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repeated similarities in the way something is written. a famous example from Martin Luther King Jr.: "I have a dream that one day the sons of slaves...I have a dream that my four little children...I have a dream that one day, down in Alabama..."

colloquial language

informal conversational style pertinent to a specific time period. ex: "what's up?"


an attempt by the author to make us feel compassion, pity or just plain heart-wrenching love for a character.


of all the possible outcomes, this is the one you'd least expect given the circumstances.


comparing two totally unlike things in order to point out some common characteristic


giving human qualities to something not human. "the cake is begging me to eat it"


the mood of a piece of writing. Catcher in the Rye=rebellious, Huckleberry Finn=humorous


choice of words to convey a specific meaning. difference between cried, wimpered, wailed


a comic, absurd, or incongruous quality causing amusement


a kind of humor, but it makes fun of something.

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