Chapter 11 - Skin Analysis

A _____ is something a person is born with.
skin type
The five different skin types are:
dry, normal, combination, oily and sensitive
Only one skin type can also be a skin condition. What is it?
When skin lacks _____, it is classified as a dry skin type.
Small follicles indicate that the skin is ______.
This skin type has an unhealthy acid mantle and skin barrier function:
Occlusive products do what?
reduced transepidermal water loss
Which skin type(s) can be dehydrated?
dry, oily and combination
Skin that is dehydrated lacks:
When follicles go from smaller to medium just on top of edge of the T-zone by the nose, the skin type is:
Blemishes develop in oily skin because the pores get clogged with:
oil and dead skin cells
Having a good water-and-oil balance is characteristics of which skin type(s):
Products and exposure to heat or sun can easily irritate this skin type:
The ______ is a skin type system that shows the skin's ability to withstand sun exposure.
Fitzpatrick Scale
The Fitzpatrick Scale classifies people with very fair skin, blond or red hair and light-colored eyes are:
Type I
_________ on the Fitzpatrick scale includes Mideastern skin that tans and is rarely sensitive to the sun.
Type V
Different amounts of ______ are found in black, Hispanic, Asian and Native American skin types.
Hyperkeratosis can be defined as:
excessive dead skin cell buildup and cell turnover
Darker skin types can suffer from _______ due to trauma, extractions, sun damage or exfoliation.
post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation
Which ethnic skin type is considered to be most sensitive to peels?
You should be most concerned about the ______ when treating skin.
skin condition
A person's skin condition can be influenced by:
internal and external factors
Which of the following are skin conditions?
couperose; sensitive; wrinkling
Rough areas that are caused by sun exposure and are sometimes accompanied by a layered scale or scab are characteristics of this skin condition.
actinic Keratosis
Inflammatory redness is called:
Choose the description that best describes comedones:
blackheads and whiteheads
A blackhead can be most accurately described as a(n):
open comedones
What type of skin condition is caused by smoking?
When skin is asphyxiated, what does it lack?
Large blackheads around the eyes are specifically called:
solar comedones
When papules become infected and contain fluid, they are called:
Externally, the skin is most damaged by:
sun exposure
What does MED stand for?
minimal erythema dose
MED measures:
how long it takes to become red from sun exposure
Skin can suffer from ______ as a result of being exposed to UVA rays.
photo-aging; skin cancer; DNA damage
UVB rays are characterized by:
shorter, stronger wavelengths
What are the causes of erythema?
cell damage and blood vessel dilation in the dermis
This layer of the atmosphere is responsible for absorbing UVC rays:
ozone layer
High amounts of antioxidants can be found in these foods:
berries and citrus fruits
A family of antioxidants known as polyphenols can be found in:
green tea; red grapes; strawberries and pomegranates
_____ for aesthetic services include(s) contagious diseases.
Lupus is one example of a(n) _____ disease.
autoimmune system
Harsh exfoliating or waxing treatments should always be avoided when clients are taking:
oral steroids
These treatments may trigger an epileptic seizure:
light or electrical treatments
Clients with _______ should not receive electrical treatments.
heart abnormalities or have a pacemaker
You must ask important questions, such as, "What are your skin concerns?" when:
doing a consultation
Asking your client how their skin feels during different parts of the day provides valuable information about what?
oiliness or dryness
Touching the skin with your fingers during a skin analysis helps you to determine whether or not the skin is:
The four components of every skin analysis include:
look; feel; ask and listen
Clients who have obvious skin abnormalities, such as open sores, should be:
referred to a physician
Glycoproteins are especially useful because they:
enhance cellular metabolism
What is the most commonly used cosmetic ingredient?
Dipotassium glycyrrhizate is more commonly known as:
licorice root