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Terms in this set (26)
Ho Chi Minh
He based the phrasing of the Vietnamese Declaration on Independence on the US Declaration of Independence. He was the leader of a number of revolts of the Indochinese Communist Party against the French in Vietnam.
In 1954, President Eisenhower explained the domino theory, in which he likened the countries on the brink to communism to a row of dominoes waiting to fall one after the other.
Ho Chi Minh Trail
Ho Chi Minh supported the Vietcong and started supplying arms to them via a network of paths along the borders of Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia that became known as the Ho Chi Minh Trail.
Ngo Dinh Diem and attacks on buddhists
Ngo Dinh Diem was South Vietnam's president. Diem imprisoned and killed hundreds of Buddhists.
Tonkin Gulf Resolution
On August 2, 1964, a North Vietnamese patrol boat fired a torpedo at an American destroyer, the USS Maddox. The torpedo missed but the Maddox fired back and destroyed the patrol boat heavily. The attack on the US ships prompted President Johnson to launch bombing strikes on North Vietnam. Congress approved Johnson's request and adopted the Tonkin Gulf Resolution, which granted Johnson broad military powers in Vietnam without declaring war.
"operation rolling thunder"
It was the first sustained bombing of North Vietnam.
General William Westmoreland
He was the American commander in South Vietnam and continued to request more troops. He thought that "The only possible response is the aggressive deployment of U.S. troops."
Tactics of the Vietcong
They lacked the high-powered weaponry of the American forces, so they used hit-and-run tactics as well as keen knowledge of the jungle terrain to their advantage. Adding to the Vietcong's elusiveness was a network of elaborate tunnels that allowed them to withstand airstrikes and to launch surprise attacks and then disappear quickly.
The 1997 mine ban treaty
This treaty bans production and use of antipersonal mines worldwide.
It is a leaf-killing toxic chemical that the US soldiers used to expose Vietcong tunnels and hideouts.
US soldiers conducted these missions, uprooting civilians with suspected ties to the Vietcong, killing their livestock and burning villages.
"Living room war"
Throught the media, Vietnam became America's first "living-room-war". The combat footage that appeared nightly on the news in millions of homes showed stark pictures that seemed to contradict the administration's optimistic war scenario.
highest (most) number US troops in Vietnam
In 1968, 536,000 US troops were in Vietnam which is the highest number
of US troops in Vietnam.
Students for a Democratic Society(SDS)
A New Left organization, founded in 1960 by Tom Hayden and Al Haber. The group charged that corporations and large government institutions had taken over America. They called for restoration of "participatory democracy" and greater individual freedom.
Free Speech Movement
In 1964, this movement gained prominence at the University of California in Berkley. The FSM grew out of a clash between students and administrators over free speech on campus. Led by Mario Savio, the FSM focused its criticism on what it called the American "machine", the nation's faceless and powerful business and government institutions.
Hawks and Doves
The Americans found themselves divided in two camps regarding the war. Those who strongly opposed the war and believed the United States should withdraw were known as the doves. The ones who thought America should unleash much of its greater military force to win the war were the hawks.
January 30 is the equivalent for New Year's Eve in Vietnam and known as Tet. The Vietcong started to attack villages in South Vietnam and it took the US and South Vietnamese forces one month to stop this"Tet offensive".
LB's televised address March 31, 1968
In this address, President Johnson announced a dramatic change in his Vietnam policy- the United States would seek negotiations to end the war. In the meantime the policy of US escalation would end, the bombing would eventually cease and steps wouldvbe taken to ensure that the South Vietnamese played a larger role in the war.
A young Palestinian immigrant who assassinated Robert Kennedy. He said he was angered by Kennedy's support of Israel.
This is a plan by President Nixon and National Security Adviser Henry Kissinger which called for the gradual withdrawl of US troops in order for the South Vietnamese to take on a more active combat role in the war.
On March 16, 1968, a US platoon under the command of Lieutnant William Calley Jr. had massacred innocent civilians in the small village of My Lai in northern South Vietnam. Calley was searching for Vietcong rebels.
US reaction to the invasion of Cambodia
After hearing of the invasion of Cambodia, college students across the country burst out in protest. In what became the first general student strike in the nation's history, more than 1.5 million students closed down circa 1,200 campuses.
Support for the war eroded even further when the Pentagon Papers became public. The 7,000-page document, written for Defense Secretary Robert McNamara in 1967/68, revealed among other things that the government had drown up plans for entering the war even as President Lyndon Johnson promised that he would not sen any troops to Vietnam. The papers also showed that there was never any plan to end the war as long as the North Vietnamese persisted.
He helped negotiating America's withdrawl from Vietnam and who later would help forge historic new relations woth China and the Soviet Union. He was the National Security Adviser.
Maya Ying Lin
She is the designer of the Vietnam memorial which was unveiled in 1982 in Washington D.C.
War Powers Act
In November 1973, Congress passed this act, which stipulated that a president must inform Congress within 48 hours of sending forces into a hostile area without a declaration of war and the troops may remain there no longer than 90 days unless Congress approves the president's action or declares war.
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