APWH1 Before History

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Paleolithic
The "old stone age." Period marked by foraging people who used chipped stone tools.
migration
When people move from one region to another for permanent or semi-permanent residence.
foragers
People who support themselves by hunting wild animals and gathering wild edible plants and insects.
nomadic
People who constantly travel from place to place in search of food. Such travel is usually seasonal.
culture
Everything that people have, think, and do as a society.
kinship
Relation by blood and/or marriage. Also includes adoption among certain groups.
cultural diffusion
The spread of ideas, customs, and technologies from one people to another.
animism
The belief that spirits are present in animals, plants, and other natural objects.
shaman
A person having access to and communication with the spiritual world.
pastoralism
Lifestyle based on the raising of livestock to provide food, clothing, and shelter. Usually nomadic.
domestication
The taming of animals or breeding of plants for human use, such as work or as food.
specialization
When individuals adopt a certain career or craft and focus on it.
artisans
Experts in a craft.
textiles
Fabrics that are woven or knitted. Anciently, created from plant or animal fibers.
metallurgy
The science and technology of metals. Includes manufacture of metal goods and creation of alloys.
Neolithic
The "new stone age." Marked by the beginnings of irrigation.