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90 terms

Body Systems Chaper 5

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aort/o
Word part meaning aorta
arteri/o
Word part meaning artery
ather/o
Word part meaning plaque, fatty substance
angi/o
Word part meaning relating to blood or lymph vessels
brady-
Word part meaning slow
-emia
Word part meaning blood or blood condition
cardi/o
Word part meaning heart
-crasia
Word part meaning mixture or blending
erythr/o
Word part meaning red
ven/o
Word part meaning vein
leuk/o
Word part meaning white
phleb/o
Word part meaning vein
tachy-
Word part meaning fast or rapid
thromb/o
Word part meaning clot
hem/o
Word part meaning blood, relating to blood
leukocytes
The term meaning white blood cells is ___.
sinoatrial node
Commonly known as the natural pacemaker, the medical name of the structure is the __ __.
coronary arteries
The myocardium receives its blood supply from the __ __.
eosinophils
The ___ are formed in red bone marrow and then migrate to tissues throughout the body. These blood cells destroy parasitic organisms and play a major roll in allergic reactions.
mitral
The biscuspid valve is also known as the ___ valve.
right ventricle
The __ __ pumps blood into the pulmonary artery, which carries it to the lungs.
thrombocytes
The ___ are the smallest formed elements in the blood, and they play an important role in blood clotting.
embolus
A foreign object, such as a bit of tissue or air, circulating in the blood is known as an ___.
left ventricle
The __ __ carries blood to all parts of the body except the lungs.
leukocytes
The ___ are the most common type of white blood cell.
heart
A hollow, muscular organ
myocardium
Cardiac muscle
epicardium
External layer of the heart
endocardium
Inner lining of the heart
pericardium
Sac enclosing the heart
lipoprotein cholesterol
High-density __ __ is also known as good cholesterol.
bradycardia
An abnormally slow resting heart rate is described as ___.
atrial
In ___ fibrillation, instrad of pumping strongly, the heart muscle quivers ineffectively.
systolic
The highest pressure against the blood vessels is ___ pressure, and it occurs when the ventricles contract.
duplex ultrasound
The diagnostic procedure that images the structures of the blood vessels and the flow of blood through these vessels is known as __ __.
aneurysm
An ___ is a localized weak spot or balloon-like enlargement of the wall of an artery.
hypoperfusion
A deficiency of blood passing through an organ or body part is known as ___.
arrhythmia
An ___ is an abnormal heart rhythm in which the heartbeat is faster or slower than normal.
Raynaud's
___ disease is a condition with symptoms that include of intermittent attacks of pallor, cyanosis, and redness of the fingers and toes.
defibrillator
An automated implantable cardioverter-___ is a double-action pacemaker.
coronary artery disease
The abbreviation CAD stands for _____________________.
electrocardiogram
The abbreviations EKG and ECG both stand for _________________.
atrial fibrillation
The abbreviation A-fib stands for __________________.
myocardial infarction
The abbreviation MI stands for ____________________.
ventricular fibrillation
The abbreviation VF stands for _______________________.
septicema
The systemic condition often associated with severe infections caused by the presence of bacteria in the blood is known as ___.
beta-blocker
A ____ reduces the workload of the heart by slowing the rate of the heartbeat.
megalobastic
The blood disorder characterized by anemia in which the red blood cells are larger than normal is known as ___ anemia.
antihypertensive
An ___ is administered to lower high blood pressure.
endocarditis
A bacterial infection of the lining or valves of the heart is known as bacterial ___.
serum
Plasma with the clotting proteins removed is known as ___.
thrombocytopenia
Having an abnormally small number of platelets in the circulating blood is known as ___.
carotid endarterectomy
The surgical removal of the lining of a portion of a clogged carotid artery leading to the brain is known as a __ __.
valvular prolapse
The abnormal protrusion of a heart valve that results in the inability of the valve to close completely is known as a __ __.
nitroglycerin
The medication ___ is prescribed to prevent or relieve the pain of angina by dilatingthe blood vessels to the heart.
aneurysmorrhaphy
___ means the surgical suturing a ruptured aneurysm.
aplastic
___ anemia is characterized by an absence of all formed blood elements.
electrocardiography
___ is the process of recording the electrical activity of the myocardium.
polyarteritis
___ is a form of vasculitis involving several medium and small arteries at the same time.
valvoplasty
___ is the surgical repair or replacement of a heart valve.
False
True or False: A thrombus is a clot or pieve of tissue circulating in the blood.
hemochromatosis
___ is also known as iron overload disease.
plasmapheresis
___ is the removal of whole blood from the body, separation of its cellular elements, and reinfusion of these cellular elements suspended in saline or a plasma substitute.
False
True or False: A vasoconstrictor is a drug that enlarges the blood vessels.
peropheral vascular disease
__ __ __ is a disorder of the blood vessels located outside the heart and brain.
hemangioma
Alberta Fleetwood has a ___. This condition is a benign tumor made up of newly formed blood vessels.
thrombosis
After his surgery, Ramon Martinez developed a deep vein ___ in his leg.
varicose
During her pregnancy, Polly Olson suffered from abnormally swollen veins in her legs. The medical term for this condition is ___ veins.
angina pectoris
Thomas Wilkerson suffers from episodes of severe chest pain due to inadequate blood flow to the myocardium. This is a condition that is known as __ __.
orthostatic hypotension
When Mr. Klein stands up too quickly, his blood pressure drops. His physician describes this as postural or __ __.
myelodysplastic syndrome
Juanita Gomez was diagnosed as having __ __. This bone marrow disorder is characterized by the insuffcient production of one or more types of blood cells.
electrocardiogram
Dr. Lawson read her patient's ___. This diagnostic record is also known as a ECG or EKG.
cardiopulmonary resuscitation
Jason Turner suffered from cardiac arrest. The paramedics arrived promptly and saved his life by using __ __ (CPR).
thrombolytic
Darlene Nolan was diagnosed as having a deep vein thrombosis. Her doctor immediately prescribed a ___ to cause the thrombus to dissolve.
Ischemic Heart Disease
Hamilton Edwasrds Sr. suffers from ____________________ (IHD). This is a group of cardiac disabilities resulting from an insufficent supply of oxygenated blood to the heart.
atheroma
An ___, which is a characteristic of atherosclerosis, is a deposit of plaque on or within the arterial wall.
hemostasis
The term ___ means to stop or control bleeding.
phlebitis
Inflammation of a vein is known as ___.
dyscrasia
Blood ___ is any pathologic condition of the cellular elements of the blood.
aneurysmectomy
The surgical removal of an aneurysm is an ___.
arteritis
Inflammation of an artery or arteries is known as ___.
angiectomy
The surgical removal of a portion of a blood vessel is an ___.
phlebostenosis
The abnormal narrowing of the lumen of a vein is known as ___.
pericardiectomy
The surgical removal of a portion of the tissue surrounding the heart is a ___.
cardiorrhaphy
To surgically suture the wall of the heart is a ___.
phleborrhexis
Rupture of a vein is known as ___.
angiorrhaphy
The suture repair of any vessel, especially a blood vessel, is an ___.
cardiorrhexis
Rupture of the heart is known as ___.
pericardiorrhaphy
To suture the tissue surrounding the heart is a ___.
angionecrosis
The tissue death of the walls of the blood vessels is known as ___.