Quran - Which was recorded by Muhammad's followers
What is hegira?
Marks Muhammad's journey from Mecca to Medina
Is Islam monotheistic or polytheistic?
What is the holiest city of Islam?
Name 3 holy cities
Mecca, Medina, Jerusalem
Four prophets of Islam
Abraham, Moses, Jesus, Muhammad
What are the basic beliefs of Islam?
The Five Pillars of Islam
Describe the Five Pillars of Islam
1) Faith-Allah is God and Muhammad is his messenger 2) Prayer- may assemble in a mosque and must face Mecca 3) Alms- giving charity 4) Fasting - Islamic holy month of Ramadan 5) Pilgrimage- hajj to Mecca
How did Islamic culture preserve ancient Greek, Persian, and Indian learning?
By translating texts and writings into Arabic
Architectural achievement of Islam
Dome of the Rock- 1) Islamic Mosque 2) located in Jerusalem 3) Muslims believe this is where Muhammad ascended to heaven
Cultural contributions of Islam
1) Mosaics 2) Arabic alphabet 3) Calligraphy- art of beautiful handwriting 4) Universities- preserved Greek learning
Scientific contributions of Islam
1) Arabic Numerals --adapted from India --included zero 2) Algebra 3) Medicine 4) Increased geographic knowledge ---Islamic traders mapped new areas
Correct order of Islamic dynasties ruled after Muhammad's death