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77 terms

9th Grade Vocab

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allegory
a story illustrating an idea or a moral prinicple in which objects take on symbolic meaning
alliteration
Used for poetic effect, a repitition of the initial sounds of several words in a group
allusion
a reference in one literary work to a character or theme found in another literary work
ambiguity
a statement which can contain two or more meanings
antagonist
a person or force which opposes the protagonist in the literary work
assonance
close juxtaposition of similar sounds, usually vowel sounds
atmosphere
overall aesthetic effect; a dominant mood or emotional effect
caesura
pause in a line of poetry, usually designated by a punctuation mark
catharsis
purification or purgation of the emotions through use of tragedy
cacophony
harsh, displeasing sound; produced by comination of words that require a staccato delivery. used well, it can vitalize the content of imagery
character
a person represented in a story
cliche
a trite (stereotyped) phrase
climax
moment of high tension in a story
conceit
an elaborate metaphor
conflict
oppostion of persons or forces
connotation
associated or secondary meaning of a word
consonance
repetition of constant sounds usually in the middle or end of words
convention
an established technique, practice, or device in literature or theater
denotation
dictionary definition of a word
denouement
final outcome, unraveling of the plot following the climax
deus ex machina
describes an unexpected, artificial, or improbable character, device, or event introduced suddenly in a work of fiction or drama to resolve a situation or untangle a plot
dialouge
conversation between two people
dichotomy
a division of a whole--nothing can belong simultaneously to both parts, and everything must belong to one part or the other. They are often contrasting and spoken of as "opposites."
diction
an author's word choice
double entrendre
figure of speech similar to the pun, in which a spoken phrase can be understood in either of two ways, with the secondary meaning often being sexual in nature
dramatic irony
the audience knows more about a story than the characters on stage
dynamic character
one who changes significantly during the course of the story. Changes considered to qualify a character as dynamic include changes in insight or undersanding, changes in commitment, and changes in values.
epiphany
manifestation of insight or revalation gained when one suddenly understands the essence of something when the 'get it' or recognize he commonplace for what it really is beneath the surfae and perceives its innder workings, its nature.
euphony
pleasing sound, accomplished through use of vowl sounds in words of serene imagery. Used well, it can create a sense of peace and harmony
exposition
background information
falling action
events that occur after climax on way to denouement
fiction
any writing that is not true, created by imagination
figurative language
opposed to literal language, it is often used and crafted for emphasis, freshness of expression, or clarity
flashback
technique that interrupts chronological order of text by interjecting events or scenes or earlier occurrencces
flat character
a character that does not change during the course of a story, they merely serve a function and have limited characteriation. think of them as a cardboard cutout
foil
a character presented as a contrast to a second character so as to point out and/or highlight some aspect of the second charcter
foreshadowing
hinting at events that may occur later in the work
genre
a distinctive category of literary composition
hero
mythological or legendary figure, often of divine decent, who is endowed with great strength or ability
hyperbole
extreme exaggeration
imagery
language that appeals to the senses
interpretation
explaination of events, actions, or statements by the exploration of inner relationships
irony
use of words to express something other than, and especially opposite, of the literal effect
juxtaposition
placement of two opposing ideas, characters, objects nearly side by side for heightened effect
metaphor
a firgure of speech that associates two distinct things; the representation of one thing by another The image used to represent something else is the vehicle; the thing represented is called the tenor. (comparision without use of 'like' or 'as')
mood
the feeling we get when we read a work. generally synonyms with atmosphere
motif
a unifying element in an artistic work, especially any recurrent image, symbol, theme, character type, subject, or narrative detail.
narrative
story. either fictional or true, verse or prose
narrator
the speaker through whom the author tells the story, often a character in the work
omniscient
all knowing-inner thoughts and emotions of characters
onomatopoeia
words that sound like what they mean: hiss, bark, sizzle.
paradox
statement that seems self-contradictory or nonsensical on the surface but that, upon closer examination, may be seen to contain an underlying truth
parallel structure
grammatical similar construction. using it invites readers to compare and contrast the parallel elements
plot
arrangement and interrelation of events in a narrative
point of view
vantage point from which a narrative is told.first, third omniscient, third limited
protagonist
main character of a story, usually good
repetition
used for emphasis of authorial point/theme
resolution
culmination of plot
reversal
the point in a story when the protagonist's fortunes turn in an unexpected direction
rhetoric
art of persuasion through speaking and writing
rising action
refers to plot structure: events that contribute to the climax of the work
round character
more complex than flat or stock characters, and often display the inconsistences and internal conflcts found in most real people
setting
physical and social context in which the action of a story occurs.
shift
turning point, usually in a poem, that marks a change in emotion, attitude, subject etc
situational irony
there is an incongruity between what is expected to happen and what actually happens due to forces beyond human comprehension or control
static character
literary character who remains unchanged throughout the story
style
the distinctive and unique manner in which a writer arranges words to achieve particular effects. it essentially combines the idea to be expressed with the individuality of the author
symbolism
an object that represents itself as something else
syntax
arrangement-ordering, grouping, and placement-of words within a sentence. a componenet of grammar.
tension
the interrelation between the two types of meaning in a poem. signifies oppositions of densly interrelated components
theme
the central meaning or dominant idea in a literary work
tone
the author's implicit attitude toward the reader or the people, places, and events in a work as revealed by the elements of the author's style.
tragedy
a story that presents courageous individuals who confront powerful forces within or outside themselves with a dignity that reveals the breadth and depth of the human spirit in the face of failure, defeat and even death
unity
three types- action,time,and place
verbal irony
figure of speech that occurs when a person says one thing byt means the opposite. sarcasm basically
versimilitude
the quality of believability or realness of a work of literature
voice
the authorial presence that pervades a literary work lying behind or beyond such things as imagery, character, plot, or theme.