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27 terms

Macromolecules

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carbohydrate subunit
1C:2H:1O
protein subunit
amino acids held together by peptide bonds
lipid subunit
glycerol with fatty acid
nucleic acid subunit
nucleotides
carbohydrate examples
sugars, starches, glycogen
protein examples
enzymes, hemoglobin, keratin
nucleic acid examples
DNA, RNA
lipid examples
fats, oils, and waxes
starch
a polysaccharide that stores glucose in plants
glycogen
a polysaccharide that stores glucose in animals
function of carbohydrates
energy source, stucture
function of proteins
3rd source of energy, helps builds and repairs muscle tissue, makes hormones, enzymes, antibodies, and pigments
function of nucleic acids
code for proteins and genetic material
function of lipids
long term energy storage, reserved energy, cell membrane
sucrose
glucose + fructose
what names of sugars end with
-ose
what names of enzymes end with
-ase
saturated fats
"bad" fats - artery clogging
unsaturated fats
"good" fats
enzyme
protein that speed up chemical reaction
chitin
complex carbohydrate that makes up the cell walls of fungi; also found in the external skeletons of arthropods
cellulose
A polysaccharide that provides structural suppost for plants.
macromolecule
made in living systems from smaller building blocks covalently bonded; four classes: proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates, and lipids
polysaccharide
any of a class of carbohydrates whose molecules contain chains of monosaccharide molecules
monosaccharide
single sugar molecule
disaccharide
a sugar formed from two monosaccharides
phospholipid
type of macromolecule that makes up the cell membrane