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Biogeochemical Cycles

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PLAY
Macronutrient
The six elements life needs a lot of to survive. Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Sulfur, Phosphorus, Nitrogen.
Micronutrient
All other 24 elements that life needs a small amount of to survive.
Residence Times
Average time an element is in a resevoir before it goes out to the next one.
Flux/Rate Of Transfer
How much of an element leaves or enters a resevoir in time.
Limiting Factor
Amount of an element that restricts growth.
Evaporation
When liquid water turns into a gas.
Condensation
When gaseous water condenses into a liquid.
Precipitation
When water comes out of the atmosphere to earth in the form of rain, snow, sleet, ect.
Respiration
Breathing out water vapor.
Run-off
Water runs along the ground and into a body of water.
Percolation
Water drips through the ground, cleaning it.
Consumption
Drinking water.
Trnspiration
Plants releasing water through their leaves.
CO2
Carbon Dioxide
C6H12O6
Glucose
CH4
Methane (Natural Gas)
CO3-2 and HCO3-1
Carbonate, Bicarbonate
Photosynthesis
Plants take in sunlight and CO2 to make glucose and O2
Cellular Respiration
Opposite of photosynthesis - Makes CO2
Assimilation/Biosynthesis
Carbohydrates - When you eat something then use it.
Lithification
Formation of rocks.
Decomposition
Bacteria breaks up organic matter and releases carbon into the air.
Coalification
Decomposing organic matter turning into coal, oil or methane.
Combustion
Burning organic material and realeasing H2O and CO2.
Volcanic Eruptions
Molten rocks and gas goes into the air.
Uplifting/Weathering/Erosion
Water erodes rocks and limestone and carries carbon away.
Digestion/Flatulence
Makes CH4.
PO4-3
Phosphate.
N2
Nitrogen Gas.
NO3-1
Nitrate.
NO2-1
Nitrite.
NH3
Amonia.
NH4
Ammonium.
N2O
Nitrous Oxide.
Nitrogen Fixation
Atmospheric N2 is converted to NO3-1 and NH3.
De-Nitrification
Makes N2 again.
Leaching
Water removes dissolved materials in soil by moving downwards.
Ammonification
Decomposing releases NO3-1 into the soil.
Nitrification
NH3 goes to NO3 and NO2
Igneaous Rock
Formed by volcanoes.
Sedimentary Rock
FOrmed by erosion and lithification.
Metamorphic Rock
Formed by intense heat and pressure.