30 terms

Fiction Elements

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Terms in this set (...)

plot
the chain of events that make up a story
setting
the time and place of a story
protagonist
the main character of a story
antagonist
the character or force in conflict with the protagonist
exposition
the first part of the plot; characters, setting, and basic situation are revealed
rising action
main part of the story; moves the plot along; complications arise
climax
the most exciting or intense part of the story for the protagonist; the turning point
falling action
events that follow the climax and lead to the resolution; conflicts begin moving towards resolution
resolution
the end of the story; conflicts are resovled
conflict
A struggle between opposing forces or characters
internal conflict
A struggle between opposing needs, desires, or emotions within a single character; takes place inside a character's mind or heart; sometimes involves a decision
external conflict
A problem or struggle between a character and someone or something outside of the character
character vs. character
a struggle, mental or physical, between two characters
character vs. self
a struggle between a character and his/her feelings, conscience or fear
character vs. nature
a struggle between a character and a force of nature such as cold, storms, earthquakes, etc.
theme
the truth or central message a story reveals about life; what the character learns
point of view
the perspective from which a story is told
first person
Narrator tells story from his/her point of view and refers to him/herself as "I".
second person
The narrator tells the story using the pronouns "You", "Your," and "Yours" to address a reader or listener directly
third person limited
This is a point of view in which the narrator is outside the story and reveals the thoughts of only one character, who is referred to as "he" or "she."
third person omniscient
A narrator who is "all-knowing" and tells the thoughts and feelings of all the characters in the story.
third person objective
The narrator is an outsider who can report only what he or she sees and hears. This narrator can tell us what is happening, but he can't tell us the thoughts of the characters.
characterization
A method an author uses to let readers know more about the characters and their personal traits.
tone
Authors attitude towards the character or situation.
mood
Feeling or atmosphere that a writer creates for the reader
flashback
technique used by the author to take a reader back in time to explain an event
foreshadowing
technique used by the author that hints at coming events; often builds suspense or anxiety in the reader.
suspense
A feeling of uncertainty and curiosity about what will happen next in a story.
symbolism
person, place, object or activity that stands for something beyond itself
irony
A contrast between expectation and reality.
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