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49 terms

CH1 Japan in World Perspective

Here is chapter 1 terms for the mid-term
STUDY
PLAY
Individualism
is a social pattern that consists of loosely linked individuals
Collectivisim
is a social pattern consisting of closely linked individuals
High-context Communication
is communication in which most of the information is either in the physical context or internalized into the person.
Renai
Love, marriage
Omnai
females seeking arranged marriages
Meishi
business card
Enryo
modesty and self-restraint
Sasshi
sensitivity and guesswork
Samurai metephor
Lord and Vassal relationship; total devotion to lord who may dispense gifts.
Iemoto metephor
(the start of lineage) Hiearchial order based on devotion to its founder.
Shyness of the Japanese
desirable behavior in Japan, not physical unlike chinese
Clannishness of the Japanese
silent until part of "in-group"
Pragmatism of Japanese
less verbal, more active;
Honke
Cheif of household
Bunke
Subbordinate branches
5 minorities in Japan
The Ainu, Koreans, Burakumin, Okinawans, and Chinese.
Burakumin
Village Dwellers (ranking: Samurai,Farmers,Carpenters,Business People)
Gaijin
foreigner
Ethnocentrism
European frames of reference to non-european behavior.
Eurocentricity
European frames of references to European behavior
interpersonal double standard
own behavior situational;
Intercultural double standard
favors own in group over the other groups
international double standard
favors own nature over the others
Reductionism
reducing complexity to 1 or 2 obvious characterisitcs (generalizing)
contextualism
behavior must be assessed in the context of the culture in which the behavior occurs
Enculturation
The process by which individuals adapt to their culture and assimilate its values.
Schema
a mental framework for organizing information into meaningful wholes.
Mysterious Orient(al) schema
a set of beliefs or group schema's that forms as a basis for Western Culture bearers perception about persons of Asian oragin.
Fundamental attribution error
underestimate siuational factors when observing others
Trait and situation
assigning cause due to a trait (internal brain) vs. situational (external)
Disease and condition
harmful societal condition;
Stereotype and reasonable generalizaions
inherintly inacurate/ true exaggerated image of group characteristics.
Target group
subject of the stereotype (social, racial, or ethnic group)
mindsets
fixed ways of viewing the world based on experience
Tatemae
public behaviors
honne
priavate behaviors
nihonjinron
theories of japaneseness
Shimaguni sentiment
view that japan is both small and an island country
Report talk
males are more informationally oriented
Rapport talk
females are socially oriented
5 Kinship terms
Ojiisan(grandmother), Ojisan(male/father), Obasan(woman/mother), oneesan(oldersister), Imoto (younger sister)
Kono aido arigato
Expression of appreciation
Uchi
is the inside or the in-group
Soto
is the outside or the out-group
5 japanese names suffices for address
Sensei, Kun, San, Chan, Sama
Aizuchi
(Back-channeling) verbal, vocal, nonverbal repsonses by the listener to show his or her attention and to encourage the speaker to continue.
Tsukiai
Social drinking
Nominication
Communication through drinking
Keigo
speach level (depending on social status) "respect language"