one year-life in prison
"minor" crime, less than 1 year
Deviance VS Crime
Deviance is a behavior that violates norms and crime is a deviance act serious enough to warrant the gov.
Purposely causes serious bodily injury.
Crime Against Prop.
Stealing, burglary, motor vehicle theft, arson
Business supply legal goods, services for profit, drug traf
Only causing harm to the person committing the crime EX: Heroin addicted
White-Collar Crime (WC)
People of high social status in course of their professional lives
EX: Fraud, tax, trading
Uniform Crime Report: published by FBI, reports index crimes
4 Main Components of Justice System
4. Juvenile Courts
power to decide who is arrested
Legal negotiation of pleading guilty to a lesser charge in order to receive a lighter sentence.
repeated criminal behavior
People being labeled as deviant, in public
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