9th Grade Vocab

77 terms by shegsoccer

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a story illustrating an idea or a moral prinicple in which objects take on symbolic meaning


Used for poetic effect, a repitition of the initial sounds of several words in a group


a reference in one literary work to a character or theme found in another literary work


a statement which can contain two or more meanings


a person or force which opposes the protagonist in the literary work


close juxtaposition of similar sounds, usually vowel sounds


overall aesthetic effect; a dominant mood or emotional effect


pause in a line of poetry, usually designated by a punctuation mark


purification or purgation of the emotions through use of tragedy


harsh, displeasing sound; produced by comination of words that require a staccato delivery. used well, it can vitalize the content of imagery


a person represented in a story


a trite (stereotyped) phrase


moment of high tension in a story


an elaborate metaphor


oppostion of persons or forces


associated or secondary meaning of a word


repetition of constant sounds usually in the middle or end of words


an established technique, practice, or device in literature or theater


dictionary definition of a word


final outcome, unraveling of the plot following the climax

deus ex machina

describes an unexpected, artificial, or improbable character, device, or event introduced suddenly in a work of fiction or drama to resolve a situation or untangle a plot


conversation between two people


a division of a whole--nothing can belong simultaneously to both parts, and everything must belong to one part or the other. They are often contrasting and spoken of as "opposites."


an author's word choice

double entrendre

figure of speech similar to the pun, in which a spoken phrase can be understood in either of two ways, with the secondary meaning often being sexual in nature

dramatic irony

the audience knows more about a story than the characters on stage

dynamic character

one who changes significantly during the course of the story. Changes considered to qualify a character as dynamic include changes in insight or undersanding, changes in commitment, and changes in values.


manifestation of insight or revalation gained when one suddenly understands the essence of something when the 'get it' or recognize he commonplace for what it really is beneath the surfae and perceives its innder workings, its nature.


pleasing sound, accomplished through use of vowl sounds in words of serene imagery. Used well, it can create a sense of peace and harmony


background information

falling action

events that occur after climax on way to denouement


any writing that is not true, created by imagination

figurative language

opposed to literal language, it is often used and crafted for emphasis, freshness of expression, or clarity


technique that interrupts chronological order of text by interjecting events or scenes or earlier occurrencces

flat character

a character that does not change during the course of a story, they merely serve a function and have limited characteriation. think of them as a cardboard cutout


a character presented as a contrast to a second character so as to point out and/or highlight some aspect of the second charcter


hinting at events that may occur later in the work


a distinctive category of literary composition


mythological or legendary figure, often of divine decent, who is endowed with great strength or ability


extreme exaggeration


language that appeals to the senses


explaination of events, actions, or statements by the exploration of inner relationships


use of words to express something other than, and especially opposite, of the literal effect


placement of two opposing ideas, characters, objects nearly side by side for heightened effect


a firgure of speech that associates two distinct things; the representation of one thing by another The image used to represent something else is the vehicle; the thing represented is called the tenor. (comparision without use of 'like' or 'as')


the feeling we get when we read a work. generally synonyms with atmosphere


a unifying element in an artistic work, especially any recurrent image, symbol, theme, character type, subject, or narrative detail.


story. either fictional or true, verse or prose


the speaker through whom the author tells the story, often a character in the work


all knowing-inner thoughts and emotions of characters


words that sound like what they mean: hiss, bark, sizzle.


statement that seems self-contradictory or nonsensical on the surface but that, upon closer examination, may be seen to contain an underlying truth

parallel structure

grammatical similar construction. using it invites readers to compare and contrast the parallel elements


arrangement and interrelation of events in a narrative

point of view

vantage point from which a narrative is told.first, third omniscient, third limited


main character of a story, usually good


used for emphasis of authorial point/theme


culmination of plot


the point in a story when the protagonist's fortunes turn in an unexpected direction


art of persuasion through speaking and writing

rising action

refers to plot structure: events that contribute to the climax of the work

round character

more complex than flat or stock characters, and often display the inconsistences and internal conflcts found in most real people


physical and social context in which the action of a story occurs.


turning point, usually in a poem, that marks a change in emotion, attitude, subject etc

situational irony

there is an incongruity between what is expected to happen and what actually happens due to forces beyond human comprehension or control

static character

literary character who remains unchanged throughout the story


the distinctive and unique manner in which a writer arranges words to achieve particular effects. it essentially combines the idea to be expressed with the individuality of the author


an object that represents itself as something else


arrangement-ordering, grouping, and placement-of words within a sentence. a componenet of grammar.


the interrelation between the two types of meaning in a poem. signifies oppositions of densly interrelated components


the central meaning or dominant idea in a literary work


the author's implicit attitude toward the reader or the people, places, and events in a work as revealed by the elements of the author's style.


a story that presents courageous individuals who confront powerful forces within or outside themselves with a dignity that reveals the breadth and depth of the human spirit in the face of failure, defeat and even death


three types- action,time,and place

verbal irony

figure of speech that occurs when a person says one thing byt means the opposite. sarcasm basically


the quality of believability or realness of a work of literature


the authorial presence that pervades a literary work lying behind or beyond such things as imagery, character, plot, or theme.

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