West Lake-Related Words - Detailed List with Pinyin and English

Names and terms related to the West Lake area of Hangzhou. Check out our Chinese Language Resources page at http://www.chinatravelca.com/faq/chinese-language-resources/.
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Xī Hú
West Lake, freshwater lake west of downtown Hangzhou surrounded on three sides by hills and on one side by the downtown area; featured in many poems and other works of art, it has a long history of cultural significance in China
Xī Hú Shí Jǐng
Ten Scenes of West Lake, an official list of ten poetically named sights and activities around the lake dating back to the Southern Song Dynasty marked by stelae in the calligraphy of the Qing Dynasty Qianlong Emperor, who composed a poem for each scene; there is also an official New Ten Scenes of West Lake list chosen in 1984
Nán Sòng
Southern Song Dynasty, 1127-1279 CE
Qián Lóng Dì
Qianlong Emperor, Qing Dynasty emperor who ruled China from 1735-1796
Xī Hú Xīn Jǐng
New Ten Scenes of West Lake
Léifēng Tǎ
Leifeng Pagoda (literally, "Thunder Peak Pagoda"), a tower on Sunset Hill on the southeastern shore of West Lake originally built in 975 CE during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period; Leifeng Pagoda in the Sunset is one of the Ten Scenes of West Lake
Xīzhào Shān
Sunset Hill
Wǔ Dài Shí Guó
Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period, 907-960 CE
Léifēng Xīzhào
Leifeng Pagoda in the Sunset, one of the Ten Scenes of West Lake
Bái Shé Zhuàn
Legend of the White Snake, a Chinese legend about Madame White Snake, a thousand-year-old white snake who takes on human form and falls in love with a man; because their love is forbidden, she is cast into a deep well at Leifeng Pagoda
Bái Niángzi
Madame White Snake (also called Lady White Snake)
Jìngcí Sì
Jingci Temple (literally, "Temple of Pure Compassion"), a temple on Nanping Hill near Leifeng Pagoda originally built in 954 CE; Evening Bell Ringing at Nanping Hill, the nightly ringing of the temple's large bronze bell, is one of the Ten Scenes of West Lake
Nánpíng Shān
Nanping Hill
Nánpíng Wǎnzhōng
Evening Bell Ringing at Nanping Hill
Sāntán Yìnyuè
Three Pools Mirroring the Moon, a group of three small towers in the water south of Lesser Yingzhou Island that emit candlelight on the night of the Mid-Autumn Festival; one of the Ten Scenes of West Lake, it is located in the south-central part of the lake
Xiǎo Yíngzhōu
Lesser Yingzhou Island
Zhōngqiū Jié
Mid-Autumn Festival, harvest festival held during the full moon close to the autumnal equinox
Huāgǎng Guānyú
Red Carp Pond (literally, "Viewing Fish at the Flower Pond"); one of the Ten Scenes of West Lake, it is located on the southwestern shore
Liǔlàng Wényīng
Liulang Wenying Park or Orioles Singing in the Willows (more literally, "Listening to Orioles in the Waving Willows"); one of the Ten Scenes of West Lake, it is located on the eastern shore
Duànqiáo Cánxuě
Broken Bridge (literally, "Lingering Snow on Broken Bridge"); one of the Ten Scenes of West Lake, it is located on the northeastern shore
Bǎochù Tǎ
Baochu Pagoda, a slender pagoda on Baoshi Hill on the northern shore of West Lake
Bǎoshí Shān
Baoshi Hill (literally, "Precious Stone Hill")
Bái Dī
Bai Causeway, a long dyke and walkway in the northern part of West Lake named after Bai Juyi, who ordered the construction of the original causeway
Táng Cháo
Tang Dynasty, 618-907 CE
Bái Jūyì
Bai Juyi, renowned Tang Dynasty poet and government official
Gū Shān
Solitary Hill, a large island in the northwestern part of West Lake; connected to the northern shore by Bai Causeway, it is the location of a number of attractions, including the internationally famous restaurant Lou Wai Lou
Lóuwàilóu
Lou Wai Lou
Sū Dī
Su Causeway, a long dyke and walkway in the southwestern part of West Lake named after Su Dongpo, who ordered its construction; Dawn on the Su Causeway in Spring is one of the Ten Scenes of West Lake
Sū Dōngpō
Su Dongpo, renowned Song Dynasty poet and government official
Sū Shì
Su Shi, another name for Su Dongpo
Sūdī Chūnxiǎo
Dawn on the Su Causeway in Spring, one of the Ten Scenes of West Lake
Sòng Cháo
Song Dynasty, 960-1279 CE
Yánggōng Dī
Yanggong Causeway, a long walkway in the western part of West Lake
Húxīn Tíng
Mid-Lake Pavilion, pavilion on an island in the middle of West Lake
Yìnxiàng Xī Hú
Impression West Lake, a popular show produced by director Zhang Yimou that is performed on the lake
Zhāng Yìmóu
Zhang Yimou
Qūyuàn Fēnghé
Lotuses in the Breeze at the Winding Courtyard, one of the Ten Scenes of West Lake
Shuāngfēng Chāyún
Twin Peaks Piercing the Clouds, one of the Ten Scenes of West Lake
Pínghú Qiūyuè
Autumn Moon over the Calm Lake, one of the Ten Scenes of West Lake
Lóngjǐng Wèn Chá
Dragon Well Tea Village (literally, "Inquiring About Tea at Dragon Well," its name in the New Ten Scenes of West Lake), the site of the spring from which Dragon Well tea gets its name
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