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the process by which cancer cells are spread by blood or lymph circulation to distant organs
Nuclear medicine imaging technique that helps physicians see how the organs and tissues inside the body are actually functioning.
Process of using a moving device or sweeping beam of radiation to produce images of organs or structures of the body.
Characterized by bizarre thoughts that have no basis in reality; a false belief or abnormal perception held by a person despite evidence to the contrary.
kidneys, ureters, bladder, urethra
The urinary system contains two _______, two ________, one __________ and one __________.
major site of erythrocyte (red blood cell) destruction and serves as a reservoir for blood and iron is released
An ___________ is a biconcave disk that lacks nuclei and transports oxygen and carbon dioxide
oxygen, carbon dioxide
The function of an erythrocyte is to transport ___________ and _________ _________.
The function of a __________ is to provide the body's main defense against invasion of pathogens (the military)
a granular leukocyte, named for the neutral stain of its granules, that fights infection by engulfing and eating bacteria (phagocytosis)
type of leukocyte that provides one of the first lines of defense in the inflammatory process, phagocytosis.
type of leukocyte that plays essential role in the specific immune response of the body
albumin, globulin, fibrinogen, prothrombin
The four major plasma proteins are _________, ___________, ___________, and ___________.
Form of skin cancer frequently seen in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients. Consists of brownish-purple papules that spread from the skin and metastasize to internal organs.
_______________blood is delivered from the SVC and IVC and flows through the right atrium and right ventricle through the pulmonary artery to the lungs.
Blood picks up __________ in the lungs and sends _____________ blood through the pulmonary veins to the left atrium and left ventricle, to the aorta and to the rest of the body.
The ___________artery is the only artery in the body that carries blood deficient in oxygen.
fibers in the ventricles that transmit impulses to the right and left ventricles, causing them to contract
Surgical joining of two ducts, vessels, or bowel segments to allow flow from one to another
chest pain, which may radiate to the left arm and jaw, that occurs when there is an insufficient supply of blood to the heart muscle
Video x-ray technique used to follow the passage of blood through the heart and great vessels after an intravenous injection of a radiopaque contrast substance; used to evaluate patient for CV surgery.
condition in which fatty deposits called plaque build up on the inner walls of the arteries causing them to harden
listening for sounds in blood vessels or other body structures, typically using a stethoscope
automated external defibrillator
portable electronic equipment that automatically samples the heart's electrical rhythms and when necessary, externally shocks the heart to restore a normal cardiac rhythm
coronary artery bypass graft
surgical technique to bring a new blood supply to heart muscles by detouring around blocked arteries, thus improving blood flow and O2 to the heart.
surgical technique to bring a new blood supply to heart muscles by detouring around blocked arteries, thus improving blood flow and O2 to the heart. (abbreviation)
A clot that breaks lose and travels through the bloodstream (e.g. an air bubble or part of a clot)
electronic equipment that automatically samples the heart's electrical rhythms and when necessary, externally shocks the heart to restore a normal cardiac rhythm
heart, arteries, veins, capillaries
The cardiovascular system includes the ___________, _________, _________, ___________.
subacute bacterial endocarditis
rapid onset of inflammation or infection within the lining of the heart caused by bacteria
chronic disease condition characterized by degeneration of liver tissue ; most often caused by alcoholism or a nutritional deficiency and turns the liver orange-yellow color
The tube beginning with the mouth and ending in the anus is the gastrointestinal tract or the ___________________ ____________.
air, food (respiration, digestion)
The pharynx is the common passageway for __________ and _________.
digestion, absorption, elimination
The three main functions of the digestive system involves __________, ___________ and ____________.
The flap of tissue that blocks the opening of the larynx preventing food from entering the airway leading to the trachea (windpipe).
Food moves through your digestive system by waves of muscle contractions called __________.
duodenum, jejunum, ileum
The small intestine is divided into three parts: the ___________, the ____________, and the ___________
cecum, colon, rectum, anal canal
The large intestine is divided into four parts: the _______, the __________, the _________, and the ________ __________
the largest GLANDULAR organ in the body that plays an essential role in the normal metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins, stores iron, certain vitamins and detoxifies harmful substances
a muscular sac attached to the liver that secretes bile and stores it until needed for digestion
gland that makes digestive enzymes and secretes them into the small intestine; makes the hormones insulin and glucagon and secretes them into the blood
creation of an opening in the colon through the abdominal wall to create an abdominal anus allowing stool to bypass a diseased portion of the colon; performed to treat ulcerative colitis, cancer, or obstructions
creation of an opening through the abdominal wall into the ileum (to eliminate waste) Note: the entire large colon is removed
chronic autoimmune disorder that can occur anywhere in the digestive tract. Chronic digestive inflammation causing fever, cramping, diarrhea, weight loss, and anorexia
passage of stools containing blood (as from diverticulosis or colon cancer or peptic ulcer)
gastroesophageal reflux disease
the abnormal backward flow of the gastrointestional contents into the esophagus, causingheartburn and the gradual breakdown of the mucous barrier of the esophagus
mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine
Name the 6 primary organs associated with digestion
mass of dilated, tortuous veins in the anorectum; can be internal or external (often caused by straining)
The ______________is a skeletal muscle that draws the head back and to the side (left & right) and rotates the scapula.
The ___________ _____________ is a skeletal muscle that compresses or flattens the abdomen; 6-pack
The______________ is a skeletal muscle that allows the plantar flexion of the foot and knee
The_______ _________ is a skeletal muscle that allows the plantar (sole of the foot) flexion and extension of the ankle.
____________strengthens and straightens a bone allowing it to return to it's original shape
Muscle that counteracts the action of another muscle, when one contracts, the other relaxes
The process of drawing up and thickening of a muscle fiber (example, flexion of the uterus muscle and bones during child birth)
A condition in which a muscle shortens and renders the muscle resistant to the normal stretching process
Partition of muscles and membranes that separates the chest cavity and the abdominal cavity. It is the major muscle for breathing
Any condition of abnormal development caused by defective nourishment, often noted by the degeneration of muscles.
Type of exercise that involves muscular contraction and relaxation with the assistance of a therapist
Range of Motion (ROM)
Type of exercise that involves movement of each joint through it's full _____________ __ _________ and used to prevent loss of mobility or to regain usage after injury or fracture.
fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS)
"Fiber muscle pain", Disorder with chronic , widespread musculoskeletal pain and fatigue, other symptoms include sleep disorders, irritible bowel symdrome, depression and chronic headaches.
Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation
RICE is the first aid treatment for muscle injuries and stands for _________, ________, ________,_________.
Therapy through the use of cold or ice and is the treatment of choice for soft tissue and muscle injuries.
a group of genetic diseases characterized by progressive atrophy of skeletal muscles that control movement (duchenne's type is most common affecting children and myotonic affects adults)
hip socket; the cup-shaped hollow in the hipbone into which the head of the femur fits to form a ball-and-socket joint
slice of cartilage between the pelvic bone that allows for expansion during child birth
a fracture that is a completely internal break that does not involve a break in the skin.
A fracture in which the bone is partially bent and partially broken; occurs often in children
the break of the distal end of the radius ;often occurs when the patient has attempted to break his or her fall
a fracture or break that occurs in vertebrae subjected to extreme stresses, as when one falls and lands on his or her bottom
a fracture caused by the collapse of a vertebra due to trauma or weakened vertebra. Often occurs in patients with osteoporosis.
cartilage, tendons, ligaments
______________, ______________, and ____________ make up the framework of the skeleton of the body.
appendicular skeleton, 126
The _____________ ______________ is made up of __________ bones and includes the shoulder girdle, arms, and hands & the pelvic girdle, legs and feet.
the formation of blood cells in the living body (especially in the bone marrow of long bones like the femur)
an opening (holes) in a bone through which blood vessels, nerves, and ligaments pass (provides nutrition to the bones)
carpal tunnel syndrome
compression of the median nerve as it passes between the ligament and the bones and tendons of the wrist
burr holes are drilled into the skull for the surgical excision of a portion of the skull (perhaps for blood drainage or biopsy). The holes will be replaced/repaired. Is this a craniectomy or a craniotomy?
Metabolic disease that causes inflammation of joints (fingers and toes) due to the deposit of sodium urate crystals (uric acid)
a chronic autoimmune disease with inflammation of the joints and marked deformities
condition of decreased bone density and increased porosity, causing bones to become brittle and liable to fracture
a disease of infants and young children caused by deficiency of vitamin D resulting in defective bone growth
the process of drawing or pulling on a bone or limb (as in a fracture) to relieve pressure or align parts in a special way during healing
Main neck bone that supports tongue muscles; Adam's Apple;only bone in body not attached to any other bone
5, cervical, 12, lumbar, 5, sacrum, coccyx
There are ____vertebral regions; the________ made up of 7 vertebrae, the thoracic made up of ____vertebrae, the __________ made up of ___ vertebrae, the ________ and the ________.
Inflammation of the skin caused by exposure to radiant energy like x-rays, ultraviolet light, and sunlight
this is usually caused by staph; an acute, infected, painful NODULE formed in the SUBCUTANEOUS layers of the skin, gland, or hair follicles.
REMOVAL of DEad/Damaged tissue usually from a wound to prevent infection and promote healing
a chronic ulcer of the skin caused by prolonged pressure on it (as in bedridden patients); BED SORES
Surgical procedure to remove acne scars, nevi (moles), tattoos, or fine wrinkles by using SAND PAPER, wire brushes or other ABRASIVE materials
an ACUTE INFLAMMATORY skin disorder characterized by erythema, papules, vesicles, pustules, scales, crusts, or scabs alone or in combination.
an CHRONIC skin condition characterized by frequent episodes of redness, itching, and thick dry scales on the skin. Lots of itching
REDNESS OF THE skin (fifth disease), abnormal redness of the skin resulting from dilation of blood vessels (as in sunburn or inflammation)
Chronic disease appearing primarily on the CHEEKS and NOSE, characterized by REDNESS, dilation of the blood vessels, and formation of papules and pustules resulting in a flushed appearance.
slough, scab; ususally a dry black scab formed on the skin following a burn or cauterization of the skin
abrasion of the skin/epidermis by scratching, trauma, chemicals, or burns (picking a scab)
Death (NECROSIS) and decay of body tissue, often occurring in a limb, CAUSED BY INSUFFICIENT BLOOD SUPPLY and usually following injury or disease ...literally means "an eating sore"
an inflammatory skin disease caused by a herpes virus Type 1 (cold sore/fever blister)
Skin infection characterized by pustules and caused by either staphylococci or streptococci usually around the nose and mouth and common in children.
yellowing of the skin and the whites of the eyes caused by an accumulation of bile pigment (bilirubin) in the blood
a flat, brownish spon on the skin sometimes caused by exposure to the SUN and weather;freckle
Is called prickly heat and is commonly seen in newborns and/or infants. It is caused by excessive body warmth. It appears as a rash with tiny pinheadsized papules, vesicles, and/or pustules
a SYSTEMIC disease caused by a virus and characterized by a rash and fever, also called GERMAN MEASLES
a CONTAGIOUS disease characterized by fever, inflammation of the mucous membranes and ROSE COLORED SPOTS on the skin, also called MEASLES
contagious skin disease caused by an arachnid or itch MITE burrowing under the skin causing severe itching. Also called "the itch"
a VIRAL condition characterized by a fever and a rash consisting of hundreds of itchy, Fluid-Filled BLISTERS that burst and form crusts; chicken pox
CONDITION occurring in OLDER people wherein there is dry SKIN and localized scaling caused by excessive exposure to the sun
STREAKS caused by weakening of elastic tissue and appears on breasts, stomach, buttocks, thighs and can be caused by obesity or pregnancy
a contagious fungal infection with raised, circular patches found in humans and pets; ringworm
a skin lesion caused by a virus with a rough papillomatous surface; usually a raised bump;verruca
a word or word element from which other words are formed. Foundation of the medical word. Defines system
the outer covering of the cell. The purpose is to receive nutrition and dispose of waste
This is responsible for the cell's metabolism, growth and reproduction. It is the central part of the cell.
The nucleus contains_____________ (microscopic bodies that carry genes that determine hereditary characteristics)
unspecialized cells that can develop into specialized cells when under the right conditions
this tissue controls and coordinates the activities of the body and the only one that receives electrical impulses.
group of tissues that work together to perform a common function make up structures called ________
Surgical removal of a small piece of tissue for microscopic examination used to determine a diagnosis
lack of ease; a pathological condition of the body that presents with symptoms, signs that set it apart from normal body states
a group of signs and symptoms occuring together that characterize a specific disease or pathological condition.
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