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Hetherington Chapter 21 Sections 3 and 4 (Multiple Choice)
Terms in this set (15)
As part of the Peace of Augsburg what religion was excluded from practice in Germany?
How did Ferdinand II pay his army of 125,000 men during the first phase of the Thirty Years' War?
by allowing them to plunder German villages
Why did the French support the Protestant faction during the Thirty Years' War?
they feared the Hapsburgs more than the Protestants
What was the most important non-religious consequence of the Peace of Westphalia?
first general peace conference
What was long-term negative impact did the Thirty Years' War have on Germany?
the German economy was ruined
What term best describes the basis of Central European economies in the 17th century?
How did the Polish nobility prevent the emergence of a strong monarchy in Poland?
they elected a Polish king and sharply limited power
What three steps did the Hapsburgs take to become absolute monarchs?
- reconquered Bohemia, wiped out Protestantism there, and created a loyal Czech nobility
- centralized government and created a standing army
- retook Hungary from the Ottoman Empire
Having witnessed the destruction of the Thirty Years' War, what did Frederick William of Brandenburg decide upon as the only means to ensure the safety of his realm?
having a strong army
How was Frederick William I able to gain the cooperation of the Prussian landowning nobility in the early 1700s?
gave them exclusive rights to be officers in his army
Which Prussian monarch described himself as "...the first servant of the state"?
Frederick II (The Great)
Which war mentioned in section 3 might be called a "world war"? Why?
Seven Years' War because there was fighting in North America, Europe, and India
For what four reasons are the years from 1547 - 1560 referred to as Ivan IV's "good period"?
- he won great victories
- added lands to Russia
- gave Russia a code of laws
- ruled justly
What did Peter I believe was the 'key' to Russia's progress as a nation in the 18th century?
What was the dual value of adding corn and potatoes to the Russian diet in the 18th century?
- were warming (could be used in soups)
- had many calories
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