Ch 9 & 10 Vocab
Terms in this set (46)
An Etruscan cylindrical container made of sheet bronze with cast handles and feet, often with elaborately engraved bodies, used for women's toilet articles.
A decorative pin, usually used to fasten garments.
Greek, "city of the dead"; a large burial area or cemetery.
A flat, rectangular, vertical member projecting from a wall of which it forms a part. It usually has a base and a capital and is often fluted.
Hard-baked clay, used for sculpture and as a building material. It may be glazed or painted.
The standard type of Etruscan column. Resembles ancient Greek Doric columns, but is made of wood, is unfluted, and has a base.
A wedge-shaped block used in the construction of a true arch. The central voussoir, which sets the arch, is the keystone.
The portion of a basilica flanking the nave and separated from it by a row of columns or piers.
Greek, "double theater." A Roman building type resembling two Greek theaters put together. The Roman amphitheater featured a continuous elliptical cavea around a central arena.
Elevated to the rank of gods, or the ascent to heaven.
A recess, usually semicircular, in the wall of a Roman basilica or at the east end of a church.
A series of arches supported by piers or columns.
Artists blurs background and details foreground
The court of a Roman house that is partly open to the sky. Also the open, colonnaded court in front of and attached to a Christian basilica.
an architectural element formed by the extrusion of a single curve (or pair of curves, in the case of a pointed barrel vault) along a given distance
In Roman architecture, a civic building for legal and other civic proceedings, rectangular in plan with an entrance usually on a long side. In Christian architecture, a church somewhat resembling the Roman basilica, usually entered from one end and with an apse at the other.
The hot-bath section of a Roman bathing establishment.
Subterranean networks of rock-cut galleries and chambers designed as cemeteries for the burial of the dead.
A small spatula used in encaustic painting.
A sunken panel, often ornamental, in a vault or a ceiling.
A capital combining Ionic volutes and Corinthian acanthus leaves, first used by the ancient Romans.
A building material invented by the Romans and consisting of various proportions of lime mortar, volcanic sand, water, and small stones.
In painting or sculpture, the convention of the same figure appearing more than once in the same space at different stages in a story.
A small cubicle or bedroom that opened onto the atrium of a Roman house. Also, a chamber in an Early Christian catacomb that served as a mortuary chapel.
A military breastplate.
first style mural
The earliest style of Roman mural painting. Also called the Masonry Style, because the aim of the artist was to imitate, using painted stucco relief, the appearance of costly marble panels.
The public square of an ancient Roman city.
fourth style mural
In Roman mural painting, the Fourth Style marks a return to architectural illusionism, but the architectural vistas of the Fourth Style are irrational fantasies.
The coldbath section of a Roman bathing establishment.
The edge formed by the intersection of two vaults.
In ancient Rome, wax portraits of ancestors.
In a Roman house, the basin located in the atrium that collected rainwater.
In Roman architecture, a multistory apartment house, usually made of brick-faced concrete; also refers to an entire city block
Used in second style wall paintings to create a 3D effect
The central area of an ancient Roman basilica or of a church, demarcated from aisles by piers or columns.
Latin, "eye." The round central opening of a dome. Also, a small round window in a Gothic cathedral.
In Roman architecture, a pseudoperipteral temple has a series of engaged columns all around the sides and back of the cella to give the appearance of a peripteral colonnade.
To give a rustic appearance by roughening the surfaces and beveling the edges of stone blocks to emphasize the joints between them. Rustication is a technique employed in ancient Roman architecture, and popular during the Renaissance, especially for stone courses at the ground-floor level.
second style mural
The style of Roman mural painting in which the aim was to dissolve the confining walls of a room and replace them with the illusion of a three-dimensional world constructed in the artist's imagination.
The roughly triangular space enclosed by the curves of adjacent arches and a horizontal member connecting their vertexes; also, the space enclosed by the curve of an arch and an enclosing right angle. The area between the arch proper and the framing columns and entablature.
The warmbath section of a Roman bathing establishment.
third style mural
In Roman mural painting, the style in which delicate linear fantasies were sketched on predominantly monochromatic backgrounds.
A circular painting or relief sculpture
In Roman architecture, a freestanding arch commemorating an important event, such as a military victory or the opening of a new road. In Christian architecture, the arch framing the apse at the end of a church nave.
In a Roman amphitheater, the cloth awning that could be rolled down from the top of the cavea to shield spectators from sun or rain.
True to natural appearance.