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1,027 terms

1000 + Medical Words, Terms, etc

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aborto
to miscarry (combining form)
coitus
sexual intercourse
colpo
vagina (combining form)
hystero
womb, uterus (combining form)
meno
month, menses, menstruation (combining form)
metro (metri)
womb, uterus (secondary (combining form)
oophoro
ovary (combining form)
salpingo
fallopian tube (combining form)
venereal
pertaining to sexual intercourse and the V in VD
balanitis
inflammation of the glans penis
cryptoorchitis
inflammation of the hidden testicle
galacto
milk (combining form)
gonado
seed (combining form)
testo
testicle (combining form)
cerebello
little brain (combining form)
encephalo
brain (combining form)
esthetics
pertaining to feeling
myringo, tympano
eardrum, tympanic membrane (combining form)
aniso
unequal (combining form)
blepharo
eyelid
ptosis
prolapse, drooping, falling down, sagging (suffix)
blepharoptosis
drooping of the eyelid
kerato
cornea (combining form)
lacrimo
tear, lacrimal duct, tear duct (combining form)
ophthalmo
eye (combining form)
reticulum
pertaining to a net, network,
metastasis
the process by which cancer cells are spread by blood or lymph circulation to distant organs
hystero
womb, uterus (combining form)
PET scan
Nuclear medicine imaging technique that helps physicians see how the organs and tissues inside the body are actually functioning.
beam
Ray of Light
scan
Process of using a moving device or sweeping beam of radiation to produce images of organs or structures of the body.
delusion
Characterized by bizarre thoughts that have no basis in reality; a false belief or abnormal perception held by a person despite evidence to the contrary.
schizophrenia
pertaining to a divided mind
meato
passage (combining form)
micturition
urination
perineum
the area between the genitals and anus;between the legs
peritoneum
Membrane that lines the abdominal cavity
pyelo
renal pelvis;pelvis of kidney (combining form)
uretero
ureter (combining form)
urethro
urethra (combining form)
kidneys, ureters, bladder, urethra
The urinary system contains two _______, two ________, one __________ and one __________.
broncho (bronchi)
bronchi (combining form)
ortho
straight (combining form)
pectoro
breast, chest (combining form)
pneumo
air (combining form)
pulmono (pneumono)
lung (combining form)
rhonchus
snoring sound
lungs
external respiration takes place in the __________
tissue
internal respiration takes place in ___________
cilia
The nose is lined with mucous membrane which is covered with_______(hairlike processes).
epiglottis
The ___________covers the entrance of the larynx.
hypoxia
deficiency of oxygen;decreased breathing
agglutino
clumping (combining form)
allo
other (combining form)
aniso
unequal (combining form)
chromato
color (combining form)
coagulo
clots; to clot (combining form)
eosino
rose colored (combining form)
immuno
immunity (combining form)
lympho
lymph (combining form)
neutro
neither (combining form)
plasmo
plasma (combining form)
reticularcyte
cell network
sero
serum (combining form)
sidero
iron (combining form)
sideropenia
iron deficiency
thymo
thymus (combining form)
blood
fluid consisting of formed elements (erythrocytes, thrombocytes, leukocytes) and plasma
lymphatic system
protects the body against pathogens by phagocytosis
spleen
major site of erythrocyte (red blood cell) destruction and serves as a reservoir for blood and iron is released
tonsils
___________ filters bacteria and aid in the formation of white blood cells.
thymus
The ____________ manufactures infection-fighting T cells.
erythrocyte
red blood cell
erythrocyte
An ___________ is a biconcave disk that lacks nuclei and transports oxygen and carbon dioxide
oxygen, carbon dioxide
The function of an erythrocyte is to transport ___________ and _________ _________.
thrombocyte
The function of a _____________ is to clot blood.
leukocyte
white blood cell
leukocyte
The function of a __________ is to provide the body's main defense against invasion of pathogens (the military)
neutrophil
a granular leukocyte, named for the neutral stain of its granules, that fights infection by engulfing and eating bacteria (phagocytosis)
monocytes
type of leukocyte that provides one of the first lines of defense in the inflammatory process, phagocytosis.
lymphocyte
type of leukocyte that provides immune capacity to the body
T lymphocyte
type of leukocyte that plays essential role in the specific immune response of the body
albumin, globulin, fibrinogen, prothrombin
The four major plasma proteins are _________, ___________, ___________, and ___________.
IgG
the most common antibodies. passable through the placenta. provides passive immunity.
IgM
first antibody in response to bacterial and viral infections,
IgE
an antibody that is involved in hypersensitivity and allergies.
anisocytosis
condition in which the erythrocytes are unequal in size and shape
hematoma
Mass or collection of blood
hemorrhage
bursting forth of blood
hemostasis
stoppage of bleeding
Kaposi's sarcoma
Form of skin cancer frequently seen in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients. Consists of brownish-purple papules that spread from the skin and metastasize to internal organs.
lymphangitis
inflammation of a lymph vessel
lymphedema
Abnormal accumulation of lymph in the interstitial spaces causing swelling
lymphoma
malignant tumor of lymph nodes and lymph tissue
pancytopenia
an abnormally reduced or deficient number of all cellular components in the blood
thrombosis
abnormal condition of a blood clot
vasculitis
inflammation of a blood or lymph vessel
angio
vessel (primary(combining form))
arterio
artery (combining form)
athero
plaque; fatty substance (combining form)
auscultation
listening to sounds within the body (usually with a stethoscope)
corporis
body
echo
reflected sound (combining form)
electro
electricity (combining form)
embolo
something inserted or thrown in (combining form)
infarction
necrosis of tissue due to ischemia
lipido
circulating fat (combining form)
occluso
to close up (combining form)
palpito
throbbing (combining form)
palpitation
a rapid and irregular heart beat
phlebo
vein (combining form)
phono
sound (combining form)
rrhythmo
rhythm (combining form)
septal
pertaining to a partition or separation
sphygmo
pulse (combining form)
steno
narrowing (combining form)
thrombo
clot of blood (combining form)
valvulo
valve (combining form)
vaso
vessel ((secondary)combining form)
infarction
process of dying
circulatory system
Another name for cardiovascular system
deoxygenated
_______________blood is delivered from the SVC and IVC and flows through the right atrium and right ventricle through the pulmonary artery to the lungs.
oxygen, oxygenated
Blood picks up __________ in the lungs and sends _____________ blood through the pulmonary veins to the left atrium and left ventricle, to the aorta and to the rest of the body.
red
What is the color that represents systemic arteries in medical books?
blue
What is the color that represents systemic veins in medical books?
superior vena cava
SVC
inferior vena cava
IVC
endocardium
inner lining of the heart
myocardium
muscular, middle layer of the heart
pericardium
the outer membrane sac surrounding the heart.
bifurcation
the act of splitting into two branches
midsternal line
a vertical line down the middle of the sternum
SA Node
pacemaker of the heart (abbreviation)
sinoatrial node
the heart's pacemaker, located in the wall of the right atrium
mitral valve (bicuspid)
heart valve between the left atrium and left ventricle
bicuspid valve
Another name for the mitral valve
pulmonary
The ___________artery is the only artery in the body that carries blood deficient in oxygen.
tricuspid valve
valve between the right atrium and the right ventricle.
Purkinje fibers
fibers in the ventricles that transmit impulses to the right and left ventricles, causing them to contract
atrioventricular node
AV Node
AV Node
the ______ _________ transmits electrical impulses to the bundle of His (abbreviation)
carotid, brachial, radial
The three most common pulse checkpoints
capillaries
tiny vessels that join arterioles and venules
blood pressure
the pressure that is exerted by the blood against the walls of arteries
sphygmomanometer
instrument to measure blood pressure
stethoscope
instrument used for listening to internal body sounds
pulse pressure
difference between systolic and diastolic pressure
pulse
elasticity and tone of the artery
artery, arteriole, capillary bed, venule, vein
5 Capillaries
SVC, IVC
Largest Veins (abbreviation)
anastomosis
Surgical joining of two ducts, vessels, or bowel segments to allow flow from one to another
aneurysm
ballooning of a weakened portion of an arterial wall;blow out
angina pectoris
chest pain, which may radiate to the left arm and jaw, that occurs when there is an insufficient supply of blood to the heart muscle
angiocardiography (ACG)
Video x-ray technique used to follow the passage of blood through the heart and great vessels after an intravenous injection of a radiopaque contrast substance; used to evaluate patient for CV surgery.
angiocardiography
ACG
ACG
angiocardiography (abbreviation)
angiogram
x-ray record of a vessel
angioma
tumor of a blood vessel
arrhythmia
Abnormal heart rhythm; irregular heart beat
arteriosclerosis
condition of hardening of the arteries
arteritis
Inflammation of an artery
pacemaker
a device that delivers electrical impulses to the heart to regulate the heartbeat
atherosclerosis
condition in which fatty deposits called plaque build up on the inner walls of the arteries causing them to harden
auscultation
listening for sounds in blood vessels or other body structures, typically using a stethoscope
automated external defibrillator
AED
automated external defibrillator
portable electronic equipment that automatically samples the heart's electrical rhythms and when necessary, externally shocks the heart to restore a normal cardiac rhythm
bradycardia
slow heartbeat
tachycardia
rapid heartbeat
cardiac arrest
loss of effective heart function, which results in cessation of circulation
cardiomegaly
enlarged heart
cardiomyopathy
disease of the heart muscle
cardiology
study of the heart
cardiologist
physician who studies and treats diseases of the heart
cardiopulmonary
pertaining to the heart and lungs
cardiovascular
pertaining to the heart and blood vessels
coronary artery bypass graft
CABG
coronary artery bypass graft
surgical technique to bring a new blood supply to heart muscles by detouring around blocked arteries, thus improving blood flow and O2 to the heart.
CABG
surgical technique to bring a new blood supply to heart muscles by detouring around blocked arteries, thus improving blood flow and O2 to the heart. (abbreviation)
embolus
A clot that breaks lose and travels through the bloodstream (e.g. an air bubble or part of a clot)
embolism
the sudden blockage of a blood vessel by an embolus
coronary heart disease
CHD
defibrillator
electronic equipment that automatically samples the heart's electrical rhythms and when necessary, externally shocks the heart to restore a normal cardiac rhythm
EKG (ECG)
electrocardiograph (abbreviation)
infarction
tissue death resulting from obstruction of the blood supply
phlebotomy
incision of a vein to withdraw blood
systole
contraction
asystole
A condition in which the heart has ceased generating electrical impulses.
thrombosis
blood clot
varicose veins
abnormally swollen, twisted veins with defective valves; most often seen in the legs
heart, arteries, veins, capillaries
The cardiovascular system includes the ___________, _________, _________, ___________.
endocardium, myocardium, pericardium
Name the three layers of the heart
ischemia
lack of blood flow
rapid onset
subacute
SBE
subacute bacterial endocarditis (abbreviation)
subacute bacterial endocarditis
rapid onset of inflammation or infection within the lining of the heart caused by bacteria
bifurcate
to split into two
aorta
largest artery & blood vessel
myocardial infarction
MI
adeno
gland (combining form)
amylo
starch (combining form)
appendo (appendico)
appendix (combining form)
catabolo
a casting down
chole
gall, bile
choledocho
common bile duct
colitis
inflammation of the colon
cirrhosis
chronic disease condition characterized by degeneration of liver tissue ; most often caused by alcoholism or a nutritional deficiency and turns the liver orange-yellow color
colono (colo)
colon (combining form)
cysto
bladder (combining form)
duodeno
duodenum (combining form)
entero
small intestine (combining form)
gastro
stomach (combining form)
gingivo
gums (combining form)
glosso
tongue (combining form)
glyco
sweet, sugar (combining form)
hemato
blood (combining form)
hemorrho
vein liable to bleed (combining form)
hepato
liver (combining form)
ileo
ileum (combining form)
laparo
abdomen (combining form)
laparoscopy
visual examination of the abdomen
laparotomy
surgical incision into the abdominal wall
adipo
fat (combining form)
lipo
circulating fat (combining form)
pancreato
pancreas (combining form)
pepto
to digest (combining form)
prandi
meal
postprandial
pertaining to after a meal (i.e. when to take medication)`
preprandial
pertaining to before a meal (i.e. when to take medication)
procto
anus and rectum (combining form)
pyloro
pylor motor muscle (combining form)
recto
rectum (combining form)
sialo
saliva (combining form)
sigmoido
sigmoid (combining form)
spleno
spleen (combining form)
stomato
mouth (combining form)
vermiform
shaped like a worm;_____________ appendix
alimentary canal
The tube beginning with the mouth and ending in the anus is the gastrointestinal tract or the ___________________ ____________.
mouth
Breakdown of food begins in the ____________
air, food (respiration, digestion)
The pharynx is the common passageway for __________ and _________.
digestion, absorption, elimination
The three main functions of the digestive system involves __________, ___________ and ____________.
32
How many permanent teeth does an adult have?
epiglottis
The flap of tissue that blocks the opening of the larynx preventing food from entering the airway leading to the trachea (windpipe).
peristalsis
Food moves through your digestive system by waves of muscle contractions called __________.
duodenum, jejunum, ileum
The small intestine is divided into three parts: the ___________, the ____________, and the ___________
meconium
The first stool of the newborn
cecum, colon, rectum, anal canal
The large intestine is divided into four parts: the _______, the __________, the _________, and the ________ __________
ptyalin
a digestive enzyme of the saliva that turns starch into maltose (salivary amylase)
bile
a digestive juice secreted by the liver and stored in the gallbladder
liver
the largest GLANDULAR organ in the body that plays an essential role in the normal metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins, stores iron, certain vitamins and detoxifies harmful substances
skin
the largest organ of the body
gallbladder
a muscular sac attached to the liver that secretes bile and stores it until needed for digestion
pancreas
gland that makes digestive enzymes and secretes them into the small intestine; makes the hormones insulin and glucagon and secretes them into the blood
appendectomy
surgical removal of the appendix
cholecystectomy
surgical removal of the gallbladder
colonectomy
surgical removal of the entire colon
colectomy
surgical removal of part of the colon
choledochotomy
Incision of the common bile duct.
glossotomy
surgical incision into the tongue
appendicitis
inflammation of the appendix
cholecystitis
inflammation of the gall bladder
diverticulitis
inflammation of diverticula
enteritis
inflammation of the small intestine
hepatitis
inflammation of the liver
sialadenitis
inflammation of the salivary gland
stomatitis
inflammation of the mouth
colonoscope
instrument used for visual examination of the colon
colonoscopy
visual examination of the colon
colostomy
creation of an opening in the colon through the abdominal wall to create an abdominal anus allowing stool to bypass a diseased portion of the colon; performed to treat ulcerative colitis, cancer, or obstructions
ileostomy
creation of an opening through the abdominal wall into the ileum (to eliminate waste) Note: the entire large colon is removed
dentalgia
Toothache
Crohn's Disease
chronic autoimmune disorder that can occur anywhere in the digestive tract. Chronic digestive inflammation causing fever, cramping, diarrhea, weight loss, and anorexia
colon cancer
a malignant tumor of the colon
digestion
the process by which the body breaks down food into small nutrient molecules
lipolysis
breakdown of lipids (fat)
mastication
chewing
deglutition
act or process of swallowing
dyspepsia
difficulty in digestion
dysphagia
difficulty in swallowing
anorexia
lack of appetite (also a disorder)
emesis
vomiting
hyperemesis
excessive vomiting
hematemesis
Vomiting of blood
hematochezia
passage of stools containing blood (as from diverticulosis or colon cancer or peptic ulcer)
chyme
Partially digested, semiliquid food mixed with digestive enzymes and acids in the stomach.
eructation
belching, burping
defecation
evacuation of the bowel
feces
waste formed by absorption of water in the large intestine; usually solid
flatus
gas in the digestive tract or expelled through the anus
diarrhea
Frequent passage of loose, watery stools
constipation
irregular and infrequent passage of hard and dry feces
GERD
gastroesophageal reflux disease (abbreviation)
gastroesophageal reflux disease
the abnormal backward flow of the gastrointestional contents into the esophagus, causingheartburn and the gradual breakdown of the mucous barrier of the esophagus
gastroesophageal reflux disease
GERD
mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine
Name the 6 primary organs associated with digestion
glycogenesis
formation of glycogen from glucose
halitosis
bad breath
hemorrhoid
mass of dilated, tortuous veins in the anorectum; can be internal or external (often caused by straining)
hernia
protrusion of an organ or part through the muscle normally containing it
herniorrhaphy
surgical repair through suturing of a hernia
papillae
taste buds
crown, neck, root
Name the three parts of a tooth
cele
hernia, tumor, swelling (suffix)
rectocele
hernia of the rectum; pouching of the rectum into the vagina
sigmoidoscope
instrument used for visual examination of the sigmoid colon
sublingual
pertaining to under or below the tongue
ulcer
open sore or lesion in skin or mucous membrane
volvulus
twisting of the bowel on itself, causing obstruction
agono
agony, a contest (combining form)
amputato
to cut through (combining form)
brachi
arm (combining form)
cleido
clavicle (combining form)
clono
turmoil (combining form)
ducto
to lead (combining form)
fascio
a band (combining form)
fibro
fiber (combining form)
iso
equal (combining form)
musculo
muscle (secondary (combining form))
myo
muscle (combining form)
neuro
nerve (combining form)
patho
disease (combining form)
prosthe
an addition (combining form)
rhabdo
striated rod (combining form)
sarco
flesh (combining form)
sterno
sternum (combining form)
synovo
synovial- fluid, tissue (combining form)
tono
tone, tension (combining form)
torso (torti)
twisted (combining form)
muscles
This causes movement, helps to maintain poster and produces heat
tendons
attaches muscle to bone
ligaments
attach bones to bones, organs and everything else other than muscle to bone
sternocleidomastoid
The ___________________ is a skeletal muscle that rotates and flexes neck
trapezius
The ______________is a skeletal muscle that draws the head back and to the side (left & right) and rotates the scapula.
rectus abdominus
The ___________ _____________ is a skeletal muscle that compresses or flattens the abdomen; 6-pack
gastrocnemius
The______________ is a skeletal muscle that allows the plantar flexion of the foot and knee
gluteus medius
The ________ ________ is a skeletal muscle that abducts and rotates thigh
gluteus maximus
The ________ ________ is a skeletal muscle that extends and rotates thigh
achilles tendon
The_______ _________ is a skeletal muscle that allows the plantar (sole of the foot) flexion and extension of the ankle.
contractility
______________allows muscles to change shape to become shorter and thicker.
elasticity
____________strengthens and straightens a bone allowing it to return to it's original shape
abductor
Muscle that on contraction draws away from the middle
adductor
Muscle that draws a part toward the middle
amputation
Surgical or traumatic removal of a limb
antagonist
Muscle that counteracts the action of another muscle, when one contracts, the other relaxes
clonic
Pertaining to alternate contraction and relaxation of muscles
contraction
The process of drawing up and thickening of a muscle fiber (example, flexion of the uterus muscle and bones during child birth)
contracture
A condition in which a muscle shortens and renders the muscle resistant to the normal stretching process
aponeurosis
strong, flat sheet of tissue that acts as a tendon to attach muscles to bone
ataxia
lack of muscle coordination
atonic
lacking normal muscle tone or strength
biceps
muscle with two heads or points of origin
diaphragm
Partition of muscles and membranes that separates the chest cavity and the abdominal cavity. It is the major muscle for breathing
dystrophin
protein found in muscle cells
dystrophy
Any condition of abnormal development caused by defective nourishment, often noted by the degeneration of muscles.
atrophy
literally means a lack of nourishment; a wasting away or shrinking of tissue such as muscle
exercise
Performed activity of the muscles for improvement of health or correction of deformity
active
Type of exercise that involves muscular contraction and relaxation by the patient
assistive
Type of exercise that involves muscular contraction and relaxation with the assistance of a therapist
passive
Type of exercise performed by another individual without patient assistance
Range of Motion (ROM)
Type of exercise that involves movement of each joint through it's full _____________ __ _________ and used to prevent loss of mobility or to regain usage after injury or fracture.
fatigue
state of tiredness occurring in a muscle as a result of repeated contractions
fibromyalgia syndrome
FMS
fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS)
"Fiber muscle pain", Disorder with chronic , widespread musculoskeletal pain and fatigue, other symptoms include sleep disorders, irritible bowel symdrome, depression and chronic headaches.
FMS
fibromyalgia syndrome (abbreviation)
Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation
RICE is the first aid treatment for muscle injuries and stands for _________, ________, ________,_________.
RICE
Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation (abbreviation)
RICE
First Aid Treatment that involves rest, cryotherapy, compression and elevation (abbreviation)
cryotherapy
Therapy through the use of cold or ice and is the treatment of choice for soft tissue and muscle injuries.
elevation
This is used to reduce swelling usually using pillows
flaccid
lacking muscle tone; weak, soft and flabby
muscular dystrophy
a group of genetic diseases characterized by progressive atrophy of skeletal muscles that control movement (duchenne's type is most common affecting children and myotonic affects adults)
MD
muscular dystrophy (abbreviation)
muscular dystrophy
MD
myasthenia gravis (MG)
partial paralysis of muscle which literally means grave muscle weakness
MG
myasthenia gravis (abbreviation)
myasthenia gravis
MG
myoblast
embryonic (immature) cell that develops into a cell of muscle fiber
myofibroma
tumor that contains muscle and fiber
myograph
instrument used to record muscular contractions
myokinesis
muscular motion or activity
myology
study of muscles
myoma
muscle tumor or tumor containing muscle tissue
myomalacia
softening of muscle tissue
myoparesis
weakness or slight paralysis of a muscle
myopathy
Muscle disease
myoplasty
surgical repair of muscle
myorrhaphy
surgical suturing of a muscle wound
myosarcoma
A malignant tumor derived from muscle tissue
myosclerosis
abnormal condition of hardening of a muscle
myostitis
inflammation of a skeletal muscle
myospasm
spasmodic contraction of a muscle
myotome
instrument used to cut muscle
myotomy
surgical incision into a muscle
neuromuscular
Pertaining to both nerves and muscles
neuromyopathic
Pertaining to a disease condition involving both nerves and muscles.
paresis
a slight or partial paralysis
polyplegia
Paralysis affecting many muscles.
prosthesis
an artificial device used to replace a missing body part such as hand, arm, let, etc.
rigor mortis
stiffness of the body that sets in several hours after death
tendons
a band of fibrous tissue that connects muscle to bone
torticollis
Stiff neck caused by spasmodic contraction of the muscles of the neck; wryneck
acro
extremity (combining form)
ankylo
stiffening, crooked (combining form)
arthro
joint (combining form)
carcino
cancer (combining form)
chondro
cartilage (primary term (combining form))
cartilagino
cartilage (secondary term (combining form))
colla
glue (combining form)
costo
rib (combining form)
cranio
skull (combining form)
phalange
finger/toe bones (combining form)
dactylo
finger, toe (combining form)
femoro
femur (combining form)
femoro
thigh bone (combining form)
fibulo
fibula (combining form)
humero
humerus (combining form)
kypho
a hump (combining form)
kyphosis
hump back
lamino
lamina - thin plate (combining form)
lordo
bending, curve, sway back (combining form)
lumbo
loin, lower back(combining form)
mandibulo
lower jaw bone in the face and the only movable bone in the face (combining form)
maxillo
jawbone (combining form)
myelo
bone marrow or spinal cord (combining form)
acetabulo
hip socket (combining form)
acetabulum
hip socket; the cup-shaped hollow in the hipbone into which the head of the femur fits to form a ball-and-socket joint
osteo
bone (combining form)
patello
kneecap (combining form)
podo
foot (combining form)
pedo
foot (skeletal (combining form)
radio
x-ray (combining form)
rheumato
discharge, a form of arthritis (combining form)
sacro
sacrum (combining form)
sarco
flesh (combining form)
scapulo
shoulder blade (combining form)
scolio
curvature (combining form)
spondylo
vertebra (primary (combining form)
vertebro
vertebra (secondary (combining form)
sterno
sternum, breast bone (combining form)
tendono (tendino)
tendon (combining form)
tracto
to draw (combining form)
epiphysis
the ends of a developing bone
diaphysis
The shaft of a long bone
periosteum
sheath of tissue around the bone
compact bone
The dense, hard layer of bone tissue
medullary canal
A narrow space or cavity throughout the length of the diaphysis
endosteum
connective tissue lining the medullary canal and containing the bone marrow
flexion
bending a limb
extension
straightening a limb at a joint
circumduction
circular movement of a limb
rotation
circular movement around an axis
abduction
movement away from the body or middle
adduction
movement toward the body or middle
protraction
moving a body part forward (i.e. sticking out a tongue)
retraction
moving a body part backward
dorsiflexion
bending a body part backward
pronation
face downward
supination
face upward
eversion
turning outward
inversion
turning inward
lordosis
swayback
pubis symphysis
slice of cartilage between the pelvic bone that allows for expansion during child birth
closed (simple)
a fracture that is a completely internal break that does not involve a break in the skin.
open (compound)
a fracture that projects through the skin (causing possibility of infection)
transverse
a fracture that breaks the shaft of a bone across it longitudinal axis
comminuted
a fracture where the bone is crushed and or shattered into a multitude of bony fragments
greenstick
A fracture in which the bone is partially bent and partially broken; occurs often in children
spiral
a fracture or break that occurs from excessive twisting
Colles'
the break of the distal end of the radius ;often occurs when the patient has attempted to break his or her fall
Pott's
A break at the ankle that affects both bones of the leg.
compression
a fracture or break that occurs in vertebrae subjected to extreme stresses, as when one falls and lands on his or her bottom
vertebral compression
a fracture caused by the collapse of a vertebra due to trauma or weakened vertebra. Often occurs in patients with osteoporosis.
epiphyseal
a fracture that occurs through the growth plate. Often seen in children
stress
a fracture that occurs during normal activity
hip
a fracture that typically occurs as a result of a fall. Often with elderly and osteoporosis
206
The human adult skeletal system is composed of _______bones.
cartilage, tendons, ligaments
______________, ______________, and ____________ make up the framework of the skeleton of the body.
axial skeleton
The _________ ___________consists of 80 bones. (skull, spine, ribs & sternum)
appendicular skeleton, 126
The _____________ ______________ is made up of __________ bones and includes the shoulder girdle, arms, and hands & the pelvic girdle, legs and feet.
tendons
_________attach muscles to bones
ligaments
_________attaches cartilage to bone and attaches everthing else except muscle to bone.
flat, long, short, irregular, sesamoid, sutural
Name the 6 classification of Bones
hematopoiesis
the formation of blood cells in the living body (especially in the bone marrow of long bones like the femur)
sesamoid
The patella (knee cap) is an example of what type or classification of bone?
irregular
The vertebrae is an example of what type or classification of bone?
flat
Ribs, scapula, and the skull are examples of what type or classification of bone?
short
Carpals and Tarsals are examples of what type or classification of bone?
long
The femur, tibia, ulna, and humerus are all examples of what type or classification of bone?
sutural
Whats another name for wormian bones
epiphyseal plate
What's another name for the growth plate of a bone
foramen
an opening (holes) in a bone through which blood vessels, nerves, and ligaments pass (provides nutrition to the bones)
fissure
Narrow, slit-like opening in or between bones
meatus
tubelike passage or canal
sinus
air cavity within and outside certain bones
trochanter
either of the two bony projections below the neck of the femur
tubercle
A small, rounded process (especially for attachment of a muscle or ligament)
tuberosity
A large, rounded process (especially for attachment of a muscle or ligament)
ankylosis
abnormal condition of stiffness
arthritis
joint inflammation
carpal tunnel syndrome
compression of the median nerve as it passes between the ligament and the bones and tendons of the wrist
craniectomy
Surgical excision of a portion of the skull
craniotomy
surgical incision into the skull
craniotomy
burr holes are drilled into the skull for the surgical excision of a portion of the skull (perhaps for blood drainage or biopsy). The holes will be replaced/repaired. Is this a craniectomy or a craniotomy?
dactylogram
A fingerprint
dislocation
COMPLETE displacement of a bone from its joint
subluxation
PARTIAL dislocation of a joint
fixation
the activity of fastening something firmly in position; making rigid, immobilizing
flatfoot
An abnormal flatness of the sole and arch of the foot; also known as pes planus
flatfoot
pes planus
pes planus
flatfoot
genu valgum
knock knee
knock knee
genu valgum
genu varum
bowleg
bowleg
genu varum
gout
Metabolic disease that causes inflammation of joints (fingers and toes) due to the deposit of sodium urate crystals (uric acid)
gout
Use to be known as rich man's disease
hammertoe
Acquired flexion deformity of the interphalangeal joint
osteoarthritis
OA
rheumatoid arthritis
RA
osteoarthritis
inflammation of the bones and joints
OA
osteoarthritis (abbreviation)
rheumatoid arthritis
a chronic autoimmune disease with inflammation of the joints and marked deformities
RA
rheumatoid arthritis (abbreviation)
osteomyelitis
infection of bone and bone marrow causing inflammation
osteopenia
Deficiency of bone tissue, regardless of the cause
osteoporosis
condition of decreased bone density and increased porosity, causing bones to become brittle and liable to fracture
rickets
a disease of infants and young children caused by deficiency of vitamin D resulting in defective bone growth
scoliosis
abnormal lateral curvature of the spine
spondylitis
inflammation of one or more vertebrae
subclavicular
pertaining to beneath the clavicle (collar bone)
subcostal
pertaining to below the ribs
submaxilla
below the jaw or mandible
symphysis
Means "growing together";type of joint in which bones are joined by fibrocartilage
traction
the process of drawing or pulling on a bone or limb (as in a fracture) to relieve pressure or align parts in a special way during healing
traction
maintains bone alignment using weights
Tx
Traction (abbreviation)
traction
Tx
xiphoid
located at the bottom/base of the sternum; literally means "resembling a sword"
hyoid
Main neck bone that supports tongue muscles; Adam's Apple;only bone in body not attached to any other bone
5, cervical, 12, lumbar, 5, sacrum, coccyx
There are ____vertebral regions; the________ made up of 7 vertebrae, the thoracic made up of ____vertebrae, the __________ made up of ___ vertebrae, the ________ and the ________.
T2
How do you refer to the second vertebrae of the the thoracic?
L4
How do you refer to the fourth vertebrae of the lumbar?
C4
How do you refer to the fourth vertebrae of the cervical vertebrae?
24
How many vertebral bones does an adult have in total?
actin
prefix that means ray
actinic dermatitis
Inflammation of the skin caused by exposure to radiant energy like x-rays, ultraviolet light, and sunlight
alopecia
hair loss
basal cell carcinoma
epithelial malignant tumor of the skin
basal cell carcinoma
BCC
BCC
basal cell carcinoma (ABBREVIATION)
squamous cell carcinoma
SCC
squamous cell carcinoma
Malignant tumor of squamous (flat scaly) epithelial tissue
SCC
squamous cell carcinoma (Abbreviation)
boil
this is usually caused by staph; an acute, infected, painful NODULE formed in the SUBCUTANEOUS layers of the skin, gland, or hair follicles.
bulla
Larger blister; a BLEB
callus
hardened skin
candidiasis
any species of yeast infection
candidiasis
infection of the skin or mucous membranes with any species of CANDIDA (yeast).
carbuncle
infection of the SUBCUTANEOUS tissue composed of a CLUSTER of BOILS.
causalgia
PAIN that CAUSes heat...intense burning
cicatrix
SCAR left after the healing of a wound
comedo
blackhead
blackhead
comedo
debridement
REMOVAL of DEad/Damaged tissue usually from a wound to prevent infection and promote healing
cubit
root word meaning "to lie" as in lying down
decub
bedsore (abbreviation)
decubitus ulcer
bedsore
decubitus ulcer
a chronic ulcer of the skin caused by prolonged pressure on it (as in bedridden patients); BED SORES
dehiscence
Surgical complication where there is a SEPARATION or BURSTING OPEN of a SURGICAL WOUND
lysis
PREFIX that means breakdown, destruction, separation
rhytidoplasty
surgical repair of wrinkles
dermabrasion
Surgical procedure to remove acne scars, nevi (moles), tattoos, or fine wrinkles by using SAND PAPER, wire brushes or other ABRASIVE materials
nevi
moles
dermatitis
inflammation of the skin
dermatology
study of skin
dermatologist
one who specializes in the study of skin
dermatomycosis
skin condition caused by fungus
eczema
an ACUTE INFLAMMATORY skin disorder characterized by erythema, papules, vesicles, pustules, scales, crusts, or scabs alone or in combination.
psoriasis
an CHRONIC skin condition characterized by frequent episodes of redness, itching, and thick dry scales on the skin. Lots of itching
erythema
REDNESS OF THE skin (fifth disease), abnormal redness of the skin resulting from dilation of blood vessels (as in sunburn or inflammation)
rosacea
Chronic disease appearing primarily on the CHEEKS and NOSE, characterized by REDNESS, dilation of the blood vessels, and formation of papules and pustules resulting in a flushed appearance.
erythroderma
RED SKIN, Any skin disorder involving abnormal redness
eschar
slough, scab; ususally a dry black scab formed on the skin following a burn or cauterization of the skin
excoriation
abrasion of the skin/epidermis by scratching, trauma, chemicals, or burns (picking a scab)
exudate
an oozing of pus or serum
folliculitis
inflammation of a hair follicle
gangrene
Death (NECROSIS) and decay of body tissue, often occurring in a limb, CAUSED BY INSUFFICIENT BLOOD SUPPLY and usually following injury or disease ...literally means "an eating sore"
herpes simplex
an inflammatory skin disease caused by a herpes virus Type 1 (cold sore/fever blister)
herpes simplex
Cold Sores/Fever Blister
hidr
Root for Sweat
aden
Root for Gland
hidradenitis
inflammation of the sweat gland
anhidrosis
condition lacking or complete absence of sweat
hives
eruption of ITCHING and burning swellings on the SKIN
hyperhidrosis
abnormal condition of excessive sweating
hypodermic
pertaining to under the skin (as in a needle that is injected under the skin)
icteric
Pertaining to jaundice
anicteric
without jaundice
impetigo
Skin infection characterized by pustules and caused by either staphylococci or streptococci usually around the nose and mouth and common in children.
integumentary
system covering the skin consisting of dermis and epidermis
jaundice
yellowing of the skin and the whites of the eyes caused by an accumulation of bile pigment (bilirubin) in the blood
jaundice
pertaining to yellow
keloid
OVERGROWTH of SCAR TISSUE caused by excessive collagen formation
lentigo
freckle
lentigo
a flat, brownish spon on the skin sometimes caused by exposure to the SUN and weather;freckle
leukoderma
literally means "white skin". Happens when there is a loss of pigmentation.
leukoderma
localized LOSS of PIGMENTATION of the SKIN
melanoma
black tumor
melanocarcinoma
cancerous black tumor
miliaria
Is called prickly heat and is commonly seen in newborns and/or infants. It is caused by excessive body warmth. It appears as a rash with tiny pinheadsized papules, vesicles, and/or pustules
mole
Pigmented elevated spot above the surface of the skin;nevus
mole
nevus
onychitis
Inflammation of the nail
pachy
thick
onychomycosis
a fungal condition of the nail
trichomycosis
fungal condition of the hair
pachyderma
thick skin
pediculosis
a condition of lice infestation
petechiae
Small, pinpoint, purplish hemorrhagic spots on the skin
pruritus
severe itching
rubella
German Measles
rubella
a SYSTEMIC disease caused by a virus and characterized by a rash and fever, also called GERMAN MEASLES
rubeola
a CONTAGIOUS disease characterized by fever, inflammation of the mucous membranes and ROSE COLORED SPOTS on the skin, also called MEASLES
scabies
"the itch"
scabies
contagious skin disease caused by an arachnid or itch MITE burrowing under the skin causing severe itching. Also called "the itch"
varicella
a VIRAL condition characterized by a fever and a rash consisting of hundreds of itchy, Fluid-Filled BLISTERS that burst and form crusts; chicken pox
varicella
chicken pox
scar
mark left by the HEALING process of a WOUND
scleroderma
hardening of the skin
seborrhea
Excessive flow of oil from the sebaceous glands
seborrhea
secretion of oil from the sebaceous glands
sebum
fatty or oily secretion produced by the sebaceous glands
senile keratosis
CONDITION occurring in OLDER people wherein there is dry SKIN and localized scaling caused by excessive exposure to the sun
striae
stretch marks
striae
STREAKS caused by weakening of elastic tissue and appears on breasts, stomach, buttocks, thighs and can be caused by obesity or pregnancy
subcutaneous
Sub-Q
Sub-Q (sub Q)
pertaining to below the skin (Abbreviation)
subcutaneous
pertaining to below the skin
tinea
ringworm
tinea
a contagious fungal infection with raised, circular patches found in humans and pets; ringworm
ulcer
OPEN lesion or SORE of the epidermis or mucous membrane
vitiligo
Localized loss of skin pigmentation characterized by milk-white patches
vitiligo
Michael Jackson was said to have this disease characterized by loss of skin pigmentation
wart
a skin lesion caused by a virus with a rough papillomatous surface; usually a raised bump;verruca
papillomatous
cauliflower, hairlike projections; intraoral warts
squamous
flattened epithelial cells, scale-like; relating to or covered with scales
basal
deepest layer of epidermis near the BASE
prefix
To fix before, or to fix at the beginning of a word. A syllable or a group of syllables
prefix
Will give you the number, location, and modifies the word
root
a word or word element from which other words are formed. Foundation of the medical word. Defines system
combining form
word root plus a vowel
suffix
a word element placed after a root; it changes the meaning of the word
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996
HIPAA
hyperplasia
excessive formation and growth of normal cells
systole
contraction
histo
combining form for tissue
atom
the smallest chemical unit of an element
element
a substance that can not be broken down by chemical means into another substance
molecules
chemical combination of two or more atoms that form a chemical compound.
cells
the basic building blocks that make up the human body
cell membrane
the outer covering of the cell. The purpose is to receive nutrition and dispose of waste
cytoplasm
jelly like substance between the cell membrane and the nucleus
nucleus
This is responsible for the cell's metabolism, growth and reproduction. It is the central part of the cell.
chromosomes
The nucleus contains_____________ (microscopic bodies that carry genes that determine hereditary characteristics)
23
How many pairs of chromosomes does the human body have?
tissue
a grouping of similar cells that together perform specialized functions
stem cells
Primary sources of _____________ include embryos, adult tissue, and umbilical cord blood
stem cells
unspecialized cells that can develop into specialized cells when under the right conditions
epithelial
tissue that covers the outer surfaces of the body and lines internal organs
skin
Unbroken _________is the bodies first line of defense
connective tissue
Framework for the human body
connective
most widespread and abundant of the body tissues
True
True or False...Bone is a dense form of connective tissue.
skeletal smooth cardiac
3 types of muscle tissue are______________,_____________, and _________
False
True or False. Skeletal muscles are involuntary muscles.
smooth
These muscles are found within the walls of organs and structures
cardiac
this involuntary muscle is a specialized form of striated tissue found only in the heart
epithelial, connective, muscle, nerve
Name the 4 types of tissue
nerve
this tissue controls and coordinates the activities of the body and the only one that receives electrical impulses.
organs
group of tissues that work together to perform a common function make up structures called ________
system
A group of different organs functioning together for a common purpose is called a _________
organs
Lung, kidney, heart, stomach are all examples of _____________
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen
What 4 elements make up an atom?
systems
respiratory, nervous, digestive, circulatory are all examples of what?
midsagittal
plane that vertically divides the body into right and left sides
transverse
horizontal plane that divides the body in half into superior and inferior (upper/lower)
coronal
vertical plane that divides the body in half into anterior and posterior (front/back)
frontal
another name for coronal plane
cavity
the hollow space containing body organs
android
resembles man
histology
study of tissue
homeo
constant
cell membrane, cytoplasm, nucleus
name the three parts of the cell
metabolism, reproduction, growth
`three functions of the cell's nucleus are
pruritus
Intense Itching
skin
the largest organ of the body
epidermis
The outer layer of the skin
dermis
the corium or true skin, the deep vascular inner layer of the skin
hepatorrhexis
rupture of the liver
cardiorrhexis
rupture of the heart
cardiomegaly
enlargement of the heart
acromegaly
enlargement of the hands or feet
hepatomegaly
enlargement of the liver
hepatitis
inflammation or infection of the liver
osteitis
inflammation of a bone
arthritis
inflammation of the joint
osteoarthritis
inflammation of the bone and joints
gastritis
inflammation of the stomach
enteritis
inflammation of the small intestine
gastroenteritis
inflammation of the stomach and small intestine
nephritis
inflammation of the kidney
ophthalmitis
Inflammation or infection of the eye
carditis
Inflammation of the heart
endomyocarditis
inflammation within the lining of the heart mucscle
osteopenia
deficiency of bone tissue
hypertrophy
excessive nourishment
icteric
with jaundice
anicteric
without jaundice
tachypnea
rapid breathing
aphasia
inability to speak
apnea
without or lack of breathing
dysphasia
difficulty speaking
hyperpnea
excessive breathing
dyspnea
difficult breathing
bradypnea
slow breathing
eupnea
normal breathing
tachypnea
fast or rapid breathing
hypopnea
deficient breathing (below normal)
hyperemesis
excessive vomiting
hemorrhage
bursting forth of blood
hemoptysis
spitting up blood
hemostasis
controlling of blood
homeostasis
maintenance of a state of equilibrium within the body
necrosis
condtion of tissue death
gastrosis
condition or abnormal condition of the stomach
arteriosclerosis
condition of a hardening of the arteries
blastocyte
immature blood cell
antiseptic
pertaining to an agent that works against sepsis/putrefication;limits infections
antivirals
Agents that combat specific viral diseases
antipyretic
pertaining to an agent to control or fight against fever
polydipsia
much thirst
asepsis
without decay;sterile, free from all living microorganisms
enuresis
bedwetting
epistaxis
bloody nose
cachexia
condtion of ill health, wasting away, malnutrition, often seen in chronically ill
biopsy
Surgical removal of a small piece of tissue for microscopic examination used to determine a diagnosis
chronic
opposite of acute; slow progression
acute
opposite of chronic; rapid progession
disease
lack of ease; a pathological condition of the body that presents with symptoms, signs that set it apart from normal body states
epidemic
pertaining to upon the people; rapid widespread occurence of an infectious disease
pathology
study of disease
etiology
study of the cause of disease
biology
study of life
dermatology
the study of skin
incision
process of cutting into
triage
determine priority of need
iatrogenic
of or relating to illness caused by medical examination or treatment
idiopathic
any disease that is of uncertain or unknown origin
allergen
a substance that can produce a hypersensitive reaction in the body
chemical name
the name that describes the chemical composition and molecular structure of a drug
brand name
the name given by the drug manufacturer
abduct
to move away from the body
adduct
to move toward the body
afferent
Carrying impulses toward a center
efferent
carrying impulses away from a center
syndrome
a group of signs and symptoms occuring together that characterize a specific disease or pathological condition.
symptom
Any perceptible change in the function of the body that indicates disease
causalgia
Pain that causes heat or creates heat
thermotherapy
Treatment through heat
seborrhea
Flow of oil
anemia
condition of lacking blood
anemic
pertaining to having anemia
rhytidoplasty
repairing of wrinkles
atom
smallest chemical unit of an element
molecule
Consisting of two or more atoms
hyperactivity
Excessive activity
prefix
The term affixed to the beginning of a word is a
ambilateral
Pertaining to both sides
cephalic
Pertaining to the head
adipose
Pertaining to fat or fatty tissue
muscular
pertaining to muscles
integumentary
pertaining to skin
transverse
Another name for the horizontal plane
midsagittal
plane that divides the body into equal left and right halves
lithotomy
surgical removal of stone
nephrolithotomy
surgical removal of kidney stone
lexia
diction, word, phrase
clasis
break
desis
binding
centesis
surgical puncture
enuresis
bed wetting
asthenia
weakness
pexy
surgical fixation
plasty
surgical repair
brady
slow
tachy
rapid
dys
difficult
brachy
short
syn
together
bio
life
superior
above, toward the head
inferior
below, toward the feet
anterior
in front of , the front side of the body (ventral)
posterior
toward the back, the back side of the body (dorsal)
cephalic
pertaining to the head, superior in position
caudal
pertaining to the tail, inferior in position
medial
nearest the midline or the middle
lateral
to the side, away from the middle
proximal
near the point of attachment or near the beginning of a structure
distal
away from the point of attachment or far from the beginning of a structure
cavity
hollow space containing body organs
RUQ
Right upper quadrant
LUQ
Left upper quadrant
RLQ
Right lower quadrant
LLQ
Left lower quadrant
ante
before, forward (PREFIX)
anti
against (PREFIX)
ecto
out, outside, outer (PREFIX)
endo
within the lining of, inner (PREFIX)
hyper
above, beyond, excessive (PREFIX)
hypo
below, under, deficient (PREFIX)
inter
between (PREFIX)
intra
within (PREFIX)
para
beside, alongside, abnormal (PREFIX)
peri
around (PREFIX)
per
through (PREFIX)
pre
before, in front of (PREFIX)
ptosis
prolapse, drooping, sagging, falling down (SUFFIX)
ptysis
spitting (SUFFIX)
rrhagia
pertaining to bursting forth (SUFFIX)
rrhage
to burst forth (SUFFIX)
rrhaphy
suture, to sew up (SUFFIX)
rrhea
flow, discharge (SUFFIX)
rrhexis
rupture (SUFFIX)
scope
instrument for examining (SUFFIX)
scopy
visual examination, to view, examine, visualization (SUFFIX)
tome
instrument to cut (SUFFIX)
tomy
incision (SUFFIX)
pro
before (PREFIX)
super
above, beyond (PREFIX)
supra
above, beyond (secondary) (PREFIX)
tripsy
crushing (SUFFIX)
trophy
nourishment, development, grows (SUFFIX)
a
lack of (PREFIX)
cyte
cell
blast
immature cell
cide
to kill (SUFFIX)
cyst
bladder, sac
dipsia
thirst
poiesis
formation (SUFFIX)
plasia
development, formation, growth (SUFFIX)
gen
formation, produce (short form)
genesis
formation, produce (long form)
logy
study of (SUFFIX)
lymph
clear fluid
stasis
control, stop, stand still
therapy
treatment
thermy
heat
um
tissue, structure (turns a root into a noun)
uria
urine
iatry
treatment of
ism
condition (secondary)
osis
condition
ectasis
dilation, expansion
gram
a weight
lysis
breakdown, destruction, separation
penia
lack of, deficiency
plegia
stroke, paralysis
staxis
dripping, trickling
algia
pain, ache (as in headache) (SUFFIX)
dynia
pain (SUFFIX)
algesia
condition of pain (SUFFIX)
dys
painful, pain, difficult (PREFIX)
mal
abnormal, bad (PREFIX)
asthenia
weakness
betes
to go
edema
swelling
itis
inflammation (SUFFIX)
kinesis
motion
lepsy
seizure
malacia
softening
megaly
enlargement
oma
tumor (SUFFIX)
pathy
disease (SUFFIX)
phagia
to eat, to swallow
phasia
to speak, speech
phobia
fear
centesis
surgical puncture
ectomy
surgical excision, surgical removal
pnea
breathing
epi
upon
hetero
different
homo
same
necrosis
death
ostomy
creation of an Opening to a Surface
otomy
incision into
sepsis
decay
cachexia
bad condition, wasting away
oligo
scanty
pan
all (PREFIX)
phoresis
carrying; transmission
dia
through, across
erythro
red(combining form)
leuko
white(combining form)
cyano
blue(combining form)
melano
black, dark (combining form)
polio
grey (combining form)
rube
red as in German Measles
gastr
stomach (root)
nephr
kidney (root)
gynec
female (root)
neur
nerve (root)
onc
tumor (root)
rhino
nose (combining form)
oto
ear (combining form)
ophthalm
eye (root)
proct
anus, rectum (root)
pulmon
lungs (root)
ur
urine (root)
arthr
joint (root)
oste
bone (root)
laryng
throat (root)
derma (dermat)
skin (root)
orth
straight (root)
chem
chemical
AB
abnormal (abbreviation)
ABMS
American Board of Medical Specialties (abbreviation)
ac
acute (abbreviation)
Amb
ambulatory (abbreviation)
ax
axillary (abbreviation)
BP
blood pressure (abbreviation)
Bx
Biopsy (abbreviation)
C
Celsius, centigrade (abbreviation)
CC
chief complaint (abbreviation)
npo
Nothing by mouth (latin: nil per os) (abbreviation)
cm
centimeter (abbreviation)
CV
cardiovascular (abbreviation)
Derm
dermatology (abbreviation)
DOB
date of birth (abbreviation)
Dx
diagnosis (abbreviation)
EHR
Electronic Health Record (abbreviation)
EMR
Electronic Medical Record (abbreviation)
ENT
ear, nose, throat (abbreviation)
FACP
Fellow of the American College of Physicians (abbreviation)
FACS
Fellow of the American College of Surgeons (abbreviation)
FP
family practice (abbreviation)
c/o
complains of, in care of (abbreviation)
g
gram (abbreviation)
GI
gastrointestinal (abbreviation)
GYN
gynecology (abbreviation)
HHS
Health and Human Services (abbreviation)
HIPAA
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (abbreviation)
Ht
height (abbreviation)
kg
kilogram (abbreviation)
L
liter (abbreviation)
mcg
microgram (abbreviation)
mg
milligram (abbreviation)
mL
milliliter (abbreviation)
Neuro
neurology (abbreviation)
OB
obstetrics (abbreviation)
Orth
Orthopedics (abbreviation)
P
pulse (abbreviation)
Path
pathology (abbreviation)
PE
physical examination (abbreviation)
Peds
pediatrician (abbreviation)
PHI
protected health information (abbreviation)
Psych
psychiatry, psychology (abbreviation)
R
respiration (abbreviation)
SOAP
subjective, objective, assessment, plan (abbreviation)
SS
social security (abbreviation)
Sx
symptoms (abbreviation)
T
temperature (abbreviation)
TPR
temperature, pulse, respiration (abbreviation)
Wt
weight (abbreviation)
y/o
years old (abbreviation)
sept
putrefication
emesis
vomiting
etio
cause (combining form)
enuresis
bedwetting
clasis
a break
desis
binding (suffix)
thorac
chest
dactyl
finger
podo
foot (combining form)
cephal
head (root)
cardi
heart (root)
hepat
liver (root)
muscul
muscles
myo
muscles (combining form)
cervic
neck (root)
cost
ribs (root)
crani
skull
femor
thigh bone (root)
pharyng
throat
acro
extremity (combining form)
adeno
gland (combining form)
albino
white (secondary term)combining form)
ang
vessel
carcin
cancer
caus
heat
cutane
skin (secondary term)
derm
skin (suffix)
hidro
sweat (combining form)
hydro
water (combining form)
myc
fungus (root)
onych
nail (root)
pachy
thick (prefix)
pedicul
a louse (root)
prurit
itching (root)
rhytid
wrinkle (root)
sclero
hard, hardening (combining form)
seb
oil
therm
hot, heat
trich
hair
chondro
cartilage (combining form)
andro
man, male (combining form)
dermato
skin (combining form)
stenosis
narrowing
sclerosis
abnormal condition of hardening
cele
sack, hernia (suffix)
ism
theory (suffix)
gram
record or picture (suffix)
graph
instrument for recording (suffix)
graphy
process of recording (suffix)
xantho
yellow
ase
enzyme
myel
bone marrow (root)
myelo
bone marrow (Combining Form)