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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
Chapter 12 Section 1
Terms in this set (11)
Who succeeded Abraham Lincoln as president?
What two issues did Johnson face as president?
- The issue of whether to punish or pardon former Confederates
- How to bring the defeated confederate states back into the union.
What was reconstruction?
Period during which the United States began to rebuild after the civil war
What was Lincoln reconstruction plan called?
- The Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction
- Also known as the Ten-Percent Plan
What did Lincoln's plan call for?
The government would pardon all confederate- except high ranking confederate officials and those people accused of crime against prisoners of war- who would swear allegiance to the union. After ten percent of the people that voted in 1860 took a oath of allegiance, a confederate state could form a new state government.
Under Lincoln's plan four states moved toward readmission to the union.
Who were the leaders of the Radical Republicans in Congress?
- Senator Charles Sumner of Massachusetts
- Representative Thaddeus Stevens of Pennsylvania
What was the Wade-Davis Bill?
It was the Radical Republican plan for Reconstruction
What was stated in the Wade-Davis Bill?
It stated that congress not the president would be responsible for reconstruction. It declared that for a state government to be formed, a majority of those eligible to vote in 1860 would have to take a solemn oath to support the constitution.
What was Johnson's plan for Reconstruction?
- It was the Presidential Reconstruction Plan.
- It declared that each remaining Confederate state could be readmitted to the union if it would meet several condition. First, each state would have to withdraw its secession, swear allegiance to the Union, annual Confederate war debts, & ratify the 13th Amendment.
What was the major difference in Johnson's plan and the radical republican plan for reconstruction?
Johnson wished to prevent most high ranking confederates and wealthy southern landowners from taking oath needed for voting privileges.
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