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Thermal turbulence above the surface is usually most severe:
at the time of maximum surface heating.
On a clear, windy day, the depth to which mixing occurs above the surface depends upon:
the wind speed, surface heating, and the landscape (all of the above).
The wind's speed generally increases with height above the earth's surface because:
friction with the earth's surface slows the air near the ground.
Violent, rotating eddies that create hazardous flying conditions beneath the crest of a mountain wave are called:
Which below is NOT true concerning an "air pocket?"
They often form in regions that exhibit strong vertical wind shear.
Pedaling a bicycle into a 20 knot wind will require about ______ as much effort as pedaling into a 10 knot wind.
The greatest wind speed ever recorded at the earth's surface occurred at:
200 knots (230 mph) in 1934 at Mount Washington, NH.
The size and shape of a turbulent eddy depend on:
the size of the obstacle, the shape of the obstacle, and the speed of the wind (all of the above).
Suppose the wind speed increased from 5 mph to 10 mph. We can conclude that the force exerted by the wind increased by a factor:
If huge waves pound against the beach communities of Southern California for several days during clear, calm weather, it is a good bet that:
the winds are strong somewhere over the Pacific ocean.
Which below has the least influence on determining how high a wind wave will grow over the open ocean?
Suppose the wind speed increased from 5 mph to 25 mph. We can conclude that the force exerted by the wind increased by a factor of:
The most practical location for building a wind turbine would be:
regions with moderate, steady winds.
Suppose a west wind of 20 knots blows over a coastal region, which is densely covered in shrubs. If this same wind moves out over the middle of a large calm lake, its speed and direction would probably be:
greater than 20 knots and more northwesterly.
The instrument that uses infrared or visible light in the form of a laser beam to determine wind direction is the:
If the sea level pressure in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania is 1016 mb, the strongest summertime sea breeze along the New Jersey coast would occur when the sea level pressure just east of Atlantic City, New Jersey is:
During the summer in humid climates, nighttime clouds tend to form over water during a:
In summer, during the passage of a sea breeze, which of the following is NOT usually observed?
A drop in relative humidity.
In south Florida the prevailing winds are northeasterly. Because of this, the strongest sea breeze is usually observed on Florida's ______ coast, and the strongest land breeze occurs on Florida's ______ coast.
When a sea breeze moving north meets a sea breeze moving south, the form a:
sea breeze convergence zone.
Clouds and precipitation are frequently found on the downwind side of a large lake. This would indicate that the air on the downwind side is:
converging and rising.
During the summer along the coast, a sea breeze is usually strongest and best developed:
in the afternoon.
The summer monsoon in eastern and southern Asia is characterized by:
wet weather and winds blowing from sea to land.
An extremely strong downslope wind that occurs in parts of Antarctica would be considered a:
The winter monsoon in eastern and southern Asia is characterized by:
dry weather and winds blowing from land to sea.
While fly-fishing in a mountain stream, you notice that the wind is blowing upstream. From this you could deduce that the wind is a:
On the eastern side of the Rocky Mountains, chinook winds are driest when:
clouds form and precipitation falls on the upwind side of the mountain.
Strong Santa Ana winds develop in Los Angeles during the fall when a high pressure center forms to the:
northeast of Los Angeles over the Great Basin.
A northeaster along the east coast of the United States is best developed when a low pressure area:
enhances the surrounding pressure gradient.
A sea breeze is most likely to develop along a coastline when:
large temperature differences exist between the land and water.
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