the Carolingians continued to rule the western frankish kingdom until 987, when the title of king was seized by one of the powerful nobles, Hugh Capet, count of paris. The transformation of the realm from a feudal state to a national monarchy was a very gradual, since the nobles of the realm were often stronger than the kings and were unwilling to give up their power and privileges. Philip was able to challenge his most powerful and menacing vassals, the Angevins. Yet Philip succeeded in his objective of making the Capetians the dominant family in france. Louis was a very active king, committed to reularizing the system of justice in his realm, and he participated in the Crusades.
Philip IV kown as the Fair, also strengthened the french monarchy. He used his enhanced royal power to crush his enemies, including Pope Boniface VIII. Philip's reign was preoccupied with measures to raise money. He destroyed the knights templar, a military monastic order founded during the crusades. He expelled the Jews from France and debased the currency. He called the first meeting of the Estates-general which was composed of the three orders (clergy, nobles and burghers) and received their support.