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401 terms

Full Kaplan SSAT Review Words 2012

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abdicate
to give up a position, right, or power
abduct
to carry, take, or lead away forcefully and wrongfully
abhor
to hate, to view with repugnance, to detest
absurd
ridiculously unreasonable, lacking logic
abyss
deep hole; deep immeasurable space, gulf, or cavity
accelerate
to increase in speed, cause to move faster
acclaim
(n) praise, enthusiastic approval
(v) to approve, to welcome with applause and praise
acute
sharp in some way or sharp in intellect; crucial
adage
old saying proverb
adhere
to stick fast; to hold to
adjourn
to postpone; to suspend for a period of time
adjunct
something or someone associated with another but in a defendant or secondary position
admonish
to scold; to urge to duty, remind; to advise against something
adorn
to decorate or add beauty to, for instance with ornaments; to make pleasing more attractive
adversary
opponent or enemy
aeronautic
relating to aircraft
affable
pleasantly easy to get along with; friendly and warm
affectation
attempt to appear to be what one is not for the purpose of impressing others
aghast
overcome by surprise, disgust or amazement; seized with terror; shocked
agility
condition of being able to move quickly and easily or being mentally alert
agitate
to shake or grow excited; to move around a lot, to disturb or excite emotionally
aimless
lacking purpose or goals
alleviate
to make easier to bear, lessen
allure
fascination, appeal
aloof
distant in relations with other people
altruistic
concerned for the welfare of others
amateur
(n) some one not paid to engage in a hobby, spoor, art, etc.
(adj) like an amateur
amend
to improve; to alter; to add to, or subtract from by formal procedure
amorous
having to do with love
amorphous
lacking a specific shape
amphibian
animal at home both on land and in the water
angular
having clear angles or thin and bony facial features
animosity
feeling of ill will, intense dislike for someone or something
annihilate
to destroy completely
antidote
remedy to relieve the effects of poison
aperture
opening
aqueous
similar to, or composed of water
ardent
characterized by passion or desire
arid
very dry, lacking moisture; unproductive, unimaginative
aroma
pleasing fragrance; any odor or smell
articulate
(adj) well - spoken, lucidly presented
(v) to pronounce clearly
artifice
(1) trickery, clever use
(2) ability to create or imagine
ascertain
to find out or discover by examination
assailable
able to be attacked or assaulted by blows or words
astound
to overwhelm with amazement
astute
shrewd and perceptive; able to understand clearly and quickly
atrocity
horrible act
audacity
boldness or daring, especially with disregard for personal safety
authoritative
having great authority
banal
boringly predictable
banish
to send away, condemn to exile; drive or put away
barrier
anything that makes progress harder or impossible; a limit or boundary
beguile
to delude, deceive by trickery
belligerence
aggressive hostility
benefactor
someone giving financial or general assistance
beneficial
advantageous, helpful, conferring benefit
benevolence
inclination to do good deeds
bewildered
completely confused or puzzled, perplexed
bias
(n) prejudice, particular tendency
(v) to cause prejudice in; to influence unfairly
bile
ill temper, irritability
bliss
supreme happiness, utter joy or contentment; heaven, paradise
boisterous
loud and unrestrained
botanist
scientist specializing in study of plants
bounty
generosity in giving; reward
bravado
show and pretentious display of courage
brevity
state of being brief, of not lasting a long time
brig
ship's prison
burnish
(1) to make shiny by rubbing, as with a cloth
(2) shininess produced by burnishing
cache
hiding place for treasures, etc.; anything in such a hiding place
cajole
to wheedle, persuade with promises or flattery, coax
camouflage
(n) disguise worn in order to deceive an enemy; for instance, uniforms the color of trees and dirt
(v) to deceive by means of camouflage
candor
frankness and sincerity; fairness
canine
relating to dogs
cantankerous
quarrelsome and grouchy
caprice
sudden, unpredictable change
cascade
(n) waterfall, as in type of fireworks resembling a waterfall
(v) to fall like cascade
catastrophe
disastrous event
celestial
relating to the heavens
censor
to remove material from books, plays, magazines, etc. for moral, political, or religious reasons
chasm
gorge or deep canyon
choleric
bad-tempered
choreographer
person creating and arranging dances for stage performances
chorus
group acting together
chronic
continuing over a long period of time, long-standing
circumscribe
to encircle with a line; to limit in any way
collision
crash, clash, or conflict
communicative
talkative and likely to communicate
compassion
deep feeling of pity or sympathy for others
compel
to force someone or something to act
competent
having enough skill for some purpose; adequate but not exceptional
concise
brief and compact
condone
to pardon, to forgive, overlook
confidential
done secretly or in confidence
constrict
to squeeze, make tighter
contemplation
thoughtful observation
contend
to fight or struggle against; to debate
contentious
eager to quarrel
convene
to assemble or meet
conventional
established or approved by general usage
copious
abundant, large in number or quantity, plentiful
countenance
(n) face or facial expression, or the general appearance or behavior of something or someone
(v) to approve or support
couplet
unit of poetry with two rhyming lines
courier
person who carries messages, news, or information
cue
hint or guiding suggestion
curvature
state of being curved
dawdle
to waste time with idle lingering
deadlock
standoff caused by opposition of two conflicting forces
dearth
scarcity, lack
debris
charred or spoiled remains of something that has been destroyed
decade
period of ten years
deceit
deception or tricky falseness
deceive
to delude or mislead
declamation
exercise in speech giving; attack or protest
deficient
defective, insufficient, or inadequate
dehydrate
to remove water from
dejected
depress, sad
delude
to deceive, to mislead
deluge
(n) flood, large overflowing of water; too much of anything
(v) to overflow, to inundate, to flood
demote
to reduce to a lower grade or class
desolation
condition of being deserted and destroyed
despicable
deserving contempt
despondent
in a state of depression
destitute
bereft, without or left without; poor
devastate
to lay waste, make desolate; to overwhelm
devotee
someone passionately devoted
devout
deeply religious
dexterity
skill in using the hands or body, agility; cleverness
diminish
to become or to make smaller in size, number, or degree
din
loud, confused noise
dingy
dark or drab in colour; dirty, shabby, squalid
diplomatic
tactful; skilled in the art of conducting negotiations and other relations between nations
disclaim
to deny ownership of or association with
discursive
covering a wide area or digressing from a topic
dismal
causing gloom; cheerless
dispute
(n) argument or quarrel
(v) to argue or quarrel
disseminate
to scatter or spread widely
divert
(1) to change the course of
(2) to draw someone's attention by amusing them
doff
to remove or take off, as clothing
dogged
persistent in effort; stubbornly tenacious
dogmatic
asserting without proof; stating opinion as if it are in fact a definite and forceful manner
doze
to nap or sleep lightly
dungeon
underground room
ebullient
overflowing with fervour, enthusiasm, or excitement; high-spirited
eccentric
(n) person who differs from the accepted norms in an odd way
(adj.) deviating from accepted conduct
ecstatic
deliriously overjoyed
eddy
small whirlpool or any similar current
effect
(n) result, impression
(v) to produce, make or bring about
elusive
hard to find or express
embellish
to add detail, make more complicated
eminent
distinguished, high in rank or station
emulate
to imitate or copy
enact
to make into law
encompass
to form a circle or a ring around
endorse
to approve, sustain, support
enigma
mystery or riddle
enigmatic
unexplainable, mysterious
ensnare
to capture in, or involve, as in a snare
entice
to lure or attract by feeding desires
entourage
group of followers, attendants, or assistants
era
period of time
err
to make a mistake
erudite
knowledgeable and learned
essential
of the innermost nature of something; basic, fundamental; of great importance
etiquette
code of social behaviour
evacuate
to empty out, remove, or withdraw
exotic
of foreign origin or character; strange, exciting
expand
make greater, broader, larger, or more detail
expunge
to delete or omit completely
extraction
process of removal or something removed
extricate
to release from difficulty or an entanglement
extroverted
outgoing or interested in people
fanatic
someone with excessive enthusiasm, especially in politics or religion
fatal
causing or capable of causing, death or ruin
fatigue
(v) to exhaust the strength of
(n) weariness, tiredness from exertion
fauna
animals of a given area
felicity
happiness, bliss
ferocious
savage and fierce
fervent
showing great warmth intensity, feeling, enthusiasm; hot burning glow
fickle
easily changeable, especially in emotions
fidelity
faithfulness to duties; truthfulness
finale
the final part of some entertainment, often music
flagrant
outrageous glaring, noticeable, or evident; notorious, scandalous
flippant
not serious, playful; irreverent
flow
to move along in a stream or like a stream; to proceed continuously
foretell
to predict the future
formidable
able to inspire awe or wonder because of outstanding power, size, etc
foundation
basis or ground work of anything, whether a building or idea
fragile
easily broken or damaged
frequent
(adj.) happening or occurring at short intervals
(v) to visit often
futile
ineffective, useless; unimportant
garrulous
talkative and likely to chatter
germinate
to bud or sprout
glee
joy, pleasure, happiness
glib
able to speak profusely; having a ready flow of words
gregarious
found of company
grotesque
odd or unnatural in some way
grovel
to humble oneself, to beg
gruesom
grisly, horrible
hallowed
regarded as holy; sacred
harbinger
omen, precursor, forerunner
harsh
stern or cruel; physically uncomfortable; unpleasant to the ear
hasty
done quickly; rushed, sloppy
heed
(n) careful attention, notice, observation
(v) to listen to and obey
herbivorous
feeding on plants
heterogeneous
not uniform; made up of different parts that remain separate
hexagon
polygon having six sides
hibernate
to spend winter in a sleep like, dorment state
hive
structure where bee live
horrid
something that causes horror, or is at least pretty bad
hovel
small, miserable shack
humid
moist or damp
ignite
to set on fire; to stir emotionally
illiteracy
inability to read and write
immaculate
spotless; free from error
imminent
about to happen, on the verge of occurring
immortal
undying
impasse
(1) road having no exit
(2) a dilemma with no solution
impervious
incapable of being penetrated; unable to be influenced
impious
lacking piety or respect for religion
imply
to suggest without stating directly
inadvertent
unintentional
incentive
motivation or drive to do a particular task or to go in a given direction
incredulous
not believing
indicate
to point out or make known with a great degree of certainty
inert
having no power to move or act; resisting motion or action
infectious
able to be passed from one person to another (such as an infection) ; contagious
ingenious
possessing or displaying great creativity and resourcefulness
ingenuity
inventive skill or cleverness
inhabit
to reside or live in
innate
present at birth
innocent
pure, not guilty; someone with the simplicity of a baby
insinuation
devious hint or sly suggestion made to cause suspicion or doubts
insomnia
inability to fall sleep
insurgent
(n) rebel
(adj.) rising in revolt, starting a revolution
irate
full of anger, wrathful, incensed
jeer
(n) taunting remark
(v) to mock in an abusive way
jubilant
feeling joy or happiness
judicious
having wise judgment
kinetic
relating to motion
lagoon
shallow body of water connected to a much larger one, as a lake or sea
lenient
merciful, not strict
lethargy
drowsiness, tiredness, inability to do anything much
limber
bending and moving easily
lunge
to thrust something forward
magnanimous
having a great and nobel spirit, acting generously, patiently, or kindly
malfunction
(n) an instance of failing to function
(v) to fail to function
malleable
can be molded or shaped
mar
to damage something and make it imperfect
marvel
(n) amazing thing; something astonishing or marvellous
(v) to be surprised or full of wonder
meager
very small or insufficient
meek
humble and submissive
melancholy
very sad or depressing
meteorologist
scientist dealing with weather and weather conditions
mimic
imitate, copy
minuscule
tiny, miniature
misbegotten
poorly conceived, poorly planned, based on false assumptions or false reasoning
mourn
feel sad for, regret
murky
dark, dim
nauseous
sickening, makes you feel sick, or turns your stomach
nebulous
hazy, not well-defined
nimble
quick and agile in movement or thought
nomad
someone who has no permanent home and wanders
notify
to tell, let know, give notice
obese
very fat
obnoxious
offensive and very disagreeable
obscure
(adj.) hard to see; unknown, uncertain
(v) to hide or make difficult to find
observation
(1) examination
(2) remark, comment
obsolete
no longer in use; discarded or outmoded
obstinate
stubborn
obstruct
to get in the way of; to block; to hamper
obtuse
not acute; someone who is not smart; thick, dull
olfactory
relating to the sense of smell
ominous
threatening, menacing, having the character of an evil omen
opportune
appropriate to time or circumstances: timely, lucky
option
choice, selection, preference
orbit
(v) to move around some object, as a planet; to circle
(n) the actual route the thing takes when it goes around the other thing as in the orbit of the moon around the earth
orchid
purple
ostentatious
pretentious and flashy
palatable
good tasting
paradox
contradiction, something that doesn't fit; something that shouldn't be true because it seems to offend common sense, yet is true anyway
passive
not active; someone who let things happen rather than himself taking action
peddle
sell
pedestrian
(adj) common, everyday, usually
(n) one who does not ride but walks
perjury
making deliberately false statements when under oath
persevere
to continue in some course of action despite setbacks and opposition
petrify
to turn to stone; to paralyze with fear or with surprise
pious
religious devout or moral
plagiarism
copying of someone else's work and claiming it as your own
plausible
seeming to be true
pompous
characterized by stiff, unnatural formality
procrastinate
to postpone; to put something off to a later time
profound
deep, wise, serious
prolific
producing great amounts; fertile
propel
to move, make something go forward
prophesy
to predict the future using divine guidance
pungent
sharp, flavorful
pursue
to chase, go after
quell
to quiet something raucous; crash, defeat, conquer
quench
to satisfy a need or desire
rabble
large, disorderly, and easily excited mob
rabid
(1) affected with rabies, a disease of the nervous system that caused convulsions and wildly irrational behaviour
(2) acting fanatically or madly, as if afflicted by rabies
rancor
bad feeling, bitterness
random
lacking order, free from order or bias
ransack
to search thoroughly and messily
ratify
to approve formally
ravenous
(1) wildly eager to eat
(2) hungry for anything
raze
to destroy utterly
recluse
someone who lives far away from other people
recur
to return; to occur again
reek
(1) giving off a strong offensive odor; strong smell
(2) to be pervaded by something unpleasant
refrain
to stop or avoid doing something, quit
regal
royal, splendid
reign
rule over, govern, dominate
reimburse
to repay someone for their expenses
reinforce
strengthen, add to
reminiscence
memory or act of recalling the past
renowned
well-known, famous, celebrated
repartee
witty conversation, retort
repudiate
to reject what one was once associated with
repugnant
something gross, repulsive, or revolting
residue
something that remain after a part is taken
reveal
show, divulge, expose
revel
celebrate noisily, have a party
rout
conquer, defeat and chase off
satellite
moon, a small thing going around a bigger thing
saturate
to fill something to the point where it can hold no more
saucy
impudent, impertinent, flippant
savor
to enjoy something with relish or delight
scald
burn with hot liquid or steam
scarce
rare, uncommon
scathing
overly critical
schism
division or separation between groups of members within an organization
scrupulous
(1) acting in accordance with a strict moral code
(2) through in the performance of a task
secure
(v) to fasten, make secure
(adj.) well-fastened, not likely to fall or come loose
seethe
to heave or bubble from great inner turmoil, as a volcano; to boil
sentry
guard, sentinel, watchman
sequel
addition or result; story that continues a previous one
shrewd
clever, keen-sitted, cunning, sharp in particular affairs
significant
meaningful, important, relevant
sinister
threatening, evil, menacing
slack
(n) lack of tautness or tension; a time of little activity or dullness
(adj.) sluggish, idle, barely moving, loose, relaxed
sociable
friendly, companionable
solicit
(1) to seek from another
(2) to make a request of someone
specify
to mention, name or require specifically or exactly
splice
to join, bind, attach; in film editing, to join two pieces of film
spurn
reject with scorn, turn away
squalid
very dirty or foul; wretched
squander
to waste on some worthless purchase or practice
staunch
steady, loyal
stealthy
sneaky, secret
stress
emphasize, point out
suave
smooth, graceful, and confident in speech and behavior
subdue
to bring under control; to decrease the intensity of
succeed
(1) to follow, come after
(2) to prosper, do well
succumb
to give in, to submit
suffice
to be adequate or enough
summit
highest level or point
superb
wonderful, superior, excellent
suppress
crush, hold in, hide
surfeit
overly abundant supply, an excess
surmise
(v) to guess, to infer
(n) instance of surmising
surrogate
person or thing substituted for another
susceptible
vulnerable, liable to be affected by something
suspense
fear or anticipating of waiting for something; something having to do with fear or mystery, as in a suspense novel
synopsis
short summary, out line
taciturn
quiet, tending not to speak
tactful
acting with sensitivity to others' feelings
taint
to poison, as a drink; to corrupt, as a person
tamper
bother, interfere, meddle
tangible
can be felt by touching; having actual substance
taut
stretched tightly; tense
temperate
(1) denying oneself too much pleasure; avoiding extreme positions, moderate, sensible
(2) a mild climate
tenacious
steadily pursuing a goal, unwilling to give up; stubborn
tepid
(1) neither hot nor cold
(2) lacking character or spirit, bland
terminate
to stop, end
terse
concise, brief, using few words
tether
(n) chain or rope tied to an animal to keep it within specific bounds
(v) to fisten or confine
token
(n) sign or symbol
(adj) existing in name or appearance only, without depth, or significance
torrid
extremely hot, scorching
trepidation
fear, apprehension
trite
lacking originality, inspiration, and interest
tumult
noise and confusion
tyranny
harsh exercise of absolute power
ultimate
making the highest point; cannot be improved upon; final
unanimous
approved by everyone concerned
unkempt
messily, sloppily maintained
usurp
to seize, take by force
vacate
leave
vacuous
silly, empty-headed, not serious
vague
not clear or certain
vehement
with deep feeling
vend
to sell goods
vex
to irritate to a great degree, to annoy
vitalize
make something come alive
vivacious
lively, full of spirit
wan
unnaturally pale, lacking color
wantonly
without a reason
wrath
extreme anger
wretched
miserable, pathetic
writhe
to squirm or twist as if in pain
zealous
enthusiastic, eager