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Chapter 22 Vocabulary

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Alipidic
Skin that does not produce enough sebum, indicated by absence of visible pores.
Alpha hydroxy acids
Acids derived from plants, mostly fruit, and used to exfoliate the skin.
Ampoules
Sealed glass vials containing highly concentrated extract in a water or oil base.
Anode
Positive electrode.
Aromatherapy
Therapeutic use of essential oils.
Astringents
Liquid that helps remove the excess oil in the skin.
Brushing machine
A rotating electric appliance with interchangeable brushes that can be attached to the rotating head.
Cathode
Negative electrode.
Chemical exfoliants
Chemical agent that dissolves dead skin cells.
Chucking
Massage movement accomplished by grasping the flesh firmly in one hand and moving the hand up and down along the bone while the other hand keeps the arm or leg in a steady position.
Clay-based masks
Clay preparations used to stimulate circulation and temporarily contract the pores of the skin.
Cleansing milks
Nonfoaming lotion cleansers for the face.
Closed comedones
Clogged follicles just under the skin surface.
Contraindication
Procedure or condition that requires avoiding certain treatment to prevent undesirable side effects.
Couperose
European term describing areas of diffuse redness and dilated red capillaries.
Cream masks
Mask treatments for dry skin that do not harden or dry on the face.
Effleurage
Light, continuous stroking movement applied with the fingers (digital) or the palms (palmar) in a slow, rhythmic manner.
Electrode
Applicator for directing the electric current from the machine to the client's skin.
Electrotherapy
Electrical facial treatments.
Emollients
Oil or fatty ingredients that prevent moisture from leaving the skin.
Enzyme peels
Chemical exfoliants that involve the use of enzymes that help speed up the breakdown of keratin, the protein in skin.
Exfoliants
Ingredient that assists in the process of exfoliation.
Exfoliation
Removal of excess dead cells from the skin surface.
Foaming cleansers
Wash-off product that contains a surfactant.
Fresheners
Liquid that helps remove excess oil in the skin.
Friction
Deep rubbing movement requiring pressure on the skin with the fingers or palm while moving them over an underlying structure.
Fulling
Form of petrissage in which the tissue is grasped, gently lifted, and spread out; used mainly for massaging the arms.
Gommages
Enzyme peels in which a cream is applied to the skin before steaming and forms a hardened crust that is then massaged or "rolled" off the skin; also called "vegetal peeling."
Hacking
Chopping movement performed with the edges of the hands in massage.
Humectants
Substances that absorb moisture or promote the retention of moisture.
Keratolyic enzymes
Substances that help speed up the breakdown of keratin, the protein in skin.
Light therapy
Application of light rays to the skin for treating disorders.
Masks
Special cosmetic preparations applied to the face to tighten, tone, hydrate, and nourish the skin.
Massage
Manual or mechanical manipulation of the body by rubbing, pinching, kneading, tapping, and other movements to increase metabolism and circulation, promote absorption, and relieve pain.
Massage creams
Lubricants designed to give the practitioner a good slip (slippery quality) during massage.
Mechanical exfoliants
Methods of physical contact used to scrape or bump cells off the skin.
Microcurrent
A galvanic treatment that is a computerized device with many skin care applications, namely, toning.
Microdermabrasion
Mechanical exfoliation that involves "shooting" aluminum oxide or other crystals at the skin with a hand-held device that exfoliates dead cells.
Modelage masks
Facial masks containing special crystals of gypsum, a plaster-like ingredient.
Moisturizers
Products formulated to add moisture to the skin.
Motor point
Point on the skin over the muscle where pressure of stimulation will cause contraction of the muscle.
Open comedones
Also known as blackheads; follicles impacted with solidified sebum and dead cell buildup.
Ostium
Follicle opening.
Paraffin wax masks
Specially prepared facial masks containing paraffin and other beneficial ingredients; typically used with treatment cream.
Petrissage
Kneading movement performed by lifting, squeezing, and pressing the tissue with a light, firm pressure.
Rolling
Massage movement in which the tissues are pressed and twisted using a fast back-and-forth movement.
Steamer
Heats and produces a stream of warm steam that can be focused on various areas of the skin.
Tapotement or percussion
Most stimulating massage movement, consisting of short, quick tapping, slapping, and hacking movements.
Telangiectasias
Dilated red capillaries.
Toners
Liquid that helps remove excess oil in the skin.
Treatment cream
Cream designed to hydrate and condition the skin during the night; heavier in consistency and texture than a moisturizer.
Vibration
In massage, the rapid shaking of the body part while the balls of the fingertips are pressed firmly on the point of application.
Wringing
Vigorous movement in which the hands, placed a little distance apart on both sides of the client's arm or leg and working downward, apply a twisting motion against the bones in the opposite direction.