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Terms in this set (28)
Who was Charles Townshend?
He was in charge of the British finances
What are finances?
What did the Townshend Acts tax?
Glass, tea, lead and paint, which could only be bought from Britain.
True or False: The Townshend Tax was a direct tax.
What were the four effects of the Townshend Act?
1) Taxed imported goods;
2) Created new tax collectors;
3) Offenders sent to a judge in Britain;
4) Smuggling increased
Were offenders given a jury trial?
How did colonists respond to the Townshend Act?
They boycotted the goods and tried to use materials they already had; and smuggled goods
Who were the Daughters of Liberty?
A group of women Patriots
What is smuggling?
Bringing goods in secretly or illegally
What did the Daughters of Liberty encourage?
Asked people to stop drinking tea
What authority were the new tax collectors given?
Authority to search warehouses and ships without proper authority
Why were the Townshend Acts repealed?
Colonists stopped buying British goods and few taxes were collected
True or False: Tea remained taxed after the Townshend Acts were repealed.
Why were British soldiers sent to the colonies?
To protect the tax collectors, and the British officials
How did the colonists treat the tax collectors and British soldiers?
1) Called them names (redcoats, lobsters);
2) Threw sticks and snowballs;
3) Yelled at them
Where did the Boston Massacre take place?
King Street, Boston
When did the Boston Massacre take place?
What started the Boston Massacre?
A colonist calls British Private Hugh White names
What British Captain was present at the Massacre?
Captain Thomas Preston
True or False: The British soldiers were told to shoot the colonists.
How did the shooting start?
A British soldier was knocked to the ground and his gun accidentally went off. The British then started firing at the crowd
How many colonists were killed in the Boston Massacre?
Who was the Governor of Boston?
Who defended the British soldiers at the trial following the Boston Massacre?
What was the cause of the Boston Tea Party?
Colonists refused to pay the tea tax and refused to allow the ships to be unloaded
What did the Sons of Liberty first request Governor Hutchinson to do with the ships?
Send them back to England
What did the Sons of Liberty do after Governor Hutchinson refused to send the ships back to England?
Organized groups to dump the tea in the harbor
When was the Boston Tea Party?
December 16, 1773
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