a story illustrating an idea or a moral prinicple in which objects take on symbolic meaning
harsh, displeasing sound; produced by comination of words that require a staccato delivery. used well, it can vitalize the content of imagery
deus ex machina
describes an unexpected, artificial, or improbable character, device, or event introduced suddenly in a work of fiction or drama to resolve a situation or untangle a plot
a division of a whole--nothing can belong simultaneously to both parts, and everything must belong to one part or the other. They are often contrasting and spoken of as "opposites."
figure of speech similar to the pun, in which a spoken phrase can be understood in either of two ways, with the secondary meaning often being sexual in nature
one who changes significantly during the course of the story. Changes considered to qualify a character as dynamic include changes in insight or undersanding, changes in commitment, and changes in values.
manifestation of insight or revalation gained when one suddenly understands the essence of something when the 'get it' or recognize he commonplace for what it really is beneath the surfae and perceives its innder workings, its nature.
pleasing sound, accomplished through use of vowl sounds in words of serene imagery. Used well, it can create a sense of peace and harmony
opposed to literal language, it is often used and crafted for emphasis, freshness of expression, or clarity
technique that interrupts chronological order of text by interjecting events or scenes or earlier occurrencces
a character that does not change during the course of a story, they merely serve a function and have limited characteriation. think of them as a cardboard cutout
a character presented as a contrast to a second character so as to point out and/or highlight some aspect of the second charcter
mythological or legendary figure, often of divine decent, who is endowed with great strength or ability
explaination of events, actions, or statements by the exploration of inner relationships
placement of two opposing ideas, characters, objects nearly side by side for heightened effect
a firgure of speech that associates two distinct things; the representation of one thing by another The image used to represent something else is the vehicle; the thing represented is called the tenor. (comparision without use of 'like' or 'as')
a unifying element in an artistic work, especially any recurrent image, symbol, theme, character type, subject, or narrative detail.
statement that seems self-contradictory or nonsensical on the surface but that, upon closer examination, may be seen to contain an underlying truth
grammatical similar construction. using it invites readers to compare and contrast the parallel elements
more complex than flat or stock characters, and often display the inconsistences and internal conflcts found in most real people
there is an incongruity between what is expected to happen and what actually happens due to forces beyond human comprehension or control
the distinctive and unique manner in which a writer arranges words to achieve particular effects. it essentially combines the idea to be expressed with the individuality of the author
arrangement-ordering, grouping, and placement-of words within a sentence. a componenet of grammar.
the interrelation between the two types of meaning in a poem. signifies oppositions of densly interrelated components
the author's implicit attitude toward the reader or the people, places, and events in a work as revealed by the elements of the author's style.
a story that presents courageous individuals who confront powerful forces within or outside themselves with a dignity that reveals the breadth and depth of the human spirit in the face of failure, defeat and even death
figure of speech that occurs when a person says one thing byt means the opposite. sarcasm basically