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Arts and Humanities
Terms in this set (27)
- along w one, holy, and apostolic, Catholic is one of the four marks of the church. Catholic means"universal". The church is Catholic in two senses. She is Catholic because Christ is present in her and has given her the fullness of the means of salvation and also because she reaches throughout the world to all people
religious painting traditional among many eastern Christians. Christian iconography expresses in image the same gospel message that the scriptures communicate by words.
a screen or partition with doors and tiers of icons that separates the bema, the raises part of the church with the altar, from the nave, the main part of the church, in Eastern Churches
-to be founded on the 12 apostles
from the Latin tradere meaning "to hand on." Refers to the process of passing on the Gospel Message. It began with the oral communication of the gospel by the apostles, was written down in the scriptures, and is interpreted by the magisterium under the guidance of the Holy Spirit
one who has received the fullness of the sacrament of holy orders and is a successor to the Apostles
of or relating to church
sacrament of holy orders
the sacrament by which members of the church are ordained for permanent ministry in the church as bishops, priests, or deacons.
of or relating to bishops f
the Christian person's activity that fulfills the apostolic nature of the whole church when he or she works to extend the kingdom of Christ to the entire world. If your school shares the wisdom of its founder, it's name sake, or the charism of the religious order that founded it, it is important to learn about this person or order and his or her charism, because as a graduate you will likely want to incorporate this charism into your own apostolate
all members of the church, with the exception of those who are ordained or in consecrated life. The laity shares in christ's Role as priest, prophet, and King, witnessing to god's love and power in the world
How is the church catholic in two senses
First she is Catholic because Christ is present in her. She possesses the fullness of Christ and has received from him the fullness of the means of salvation. Second, she has been sent on a mission by Christ to all people in the world to gather all into the People of God.
what are three free divine gifts the holy spirit has given the church
The means of salvation are free divine gifts given to the Church through the Holy Spirit and include the fullness of faith, the fullness of the Seven Sacraments, and the fullness of the ordained ministry passed down from the Apostles.
how is the church catholic in each of the three distinct meanings of the word church
first reference is to the entire community of God's People around the world; the second reference is to the local community, or diocese; the third reference is to the community assembled for liturgy especially Mass.
why does the church of rome have special authority
special authority among these apostolic churches because two great apostles, peter and paul, had proclaimed the Gospel and were martyred in Rome. The Bishop of Rome is the successor of Peter, who was the leader among the Apostles. When Churches are in communion with Rome they possess the fullness or catholicity of the apostolic faith.
why does the church have a unique relationship with judiasm
because many links bind us together; Jesus himself was Jewish, God revealed himself to the Jewish people through the old covenants, and the Jewish faith is a response to his Revelation. God irrevocably gifted the Jews with the promises, the Law, and the covenants and called them to be his People
what are some beliefs shared by islam and the catholic faith
christians and muslims acknowledge belief in one God
what is the significant difference between the eastern catholic and eastern orthodox churches
Most of the Eastern Churches separated from the Roman Catholic Church as a result of the schism between the Orthodox and Catholic Churches in the eleventh century. As we have seen, the Eastern Orthodox Churches are still not in full communion with the Catholic Church.
identify three ways the practices of eastern catholic churches differ from the latin church
Uses of Icons, An icon-stasis separates the altar from the rest of the church, married men can be ordained
in what three ways is the church apostolic
she was built on the foundation of the Apostles, who lived with and were taught by Jesus.with the help of the HS, the Church preserves and hands on the teaching of the Apostles and their successors. The Church continues to be taught, made holy, and led by the Apostles through their successors, who are the college of bishops, assisted by priests, in union with the Pope, the visible head of the Church
describe how jesus joined the apostles to the mission the father had sent him on
Jesus commissioned his apostles: "As the father has sent me, so I send you". jesus relied on the power of his father and the Apostles relied on the power and authority Jesus gave them to serve in his name and act in his person
define apostolic succession. why is it necessary
is the process by which Christ commanded the Apostles to spread the good news of salvation to all people. the apostles then successors (the bishops) and passed them on to them the authority to teach and interpret the Scriptures and Sacred Tradition they received from Jesus. in this way the bishops and the entire Church, in "her doctrine, life, and worship" proclaim the redemption found in christ-apostolic succession is a source of unity in the church, ensuring the handing on the truths christ taught
how is faith both personal and ecclesial
Faith is a personal act, "the free response of the human person to the initiative of God" (CCC, 166). It is also ecclesial (relating to the Church), in that its source is the Church, who teaches each one of us and supports our faith. Without the Church's careful preservation and teaching of the faith, we would lack a solid foundation for our personal faith.
who is a bishop
A bishop is a priest who receives the fullness of the Sacrament of Holy Orders to become a successor of the Apostles and who is therefore responsible for the Apostolic Tradition. Bishops lead their own dioceses but also join with other bishops, in communion with the Pope, in global responsibility for the Church.
what specific authority did jesus give peter as head of the apostles
Jesus gave Peter the keys to the Kingdom of God, saying that whatever he does on earth—including absolution of sin, decisions about official doctrine, and disciplinary decisions—will be done in Heaven. The power of the keys confers special authority to govern the Church.
what is a vocation that every member of the church shares
to extend the Kingdom of Christ to the entire world
why is christ the source of the apostolate
Christ is the source of the apostolate because our ability to spread the Good News hinges on our relationship with Christ. Anyone who wants to engage in the apostolate must be in union with Christ, primarily through participation in the celebration of the Eucharist.
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