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a nursing program certified by a state agency is said to be


the process to obtain a nursing license in another state when the person has passed the NCLEX examination in their own state is to

utilize the reciprocity agreement between states

to identify the needs of a patient and design care to meet those needs, the health care team requires

an individualized care plan

the patient care emphasis on wellness, rather than illness, began as a result of

increased education concerning causes of illness

the most effective process to ensure that the care plan is meeting the needs of the patient or, if not, which changes should be made is


an interdisciplinary approach to patient treatment enhances care by

preventing the fragmentation of patient care

a newly licensed LPN/LVN may practice

under the supervision of a physician or RN

whose influence on nursing practice in the nineteenth century was related to improvement of patient environment as a method of health promotion?

Florence Nightingale

The document in which the role and responsibilities of the LPN/LVN are identified is the

Nurse Practice Act

A cost effective delivery of care being used by many hospitals that allow the LPN/LVN to work with the RN to meet the needs of patients is

focused nursing

the American Hospital Association's 1972 document that outlines the patient's expectations to be treated with dignity and compassion is

Patient's Bill of Rights

the relationships among nursing, patients, health, and environment are the basis for

nursing models

the system that reduces the number of employees but still provides quality care for patients is

cross training

the purpose of licensing laws of LPN/LVN is to

protect the public from unqualified people

Maslow's hierarchy of needs is based on the premise that

basic needs must be met before the next level of needs can be met

early training programs for LPN/LVNs differ from today's concept of preparing the LPN/LVN in regard to the increased focus on

organized education

when assessing environmental factors affecting health and illness, the nurse must realize these factors are both physical and social, and that they

affect one another

the role and responsibilities of the LPN/LVN as a responsible caregiver require that the LPN/LVN

participate in continuing education activities

the organization that was established during World War II to provide nursing education and training was the

Cadet Nurse Corps

when discussing the health care delivery system, the nurse must recognize that

the major goal is to achieve optimal levels of health care


entry of a patient into the health care facility

against medical advice

when a patient leaves the health care facility without a physician's order for discharge

continuity of care

continuing of established patient care from one setting to another

discharge planning

systematic process of planning for patient care after discharge from the hospital


mental confusion characterized by inadequate or incorrect perception of place, time, and identity


ability to recognize and to some extent share the emotion and state of mind of another

health care facility

any agency that provide health care

home health agency

an organization that provides health care in the home

separation anxiety

fear and apprehension caused by separation for familiar surroundings and significant people

third party payors

entities other than the giver or receiver of service responsible for payment


moving a patient from one unit to another

surgical asepsis

is known as a sterile technique

the nurse practices medical asepsis in performing daily care by

keeping bed linens off the floor

the nurse instructs a patient that when conditions for bacterial growth are not favorable, the bacteria can lie dormant as


when a patient with a respiratory infection complains that he is not yet on an antibiotic, the nurse explains that the physician is waiting on the results of the culture and sensitivity because this test determines

which antibiotics stop bacterial growth

the bacterium responsible for more diseases than any other organism is


a disease caused by a virus has an additional complication compared to a disease caused by bacteria because a virus

is not killed by antibiotics

a patient with ringworm asks the nurse if she has worms. the nurse instructs the patient that ringworm is caused by


to provide a safe environment for the patient, the nurse should be diligent in

hand hygiene between patient contacts

when giving an example of a fomite vehicle, the nurse describes a(n):

contaminated stethoscopes

the nurse assess the need for further instruction in wound cleaning when observing the patient

cleaning the area from the outside in

the nurse is concerned when a patient admitted with a diagnosis of pneumonia suddenly develops a urinary tract infection (UTI) because the nurse recognizes the UTI as a:

health care associated infection

the nurse prioritizes the care of four patients. which patient has a systemic infection?

40 year old with AIDS

the nurse recognizes that a patient has an inflammatory response in a surgical wound on the leg when

rubor and edema appear around the wound

the infection control practitioner plans an in service on control of health care associated infections. the program should concentrate on

educating hospital personnel about aseptic practices

most hospitals require that all needlesticks to a staff member be reported to begin proper treatment against

hepatitis b

the nurse who observes standard precautions when disposing of linens contaminated with feces will

don gloves only

the nurse instructs the patient that the most important preventive technique for breaking the chain of infection is

hand hygiene

before beginning care of a patient, the nurse should perform hand hygienic for a period of

30 seconds

when wearing a mask, the nurse should change it every

20-30 minutes

a major threat to health care workers is blood contaminated sharps. as a safety precaution, the nurse should discard a used syringe in a

puncture proof container

what is the root word of pericardiocentesis?


what is the suffix of the word pleurocentesis?


monoplegia refers to the paralysis of

one side of the body

Roseola infantum is a viral infection in infants. What is the color of the skin that you would expect to see in these individuals?


Melan/o stands for black pigments. What do you call the cell that produces this black pigment of the skin>


Arthrocentesis is a procedure done in surgery. the suffix "centesis" is referred to as what in the procedure?


cyanosis is a result of poor blood circulation in a person especially to the skin. what color do you see manifesting on the individual?


a patient came in complaining of blood in his stool, what is the process of viewing the patients' large intestines known as?


a diabetic patient walked into a doctor's office complaining of needing to urinate a lot more, the medical terminally used for the patient's condition is know as


a patient seen in the emergency room (ER) with yellowish skin color. what is the terminology used to describe this patient's color?


which of the following is the correct combination of root word and prefix>

cardiac - pericardium

electrocardiograph refers to the process of recording while electrocardiogram refers to a recording instrument


change to its pleural/singular form: ovum


change to its pleural/singular form: appendix


change to its pleural/singular form: phalanx


the nurse instructs a nursing assistant to use large muscle groups when lifting because

it distributes workload more evenly

to reduce the effort of moving a heavy object, the nurse should

widen the base of support in the direction of movement

when lifting or moving a patient, the nurse should protect his or her back by

bending knees and hips

when carrying heavy objects, the nurse should place the load

close to the body midline

the nurse informs the patient that to regain the ability to perform ADLs and maintain normal physiological activities requires:


the nurse counsels the immobilized patient that to prevent muscle atrophy and contractors, the patient must have:

some type of exercise

the nurse explained that when range of motion (ROM) is performed by the patient, it is called


the nurse performing passive range of motion (ROM) for the patient will move the joint through the ROM to

the point of pain

because moving or ambulation may be painful for the patient, to assist the patient with moving, the nurse should

administer medication before ambulation

the 125 pound nurse assesses the weight of a patient she will need to lift because she is aware the heaviest patient she may safely lift by herself would weigh no more than

168.75 pounds

Although many nurses file worker's compensation claims as a result of injury on the job, the most common injury is train of the

lumbar muscle group

an implementation the nurse may use to improve safety during a transfer is

using a transfer belt

the nurse explains that the minimum number of hours of daily activity necessary to prevent the negative consequences of immobility is

2 hours

when performing passive range of motion (ROM) exercises, the number of times the nurse should move each joint through the ROM is


studies of workers' compensation claims show that the profession that has the highest claim rates of any occupation or industry is

nursing personnel

a nurse instructing a nursing assistant about moving older adult patients in bed should intervene after observing the nursing assistant

pulling the patient across bed linens

the most common cause of musculoskeletal disorders in nurses involves a movement that requires the nurse to ----- and ----- at the same time

twist, lift

to maintain a wide base of support, the nurse should stand with the feet separated by the distance of ---- times the length of the nurse's shoe


when a fall occurs, the nurse should document the incident and initiate a(n) ------ report


place the nursing activities in priority order for the preparation of a patient to ambulate
1. dangle the patient at the side of the bed
2. apply a gait belt
3. assist the patient to stand
4. inform the patient of activity
5. roll up the head of the bed

4. inform the patient of activity
5. roll up the head of the bed
1. dangle the patient at the side of the bed
2. apply a gait belt
3. assist the patient to stand

the part of the body that maintains a balance between heat production and heat loss, regulating body temperature, is the


the type of body temperature that remains relatively constant is the


the nurse uses cooling techniques to keep the body temperature of an unconscious patient who has been outside all night in below-freezing temperatures. the nurse is aware that death can occur if the temperature falls below

93.2 degrees F

a fever that rises and falls but does not return to normal until the patient is well is classified as


using the tympanic thermometer for a child, the nurse should pull the ear pinna

downward and back

to ensure optimum reception from a stethoscope, the nurse should place the earpieces pointing

toward the face

the nurse uses the diaphragm of the stethoscope to best assess

low-pitched sounds

the nurse explains that the pulse - the expansion and contraction of an artery - is produced by contraction of the

left ventricle

when assessing vital signs on a 40 year old male, the nurse identifies a pulse rate of 120. this pulse is


the patient's pulse is below 60. because the nurse is aware that the patient is not receiving digoxin, the nurse believes that the bradycardia might be caused by

unrelieved severe pain

if a peripheral pulse needs to be assessed quickly, the nurse should select the

carotid pulse

the exchange of carbon dioxide and oxygen that takes place at the alveolar level is termed:

internal respiration

because a cardiac arrhythmia is suspected, the nurse is concerned with the findings of an apical rate of 88 and a radial rate of 80. the difference between the two rates is termed

pulse deficit

the nurse is alarmed when a patient with a severe head injury of the occipital lobe has a respiratory rate of 10 breaths per minute because this may indicate an injury to the

medulla oblongata

the respirations of a patient who is demonstrating pursed-lip breathing, flared nostrils, and retractions are described as


a nurse assesses a neonate's temperature by using a temporal artery scanner. if the neonate's temperature is 96 degrees F, the nurse should

record the findings

a nurse assesses a neonate's temperature by using a temporal artery scanner. if the neonate's temperature is 99.5 degrees F, the nurse should

record the findings

a nurse assesses a patient's dorsalis pedis pulse. if the pulse s difficult to feel and not palpable when only slight pressure is applied, the nurse should document this finding as a

thready pulse

a nurse assesses a patient's dorsalis pedis pulse. if the pulse is not palpable when light pressure is applied, the nurse should document this finding as a

weak pulse

although the patient denies pain, the nurse observes the patient breathing reap idly with clenched fists and facial grimacing. the nurse's best response to these observations is

what you are saying and what i am observing don't seem to match

the nurse considers the feelings and needs of a patient by stating, "i know you are concerned about your surgery tomorrow. how can i help you?" this type of communication is


if the nurse aggressively says to a patient, "why couldn't you have asked me to give you your pain medication when i was in here earlier?" the patient is most likely to feel

humiliated and unworthy

therapeutic communication

facilitates the formation of a positive nurse patient relationship

if a nurse sits in a chair near the patient's bed, leans forward to hear what the patient is saying, and does not interrupt, the nurse is demonstrating

active listening

a therapeutic communication technique that requires a great deal of skill and is not used as frequently as other communication techniques is


a patient does not speak english; therefore, the nurse cannot use words to provide comfort during a painful procedure. another intervention that may provide comfort is


a patient states, "I do cocaine when i feel things are out of my control." the nurse who responds by asking, "what else does cocaine do for you?" is using the communication skill of

showing acceptance

a patient states, "I'm really strung out about this pregnancy." the nurse who responds by asking, "what about this pregnancy worries you?" is using the technique of

open ended question

a grieving young widow cries out, "why was my husband killed? why wasn't it me?" the best response from the nurse would be

silently placing her hand on the widow's arm

a nurse assessing a patient with a nursing diagnosis of impaired verbal communication is aware that the least number of defining characteristics for this diagnosis is


when communicating with an unresponsive patient, the communication technique the nurse should use is to

assume verbal stimuli are heard

if in response to the patient statement, "i am upset about all this lab work" the nurse responds, "you're upset?" this is an example of


one of the main characteristics of therapeutic communication is that it

involves the patient as a person

the nurse should avoid standing at the bedside with the patient lying in bed because the nurse may be construed as demonstrating



a profound prejudice in American Society


abnormal state of motor and psychos hypoactivity


language function is defective or absent


impaired ability to coordinate movement

chronologic age

age of an individual expressed as the time that elapse since birth


pain in calf after walking due to poor circulation


cognitive malfunction


difficult speech


difficulty swallowing


paralysis of one half of the body


hump back


excessive urination at night

orthostatic hypotension

low BP after change in position


sensorineural hearing loss






associated with aging

shearing forces

produce injury by shearing strains


subjective indication of a disease or a change in condition as perceived by the patient


any disturbance of a structure or function of the body; a pathologic condition of the body


the study of all factors that may be involved in the development of a disease; the cause of disease


protective response of body tissues to irritation, injury, or invasion by disease producing organisms. the cardinal signs include erythema, edema, heat, and loss of function


any abnormal growth of new tissue, benign or malignant


abnormal accumulation of fluids in interstitial spaces of tissue; a combining form meaning swelling


having a short and relatively severe course; a disease process characterized by a relatively short duration of signs and symptoms that are usually severe and begin abruptly


the symptoms of itching; an uncomfortable sensation leading to the urge to scratch; scratching often leads to secondary infection. some causes of pruritus are allergy, infection, elevated serum urea, jaundice, and skin irritation.


a decrease in the severity of a disease or any of its symptoms


redness or inflammation of the skin or mucous membranes resulting from dilation and congestion of superficial capillaries examples are mild sunburn, nervous blushes, injury resulting from trauma or infection.

the nurse is collecting data during an initial assessment. the data that can be seen, heard, measured, or felt and is objective is called a(n)


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