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TIA Chapter 13
Terms in this set (57)
A small program that resides on a server designed to be downloaded and run on a client computer.
cascading style sheet(CSS)
- a series of rules that define the style for a Web page or an entire Web site
- a language for defining how much to display HTML elements
a dedicated connection is formed between two points with the connection remaining active for the duration of the transmission.
A computer program that runs on the client computer and requires no interaction with a web server.
Computers that host software that enable users to buy goods and services over the web.
These server use special security protocols to protect sensitive information.
Common Gateway Interface - Provides a methodology by which a browser can request that a program file be executed (or run) instead of just being delivered to the browser.
A set of rules for exchanging electronic information
A protocol that does not require any type of connection to be established between or maintained between two computers exchanging information.
defines every object and element on a web page.
dotted decimal number(dotted quad)
The form of an internet IP address, where the sets of numerals are separated by decimals i.e. 190.12.678.34
Domain Name System - a worldwide system of servers that maps domain names to IP addresses
A way of assigning IP addresses where a computer is assigned a temporary address from an available pool of addresses.
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol - A protocol for assigning dynamic internet protocol addresses.
cascading style sheets
A server whose sole function is to process and deliver incoming and outgoing e-mail.
The process of coding e-mail so that only the person with the key to the code(the intended recipient) can decode the message.
eXtensible Markup Language - A markup language that enables designers to to define their own data-based tags, making it much easier for a website to transfer the key information on its page to another site;it defines what data is being described rather than hows its to be displayed.
a server that stores and manages files for network users or that acts as a storehouse for files that users can download.
In a connection-oriented protocol two computers exchange control packets, thereby setting up the parameters of data-exchange session, before sending packets that have data.
A digit with 16 possible values: 0-9 and A-F
A collection of large national and international networks, most of which are owned by commercial, educational, or government organizations.
Optical carrier(OC) Line
High speed fiber-optic line used in Internet backbone.
Tags that surround and define HTML content (such as <b> and </b>, which indicates bolding)
Hypertext Transfer Protocol - A protocol that allows files to be transferred from a web server so that you can see them on a computer by using a browser.
Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure (HTTPS)
The Internet Protocol that ensures data is sent securely over the web.
The section of the hard drive that stores information that may be needed again, such as internet protocol addresses and frequently accessed web pages.
Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers - The organization that registers Internet protocol addresses to ensure they're unique and haven't been assigned to other users.
Internet Exchange Point (IXP)
A way of connecting Internet service providers(ISPs) that's made up of one or more network switches
Internet Protocol (IP)
One of the original two protocols developed for the Internet
Internet Protocol version4 (IPv4)
The original protocol addressing scheme, created in 1981.
internet Protocol version6 (IPv6)
An Internet Protocol(IP) addressing scheme that makes IP addresses longer thereby providing more available addresses.
the means by which all computers connected to the Internet identify each other. It consists of unique set of four numbers separated by dots, such as 184.108.40.206
A scripting language thats often used to add interactivity to web pages; often used for creating Dynamic HTML pages.
a public key and private key that work together in a public encryption system
Multipurpose internet Mail Extensions - A specification for sending files as attachments to e-mail.
negative acknowledgment (NAK)
In data exchange, the communication sent from one computer or system to another stating it did not receive a data packet in readable form.
A system having the characteristic of being public for access by any interested party; as opposed to a propriety system.
packet (data packet)
A small segment of data that's bundled for sending over transmission media. Each packet contains the address of the computer or peripheral device to which its being sent.
A method of transmitting data in which messages are separated into small chunks called the packets that travel along the network separately, and then are reassembled in the proper order at the destination.
point of presence (POP)
A bank of modems, servers, routers and switches through which Internet users connect to an Internet Service Provider.
positive acknowledgment (ACK)
In data exchange, the confirmation sent from one computer or system to another that the computer has received a data packet that it can read.
the for decoding the message, retained as private in public key encryption
A type of encryption where only two parties involved in sending the message have the code.
The key for coding the message, distributed to the public in public-key encryption.
public key encryption
A type of encryption where two key, known as key-pair are created. One is used for coding and other for decoding.
The key for coding is distributed as public key.
The one for decoding is retained as private key.
root DNS server
A domain name system(DNS) server that contains the master listings for an entire top-level domain.
Secure Sockets Layer (SSL )
A network security protocol that provides for the encryption of data transmitted using the Internet.
A type of program that runs on a web server rather than on a computer
Simple Mail Transfer Protocol - protocol used to send email from a client to a server or between servers: part of Internet protocol suite
a way of assigning the IP address for a computer never changes and is most likely assigned manually by a network administrator or internet service provider.
The communication line that carries digital data over twisted-pair wire.
The main suite of protocols used for transmitting data over the Internet. Named after Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) and the Internet Protocol (IP)
Transmission Control Protocol - One of the original two protocols developed for the internet.
User Datagram Protocol (UDP)
An Internet Protocol that creates data packets across the internet.
A computer running a specialized operating system that enables it to host web pages (and other information) and to provide requested web pages to clients.
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