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Unit 7 - A New Nation Review
Terms in this set (30)
1st President; set many examples for future presidents to follow
Secretary of the Treasury; created an economic plan to get the U.S. out of debt and strengthen the economy; killed in a duel
Washington's Vice President; became 2nd President of U.S.
Secretary of State under Washington; opposed Hamilton; became 3rd president of the U.S.
Fourth President of U.S.; ally of Thomas Jefferson; president during War of 1812
Fifth President of U.S.; issued Monroe Doctrine warning Europeans to stay out of Western Hemishphere in 1823
Examples to be followed in the future; Washington served two terms, issued farewell address, called Mr. President, etc.
leaders of executive departments who help advise the president; Secty. of State, Secty. of Treasury, Secty. of War, Attorney General, etc.
a tax on imports (goods made in other countries) to protect industries within the country
Formation of Political Parties
Parties were created because two groups led by Hamilton and Jefferson had different opinions about how to run the government
Middle and poorer classes rebelled against unfair taxes, tyranny of their king; soon turned violent and thousands of wealthy people were executed.
Hamilton's Economic Plan
wanted the government to pay off all debts to show Americans and foreign nations that the U.S. could pay its bills (strengthen U.S. credit)
Washinton's statement that the U.S. would not get involved in European conflicts
Hamilton's tax on whiskey was unpopular with farmers in Western Pennsylvania (couldn't profit from sale of their whiskey) who rebelled and refused to pay.
Compromise of 1790
Congress agrees to Hamilton's economic plans if the nation's capital can be moved to the south (Washington, D.C.)
Result of the Whiskey Rebellion
Washington showed the new govt. was strong by sending militia soldiers to end it. No shots fired.
forcing sailors to serve in the British navy; legal in Britain, but Americans resented when the British kidnapped Americans and forced them to serve
Washington's Farewell Address
Washington chooses not to serve for a third term and leaves office with a warning to stay out of European conflicts and not to let political parties divide the people
Causes of the War of 1812
British impressment; British arm Native Americans in the west to attack Americans; War Hawks want an excuse to invade Canada and Florida
Jefferson authorizes purchase of Louisianna from France (they need money for their European wars); doubles size of U.S. for just $15 million
Issued in 1823 by Pres. Monroe warning Europeans to stay out of Western Hemisphere (don't colonize)
Results of the War of 1812
Things go back to the way they were before the war; America gains Europes respect; Americans have newfound pride; American manufacturing increases
Wealthy businessmen from New England
Farmers from the south and west
Federalist Position on Power of States vs. Federal Government and Favored Economy
Favored a strong federal government and businesses
Democratic-Republican Position on Power of States vs. Federal Government and Favored Economy
Favored strong state governments and farming (agriculture)
Federalist Position on Interpreting the Constituion
Favored a loose interpretation of the Constitution (the Constitution says you can do things that are necessary and proper to run the government)
Democratic-Republican Position on Interpreting the Constituion
Favored a strict interpretaion of the Constitution (if it doesn't say you can, then you can't)