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Cosmetology -- Pivot Point Chapter 2

Pivot Point Cosmetology Fundamentals Chapter 2: Salon Ecology
STUDY
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Bacteriology is the scientific study of:
a. toxins
b. disease
c. bacteria
d. personal hygiene
c. bacteria
Another term that means the same as germ or bacteria is:
a. lice
b. mite
c. parasite
d. microbe
d. microbe
Bacterial cells that are harmless and can even be beneficial to humans are called:
a. viruses
b. microbes
c. pathogenic bacteria
d. nonpathogenic bacteria
d. nonpathogenic bacteria
nonpathogenic bacteria that live on dead matter are known as:
a. cocci
b. parasites
c. saprophytes
d. staphylococci
c. saprophytes
Bacterial cells that may be harmful to the body are called:
a. pathogenic
b. saprophytes
c. communicable
d. nonpathogenic
a. pathogenic
Pathogenic bacteria are responsible for all of the following EXCEPT:
a. causing disease
b. producing toxins
c. causing infection
d. benefiting the environment
d. benefiting the environment
A communicable disease refers to a disease that is:
a. passive
b. dormant
c. spread fro one person to another
d. not spread from one person to another
c. spread fro one person to another
The common cold, hepatitis and measles are examples of:
a. harmless diseases
b. beneficial diseases
c. communicable diseases
d. nonpathogenic diseases
c. communicable diseases
Spherical-shaped bacterial cells are known as:
a. cocci
b. bacilli
c. spirilla
d. staphylococci
a. cocci
Pus-forming bacterial cells that form in long chains and cause blood poisoning are called:
a. bacilli
b. diplococci
c. streptococci
d. staphylococci
c. streptococci
Rod-shaped bacterial cells are known as:
a. cocci
b. bacilli
c. spirilla
d. staphylococci
b. bacilli
What bacteria, when viewed through a microscope, would appear to be coiled, corkscrew-shaped bacterial cells?
a. spirilla
b. flagella
c. saprophytes
d. staphylococci
a. spirilla
Eileen's client has developed Lyme disease. Which type of bacteria is the cause of this disease?
a. cocci
b. bacilli
c. spirilla
d. streptococci
c. spirilla
Which of the following is NOT a source through which bacteria or viruses enter the body?
a. nose
b. mouth
c. healthy skin
d. broken skin
c. healthy skin
As bacteria absorb food, each cell grows in size and divides, resulting in how many new cells?
a. two
b. four
c. six
d. eight
a. two
What is the relationship with bacteria and disinfectants when bacteria are in theh spore-forming stage?
a. bacteria grow and thrive
b. bacteria die immediately
c. bacteria are harmed by disinfectants
d. bacteria are not harmed by disinfectants
d. bacteria are not harmed by disinfectants
Which of the following conditions does NOT occur during the inactive stage of bacterial growth?
a. spores are formed
b. dormant stage begins
c. harmed by heat
d. die if conditions are unfavorable
c. harmed by heat
Hair-like projections used by some bacteria to propel themselves are called cilia or:
a. feet
b. bacilli
c. flagella
d pediculosis
c. flagella
The common cold is caused by a(n):
a. fungi
b. filterable virus
c. external parasite
d. non-filterable virus
b. filterable virus
Which of the following conditions is NOT a disease caused by a virus?
a. mumps
b. tuberculosis
c. common cold
d. respiratory infection
b. tuberculosis
What is a highly contagious disease that infects the liver?
a. polio
b. yellow fever
c. Human Hepatitas B (HBV)
d. Acquired Immunodeficieny Syndrome (AIDS)
c. Human Hepatitas B (HBV)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) causes the immune system to:
a. speed up
b. break down
c. work intermittently
d. continue working properly
b. break down
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) can be transferred by all of the following EXCEPT:
a. blood
b. semen
c. body fluids
d. holding hands
d. holding hands
Plant or animals that live on or obtain nutrients from another organism are known as:
a. viruses
b. bacteria
c. internal parasites
d. external parasites
d. external parasites
All of the following are examples of fungi EXCEPT:
a. molds
b. yeasts
c. flagella
d. parasitic plant
c. flagella
Nail fungus is a type of:
a. virus
b. scabies
c. pathogenic bacteria
d. nonpathogenic bacteria
c. pathogenic bacteria
Syphilis is an example of a general infection, which means it affects:
a. the brain
b. the whole body
c. the nervous system
d. a small confined area
b. the whole body
Which of the following would be considered a universal precaution?
a. salon cleanliness
b. arriving at work on time
c. unsanitary salon conditions
d. common use of drinking cup
a. salon cleanliness
The ability to destroy infectious agents that enter the body is:
a. immunity
b. superiority
c. sterilization
d. infection control
a. immunity
Infection control is divided into the following categories:
a. bacteriology, ecology and first aid
b. prevention, inoculation and billing
c. sanitation, disinfection and sterilization
d. contamination, immunity and inoculation
c. sanitation, disinfection and sterilization
A product that can be applied to the skin to reduce microbes is called a(n):
a. sterilizer
b. sanitizer
c. antiseptic
d. disinfectant
c. antiseptic
Washing your hands is an example of:
a. immunity
b. sanitation
c. disinfection
d. decontamination
b. sanitation
Which of the following steps should a salon professional perform immediately prior to a service?
a. apply hand lotion
b. rinse hands in cold water
c. dry hands with a communal cloth towel
d. wash hands with warm water and liquid soap
d. wash hands with warm water and liquid soap
How often should towels/linens be laundered?
a. once a day
b. once a week
c. once a month
d. after each use
d. after each use
A disinfectant is acceptable for use on:
a. human hair
b. human skin
c. human nails
d. salon equipment
d. salon equipment
Chemical products used to destroy or kill bacteria and some viruses (except bacterial spores) are called:
a. bar soaps
b. antiseptics
c. disinfectants
d. sanitation products
c. disinfectants
Viricidals are disinfectants used to kill:
a. viruses
b. tuberculosis
c. pseudomonas
d. harmful bacteria
a. viruses
The regulating agency under the Department of Labor that enforces safety and health standards in the workplace is:
a. DNR
b. MSDS
c. USDA
d. OSHA
d. OSHA
Key information on a specific product regarding ingredients, associated hazards, combustion levels and storage requirements is provided by:
a. MSDS
b. OSHA
c. the cap
d. the efficacy label
a. MSDS
Which of the following is given to a product, along with the approval of the efficacy claims on the label, to ensure the product is safe and effective?
a. bar code
b. retail code
c. toll-free number
d. EPA registration number
d. EPA registration number
The 2001 OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration) Bloodborne Pathogens Standard requires the use of:
a. liquid soap
b. sanitation practices
c. non-corrosive cleaners
d. an EPA-registered disinfetant with an efficacy against HIV and HBV or tuberculocidal
d. an EPA-registered disinfetant with an efficacy against HIV and HBV or tuberculocidal
Clean all instrument thoroughly before:
a. lending
b. disposing
c. tightening
d. immersing
d. immersing
What step should be taken next after removing all hair from a brush during a disinfection procedure?
a. dry brush thoroughly
b. wash brush with soap and water
c. store brush in a dry, covered container
d. immerse brush in a disinfecting solution
b. wash brush with soap and water
All of the following terms describe the type of container disinfected implements are stored in EXCEPT:
a. open
b. clean
c. covered
d. disinfected
a. open
Any implement that come in contact with the client during a service need to be:
a. ventilated
b. reused or discarded
c. reused or disinfected
d. discarded or disinfected
d. discarded or disinfected
How often should combs and brushes used in the salon be disinfected?
a. after each use
b. twice a day
c. at the end of each day
d. at the beginning of each day
a. after each use
How often should the solution in disinfectant containers be changed?
a. yearly
b. monthly
c. every two weeks
d. as recommended by manufacturer
d. as recommended by manufacturer
Always store disinfectants in containers that are:
a. clear
b, unclear
c. labeled
d. plastic
c. labeled
When handling material such as disinfectants, it is important to do all of the following
EXCEPT:
a. wear gloves
b. avoid inhaling fumes
c. avoid contact with kin or eyes
d. work in a room where there are no windows
d. work in a room where there are no windows
All of the following are precautions to take when using chemical disinfectants EXCEPT:
a. store implement in a cool, dry area
b. tightly cover and label all containers
c. purchase chemicals in small quantities
d. use hands to remove object from holding basket
d. use hands to remove object from holding basket
The process referred to as "double-bagging" is performed when a(n):
a. blood spill occurs
b. antiseptic is used
c. calibration occurs
d. MSDS is consulted
a. blood spill occurs
Dispose of any material coming in contact with blood or body fluids in a:
a. sterilizer
b. cool, dry area
c. covered container
d. sealable plastic bag inside a waste can liner for disposal
d. sealable plastic bag inside a waste can liner for disposal
If a surface is free from dirt, oil and/or microbes, it has been:
a. disposed
b. dispensed
c. contaminated
d. decontaminated
d. decontaminated
Which of the following conditions describes effective storage for a disinfectant?
a. cool, dry space
b. damp, muggy space
c. bright, very hot space
d. hot, very damp and airy space
a. cool, dry space
Which of the following services normally requires the use of sterilization procedures?
a. perming
b. sculpting
c. electrolysis
d. shampooing
c. electrolysis
Tools and instruments used to puncture or invade the skin must be sterilized or designed to be:
a. dull
b. dirty
c. porous
d. disposable
d. disposable
Sterilization standards require the use of a liquid sterilant and/or moist or:
a. dry heat
b. liquid soap
c. sanitized tools
d. wet disinfectant container
a. dry heat
Sanitation is the lowest level of:
a. disinfection
b. contamination
c. infection control
d. decontamination
c. infection control
When performing first aid for bleeding wounds, what is the next step after bleeding stops?
a. apply pressure
b. apply bandage
c. apply tourniquet
d. elevate injured limb
b. apply bandage
Which of the following steps should be taken FIRST when it is believed a person may be choking?
a. make a thumbless fist
b. perform abdominal thrusts
c. apply a cold compress to face
d. determine if the victim can speak or cough
d. determine if the victim can speak or cough