increases the rate of a chemical reaction without becoming part of the product
provides a standard of comparison for test results
biological catalyst; protein in nature
substance on which a catalyst works
end product of proteins
end product of carbohydrates
end product of fats
fatty acids and glycerol (monoglycerides)
used to test for protein hydrolysis, which was indicated by a yellow color
used to test for presence of starch, which was indicated by a blue-black color
Lugol's iodone (IKI)
used to test for the presence of fatty acids, which was evidenced by a color change from blue to pink
used to test for the presence of reducing sugars (maltose, sucrose, glucose) as indicated by a blue to green or orange color change
what produces secretin
target organs and effects of secretin
stimulates pancreas to release bicarbonate-rich fluid; stimulates the liver to secrete bile
what produces gastrin
target organs and effects of gastrin
acts on stomach glands to increase their secretory activity (particularly of HCl)
what produces cholecystokinin
target organs and effects of cholecystokinin
stimulates the release of enzymes from the pancreas, causes gallbladder contraction and inhibits gastric secretion
mechanism for monosaccharide absorption? where does it absorb to?
mostly active transport; blood
mechanism for fatty acid and glycerol absorption? where does it absorb to?
diffusion; mostly lymph, some blood
mechanism for absorption of amino acids? where does it absorb to?
active transport; blood
mechanism of water absorption? where does it absorb to?
osmosis (diffusion); blood
mechanism of Na+, Cl-, Ca2+ absorption? where do they absorb to?
Na+, Ca2+ active transport, Cl-diffusion; blood
organ producing salivary amylase?
site of action for salivary amylase?
substrate of salivary amylase?
optimal pH for salivary amylase?
6.7 - 7.0
organ producing trypsin?
site of action for trypsin?
substrate of trypsin?
optical pH for trypsin?
organ producing lipase (pancreatic)
site of action for pancreatic lipase
substrate for pancreatic lipase
optimal pH for pancreatic lipase?
7.4 - 8.0
Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.
We can’t access your microphone!
Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again
Reload the page to try again!
Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom
Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom
It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.
Your microphone is muted
For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.