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Phlebotomy Key terms quiz

Phlebotomy Key terms quiz first 40 terms
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agglutination
clumping of red blood cells that occurs from the binding of antibodies and antigens
antecubital fossa
area in the middle of the arm, in front of the elbow, that houses the veins most commonly used for venipuncture
antibody
Complex protein substance produced in the presence of foreign substances, such as bacteria viruses, lipids, or carbohydrates, in order to protect the body
anticoagulant
agent that prevents blood from clotting
antigen
substance that causes the formation of an antibody when introduced into blood or tissue
aorta
largest artery in the body
arteriole
smaller branch of an artery; a miniture artery
artery
blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to the tissues
atrium (atria)
One of two top chambers of the heart, known as the holding chambers
basilic vein
vein, used for venipuncture, that is not well anchored and tends to roll
basophil
largest numerous type of leukocytes; the granules are large and stain dark blue from basic dyes and often obscure the nucleus
biconcave
shape of an erythrocyte resembles the shape of a doughnut without the hole
blood type
description based on the ABO classification system, of the presence of specific antigens on the surface of red blood cells
capillary
smallest of all blood vessels, which allow the exchange of nutrients and oxygen between the cells and blood; capillaries connect arteries to veins
centrifugation
a procedure that separates blood into liquid and cellular components
cephalic vein
vein, used for venipuncture, that may be difficult to palpate
coagulation
cessation of bleeding; clot formation
cytoplasm
area of the cell outside the nucleus
deoxygenated
presence of a larger quantity of carbon dioxide than oxygen
diapedesis
process by which certain white blood cells can exit the capillaries and enter the tissues in response to pathogens
eosinophils
Leukocyte whose granules stain bright orange-red from eosin; aids the body in fighting parasites and numbers increase in allergies
erythrocyte
Red Blood Cells; an anuclear, biconcave disk-shaped blood cell that is responsible for transporting oxygen
fibrin
filamentous protein formed by the action of throbin on fibrinogen
fibrinogen
protein found in plasma; essential for clotting blood
granulocyte
white blood cells containing granuoles of various colors and chemical make-up; basophils, eosinophils, and neutrophils.
hematoma
collection of blood under the skin due to leakage of blood from a punctured vein or artery
hematopoietic
blood forming tissues
hemoglobin
Iron-rich protein molecules found in red blood cells; transports oxygen and carbon dioxide
hemolysis
destruction of red blood cells that allows hemoglobin to be released from the red blood cells
hemostasis
coagulation, or clot formation that repairs vessels damage and stops blood loss
jaundice
yellow coloration to skin, eyes, and mucous membranes.
leukocyte
white blood cell; round cell with a nucleus whose main function is to combat infection and remove disintegration tissues
lymphocyte
Leukocyte produced in the lymphoid tissue; a nongranular leukocyte that has a role in the body's immune system
lymphoid
is the term used to describe the lymph or the lymphatic system
median cubital vein
Most commonly used vein for venipuncture; located in the middle of the forearm
monocyte
Large leukocyte formed in bone marrow, with abundant cytoplasm and a kidney-shaped nucleus; ingest bacteria, dying cells, and debris in tissues
myeloid
developed from bone marrow
monoculear
having a single-lobed nucleus
neutrophil
Leukocyte that engulfs and digest pathogens found in tissues; its granules stain lavender
oxygenated
containing a higher concentration of oxygen than carbon dioxide