Chapter 22 The Cold War Begins
Terms in this set (33)
Location of a 1945 meeting between US President FDR, British Prime Minister(PM) Winston Churchill, and and Soviet Leader Stalin during WWII to plan for post-war
an instrument needed for an undertaking or to perform a service
A conflict that was between the US and the Soviet Union. The nations never directly confronted each other on the battlefield but deadly threats went on for years.
July 26, 1945 - Allied leaders Truman, Stalin and Churchill met in Germany to set up zones of control and to inform the Japanese that if they refused to surrender at once, they would face total destruction.
Communist nations in Eastern Europe on friendly terms with the USSR and thought of as under the USSR's control
Term used by Churchill in 1946 to describe the growing East-West divide in postwar Europe between communist and democratic nations
an American adviser, diplomat, political scientist, and historian, best known as "the father of containment"
The message written by George Kennan in 1946 that advised Truman that if the Soviets couldn't expand, their Communism would eventually fall apart, and that Communism could be beaten without going to war.
uncertainty, lack of confidence
American policy of resisting further expansion of communism around the world
This offered $13 billion in aid to rebuild and stabilize western and southern Europe.
North Atlantic Treaty Organization; an alliance made to defend one another if they were attacked by any other country; US, England, France, Canada, Western European countries
Military actions that seek objectives short of the surrender and occupation of the enemy
Southeast Treaty Organization: Includes USA, UK, France, Pakistan, Thailand, the Philippines, Australia, and New Zealand
US reaction to the massive effort by the Soviet Union to infiltrate organizations and government agencies, with the specific goals of obtaining information about the atomic bomb.
loyalty review program
A policy established by Truman that authorized the screening of all federal employees to determine their loyalty to the American government.
control (others or oneself) or influence skillfully, usually to one's advantage
A former State Department official who was accused of being a Communist spy and was convicted of perjury.
Made to do, believe, or feel certain about something
Deliberately making a statement contrary to the truth or withholding the truth under oath.
This act made it illegal to "combine, conspire, or agree with any other person to perform any act which would substantially contribute to the establishment of a totalitarian government."
The term associated with Senator Joseph McCarthy who used vague and unfounded charges against to damage the reputations of people being investigated.
To criticize harshly
the radioactive particles that settle to the ground after a nuclear explosion
policy of the Eisenhower administration that threatened the use of nuclear weapons in hopes of deterring the outbreak of conflicts
the willingness to go to the brink of war to force the other side to back down
hidden, disguised, purposefully kept secret
Central Intelligence Agency
An agency created after World War II to coordinate American intelligence activities abroad.
Nations that are economically and technologically less developed than industrialized nations.
First artificial Earth satellite, it was launched by Moscow in 1957 and sparked U.S. fears of Soviet dominance in technology and outer space. It led to the creation of NASA and the space race.
Eisenhower first coined this phrase when he warned American against it in his last State of the Union Address. It points to the relationship that had developed between the military establishment and the defense industry.