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A metal, umbrella shaped filter is inserted into the ______ to prevent emboli from entering the pulmonary system.
Inferior vena cava
______ is the removal of a fatty fibrotic plaque that develops in the intima layer of the arteries.
_______ us the insertion of an arterial catheter or stent into an artery to establish patency and normal blood flow.,
The injection of contrast media into a selected artery and its branches to determine the exact location of strictures, occlusion, or malformation is called ______.
What anatomical structures make up the peripheral vascular system?
Arteries, veins, and capillary networks
The _____ syringe would be appropriate for testing a Fogarty-type embolectomy catheter with a balloon volume of 1 mL or less.
In situ saphenous vein bypass is a surgical alternative to using a ______ to bypass a diseased femoral artery.
All blood vessels have three layers: the tunica ______, or outside layer; the middle, or tunica media; and the inner, or tunica intima.
The elastic nature of the arteries allows them to ___ during systole and ____ during diastole to maintain vascular pressure.
Femorofemoral bypass is performed to bypass unilateral atherosclerotic disease in the _____ artery.
Abdominal aortic aneurysm is a condition in which a section of the abdominal aorta becomes ______.
thin and bulges
The greater saphenous vein is surgically removed to provide an autograft for ______.
Peripheral or coronary artery bypass
Following a carotid endarterectomy, once the arteriotomy is closed, the clamps are taken off the internal, external, and _____ carotid arteries, in that order.
A blood clot, air, or organic material that is free flowing in the vascular system is known as ________.
Pulse volume recording (arterial plethysmography) requires ______ blood pressure cuffs readings.
Thoracic outlet syndrome is a rare condition in which the subclavian vessels and the brachial plexus are compressed at the ______.
Apex of the thorax
A thymectomy is commonly performed for malignant tumors and occasionally ________.
The reason an inhaled foreign material is more likely to enter the right lung is because the right bronchus is _____ than the left.
An arterial blood gasses test assesses the arterial blood for ____.
Oxygen and carbon dioxide levels as well as pH
When performing a thoracotomy, the edges of the wound are covered with laparotomy sponges to protect the wound edges from ______.
_______ is the increased rate of respiration that prevents elimination of carbon dioxide.
The procedure that removes an entire lung to debulk (reduce the size of) a malignant tumor is called a ______.
An obstruction in the pulmonary vascular system that may result in ischemia to that portion of the lung is called _______.
Flexible bronchoscopy is performed to examine the lower respiratory tract and to obtain biopsy specimens.
The arterial blood gasses (ABG's) test assesses arterial blood for oxygen and carbon dioxide levels as well as pH (acid based balance).
The lung is divided into anatomical regions. The right lung has ____ lobes and the left lung has ____ lobes.
A pneumothorax is air in the chest cavity that prevents the lungs from expanding and may _______.
displace the mediastinal structures
During a double lung transplant, the surgeon may use a bilateral, sequential technique. This technique will ______.
Avoid the need for cardiopulmonary bypass
When the diaphragm ______, the potential space between the two peural membranes is decreased and air is pulled into airways and lungs.
Single lung transplantation is increasingly used as a way to _____.
maximize the allocation of donor lung organs
during a pulmonary function test, the total volume of air is exhaled after maximum inspiration. This is called ______
Thoracic outlet syndrome is a rare condition in which the subclavian vessels and the brachial plexus are compressed at the apex of the thorax.
The pleural space normally maintains a positive pressure in relation to atmospheric air and the alveoli.
The ______, nerves are carefully preserved during a pneumonectomy.
Vagus, left recurrent laryngeal, and phrenic
Hemothorax is the presence of air in the thoracic cavity or between the pleural sac and lungs.
A diagnostic test that examines blood flow and metabolic function of the heart and brain is:
Positron emission tomography
The instrument commonly used to remove plaque form the carotid during an endarterectomy is a:
The commonly used size of suture for peripheral vascular anastomosis of the popliteal artery is:
Ateriovenous (AV) fistula is preferred over an external shunt for long-term dialysis because of a decreased chance of:
The procedure most commonly performed for the excision of small, peripherally located lesions of the lung is called a:
The pathology in which the subclavian artery is compressed resulting in severe ischemia of the arm is a type of:
Thoracic outlet syndrome
Removal of air and/or blood from the pleural cavity by means of an aspiration needle is called:
Which node is an important site for metastasis from the lungs and is a frequent site for biopsy?
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