West Lake-Related Words - Detailed List with Characters and English

Names and terms related to the West Lake area of Hangzhou. Check out our Chinese Language Resources page at http://www.chinatravelca.com/faq/chinese-language-resources/.
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西湖
West Lake, freshwater lake west of downtown Hangzhou surrounded on three sides by hills and on one side by the downtown area; featured in many poems and other works of art, it has a long history of cultural significance in China
西湖十景
Ten Scenes of West Lake, an official list of ten poetically named sights and activities around the lake dating back to the Southern Song Dynasty marked by stelae in the calligraphy of the Qing Dynasty Qianlong Emperor, who composed a poem for each scene; there is also an official New Ten Scenes of West Lake list chosen in 1984
南宋
Southern Song Dynasty, 1127-1279 CE
乾隆帝
Qianlong Emperor, Qing Dynasty emperor who ruled China from 1735-1796
西湖新景
New Ten Scenes of West Lake
雷峰塔
Leifeng Pagoda (literally, "Thunder Peak Pagoda"), a tower on Sunset Hill on the southeastern shore of West Lake originally built in 975 CE during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period; Leifeng Pagoda in the Sunset is one of the Ten Scenes of West Lake
夕照山
Sunset Hill
五代十国
Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period, 907-960 CE
雷峰夕照
Leifeng Pagoda in the Sunset, one of the Ten Scenes of West Lake
白蛇传
Legend of the White Snake, a Chinese legend about Madame White Snake, a thousand-year-old white snake who takes on human form and falls in love with a man; because their love is forbidden, she is cast into a deep well at Leifeng Pagoda
白娘子
Madame White Snake (also called Lady White Snake)
净慈寺
Jingci Temple (literally, "Temple of Pure Compassion"), a temple on Nanping Hill near Leifeng Pagoda originally built in 954 CE; Evening Bell Ringing at Nanping Hill, the nightly ringing of the temple's large bronze bell, is one of the Ten Scenes of West Lake
南屏山
Nanping Hill
南屏晚钟
Evening Bell Ringing at Nanping Hill
三潭印月
Three Pools Mirroring the Moon, a group of three small towers in the water south of Lesser Yingzhou Island that emit candlelight on the night of the Mid-Autumn Festival; one of the Ten Scenes of West Lake, it is located in the south-central part of the lake
小瀛洲
Lesser Yingzhou Island
中秋节
Mid-Autumn Festival, harvest festival held during the full moon close to the autumnal equinox
花港观鱼
Red Carp Pond (literally, "Viewing Fish at the Flower Pond"); one of the Ten Scenes of West Lake, it is located on the southwestern shore
柳浪闻莺
Liulang Wenying Park or Orioles Singing in the Willows (more literally, "Listening to Orioles in the Waving Willows"); one of the Ten Scenes of West Lake, it is located on the eastern shore
断桥残雪
Broken Bridge (literally, "Lingering Snow on Broken Bridge"); one of the Ten Scenes of West Lake, it is located on the northeastern shore
保俶塔
Baochu Pagoda, a slender pagoda on Baoshi Hill on the northern shore of West Lake
宝石山
Baoshi Hill (literally, "Precious Stone Hill")
白堤
Bai Causeway, a long dyke and walkway in the northern part of West Lake named after Bai Juyi, who ordered the construction of the original causeway
唐朝
Tang Dynasty, 618-907 CE
白居易
Bai Juyi, renowned Tang Dynasty poet and government official
孤山
Solitary Hill, a large island in the northwestern part of West Lake; connected to the northern shore by Bai Causeway, it is the location of a number of attractions, including the internationally famous restaurant Lou Wai Lou
楼外楼
Lou Wai Lou
苏堤
Su Causeway, a long dyke and walkway in the southwestern part of West Lake named after Su Dongpo, who ordered its construction; Dawn on the Su Causeway in Spring is one of the Ten Scenes of West Lake
苏东坡
Su Dongpo, renowned Song Dynasty poet and government official
苏轼
Su Shi, another name for Su Dongpo
苏堤春晓
Dawn on the Su Causeway in Spring, one of the Ten Scenes of West Lake
宋朝
Song Dynasty, 960-1279 CE
杨公堤
Yanggong Causeway, a long walkway in the western part of West Lake
湖心亭
Mid-Lake Pavilion, pavilion on an island in the middle of West Lake
印象西湖
Impression West Lake, a popular show produced by director Zhang Yimou that is performed on the lake
张艺谋
Zhang Yimou
曲院风荷
Lotuses in the Breeze at the Winding Courtyard, one of the Ten Scenes of West Lake
双峰插云
Twin Peaks Piercing the Clouds, one of the Ten Scenes of West Lake
平湖秋月
Autumn Moon over the Calm Lake, one of the Ten Scenes of West Lake
龙井问茶
Dragon Well Tea Village (literally, "Inquiring About Tea at Dragon Well," its name in the New Ten Scenes of West Lake), the site of the spring from which Dragon Well tea gets its name
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