CH1 Japan in World Perspective

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Here is chapter 1 terms for the mid-term


is a social pattern that consists of loosely linked individuals


is a social pattern consisting of closely linked individuals

High-context Communication

is communication in which most of the information is either in the physical context or internalized into the person.


Love, marriage


females seeking arranged marriages


business card


modesty and self-restraint


sensitivity and guesswork

Samurai metephor

Lord and Vassal relationship; total devotion to lord who may dispense gifts.

Iemoto metephor

(the start of lineage) Hiearchial order based on devotion to its founder.

Shyness of the Japanese

desirable behavior in Japan, not physical unlike chinese

Clannishness of the Japanese

silent until part of "in-group"

Pragmatism of Japanese

less verbal, more active;


Cheif of household


Subbordinate branches

5 minorities in Japan

The Ainu, Koreans, Burakumin, Okinawans, and Chinese.


Village Dwellers (ranking: Samurai,Farmers,Carpenters,Business People)




European frames of reference to non-european behavior.


European frames of references to European behavior

interpersonal double standard

own behavior situational;

Intercultural double standard

favors own in group over the other groups

international double standard

favors own nature over the others


reducing complexity to 1 or 2 obvious characterisitcs (generalizing)


behavior must be assessed in the context of the culture in which the behavior occurs


The process by which individuals adapt to their culture and assimilate its values.


a mental framework for organizing information into meaningful wholes.

Mysterious Orient(al) schema

a set of beliefs or group schema's that forms as a basis for Western Culture bearers perception about persons of Asian oragin.

Fundamental attribution error

underestimate siuational factors when observing others

Trait and situation

assigning cause due to a trait (internal brain) vs. situational (external)

Disease and condition

harmful societal condition;

Stereotype and reasonable generalizaions

inherintly inacurate/ true exaggerated image of group characteristics.

Target group

subject of the stereotype (social, racial, or ethnic group)


fixed ways of viewing the world based on experience


public behaviors


priavate behaviors


theories of japaneseness

Shimaguni sentiment

view that japan is both small and an island country

Report talk

males are more informationally oriented

Rapport talk

females are socially oriented

5 Kinship terms

Ojiisan(grandmother), Ojisan(male/father), Obasan(woman/mother), oneesan(oldersister), Imoto (younger sister)

Kono aido arigato

Expression of appreciation


is the inside or the in-group


is the outside or the out-group

5 japanese names suffices for address

Sensei, Kun, San, Chan, Sama


(Back-channeling) verbal, vocal, nonverbal repsonses by the listener to show his or her attention and to encourage the speaker to continue.


Social drinking


Communication through drinking


speach level (depending on social status) "respect language"

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