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A _____ is something a person is born with.

skin type

The five different skin types are:

dry, normal, combination, oily and sensitive

Only one skin type can also be a skin condition. What is it?


When skin lacks _____, it is classified as a dry skin type.


Small follicles indicate that the skin is ______.


This skin type has an unhealthy acid mantle and skin barrier function:


Occlusive products do what?

reduced transepidermal water loss

Which skin type(s) can be dehydrated?

dry, oily and combination

Skin that is dehydrated lacks:


When follicles go from smaller to medium just on top of edge of the T-zone by the nose, the skin type is:


Blemishes develop in oily skin because the pores get clogged with:

oil and dead skin cells

Having a good water-and-oil balance is characteristics of which skin type(s):


Products and exposure to heat or sun can easily irritate this skin type:


The ______ is a skin type system that shows the skin's ability to withstand sun exposure.

Fitzpatrick Scale

The Fitzpatrick Scale classifies people with very fair skin, blond or red hair and light-colored eyes are:

Type I

_________ on the Fitzpatrick scale includes Mideastern skin that tans and is rarely sensitive to the sun.

Type V

Different amounts of ______ are found in black, Hispanic, Asian and Native American skin types.


Hyperkeratosis can be defined as:

excessive dead skin cell buildup and cell turnover

Darker skin types can suffer from _______ due to trauma, extractions, sun damage or exfoliation.

post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation

Which ethnic skin type is considered to be most sensitive to peels?


You should be most concerned about the ______ when treating skin.

skin condition

A person's skin condition can be influenced by:

internal and external factors

Which of the following are skin conditions?

couperose; sensitive; wrinkling

Rough areas that are caused by sun exposure and are sometimes accompanied by a layered scale or scab are characteristics of this skin condition.

actinic Keratosis

Inflammatory redness is called:


Choose the description that best describes comedones:

blackheads and whiteheads

A blackhead can be most accurately described as a(n):

open comedones

What type of skin condition is caused by smoking?


When skin is asphyxiated, what does it lack?


Large blackheads around the eyes are specifically called:

solar comedones

When papules become infected and contain fluid, they are called:


Externally, the skin is most damaged by:

sun exposure

What does MED stand for?

minimal erythema dose

MED measures:

how long it takes to become red from sun exposure

Skin can suffer from ______ as a result of being exposed to UVA rays.

photo-aging; skin cancer; DNA damage

UVB rays are characterized by:

shorter, stronger wavelengths

What are the causes of erythema?

cell damage and blood vessel dilation in the dermis

This layer of the atmosphere is responsible for absorbing UVC rays:

ozone layer

High amounts of antioxidants can be found in these foods:

berries and citrus fruits

A family of antioxidants known as polyphenols can be found in:

green tea; red grapes; strawberries and pomegranates

_____ for aesthetic services include(s) contagious diseases.


Lupus is one example of a(n) _____ disease.

autoimmune system

Harsh exfoliating or waxing treatments should always be avoided when clients are taking:

oral steroids

These treatments may trigger an epileptic seizure:

light or electrical treatments

Clients with _______ should not receive electrical treatments.

heart abnormalities or have a pacemaker

You must ask important questions, such as, "What are your skin concerns?" when:

doing a consultation

Asking your client how their skin feels during different parts of the day provides valuable information about what?

oiliness or dryness

Touching the skin with your fingers during a skin analysis helps you to determine whether or not the skin is:


The four components of every skin analysis include:

look; feel; ask and listen

Clients who have obvious skin abnormalities, such as open sores, should be:

referred to a physician

Glycoproteins are especially useful because they:

enhance cellular metabolism



What is the most commonly used cosmetic ingredient?


Dipotassium glycyrrhizate is more commonly known as:

licorice root

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