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The Enjoyment of Music Chapters 25-31

The system in which the aristocracy sponsored musicians is called:


The solo concerto is:

- an instrumental work, usually in three movements, that features one performer supported by an accompanying group of instruments

(T/F) Baroque composers, like their Renaissance counterparts, generally did not specify instrumentation.


Bach's last demonstration of contrapuntal mastery was:

The Art of Fugue

A short, repeated musical pattern is called:

an ostinato

The form of the opening movement of Spring from The Four Seasons is

ritornello form

The Classical period in music ranged from approximately:

1750 to 1825

In music compositions, a theme is:

a musical idea that is used as a building block thoughout the composition

Of the following, which describes musical life in the Classical era?

The rise of public performances gave composers new venues to perform their works

A keyboard instrument in which the strings are plucked by quills is:

the harpsichord

Which role in musical life was the only socially acceptable role for eighteenth-century women wanting a career in music?


Which of the following is a well-known set of concertos by Vivaldi?

The Four Seasons

The solo group in a concerto grosso is called:

the concertino

Which of the following is a likely combination of instruments in a trio sonata?

two violins, cello, and harpsichord

(T/F) The American Declaration of Independence reflects the intellectual climate of the Classical era.


(T/F) The expansion and reworking of a theme within a composition is called thematic development.


The Baroque composer who wrote over five hundred keyboard sonatas whose structure led to the development of sonata-allegro form was:

(not) Bach.

The sonata da camera of the Baroque was intended to:

(not) be performed in church.
be performed at home.
depict a particular scene in each movement.
none of the above.

Who was the greatest and most prolific Italian composer of concertos?


(T/F) Despite the intellectual attitudes in the Classical era, few significant advances were made in the sciences.


Repeating a motive at a higher or lower pitch level is called:

a sequence.

(T/F) The term trio sonata refers to the number of parts, or musical lines, rather than the number of players.


The famous four-note figure at the beginning of Beethoven's Symphony No. 5 is best described as:

a motive

The harpsichord is different from the piano because:

it usually has two keyboards, rather than one.
(not) its strings are plucked, rather than struck.
it is not capable of a wide dynamic range.
all of the above.

(T/F) A fugue is a contrapuntal (polyphonic texture)
composition in which a single subject is the focal point, thus unifying the work.


(T/F) Music of the Classical era is characterized by lyrical, singable melodies.


(T/F) Eighteenth-century thinkers and artists turned away from the idealized civilization of the Greeks and Romans and embraced the realism of the Middle Ages.


(T/F) Some women achieved fame during the eighteenth century as opera singers and as solo instrumentalists.


How many players are generally necessary to perform a trio sonata?


Which of the following characterizes the operas of Gluck?

choral scenes
animated ensembles

(T/F) Stradivarius was a famous Baroque violin maker each of whose instruments are worth millions of dollars today.


A melody composed with a symmetrical four-bar phrase structure delineated by cadences is characteristic of the ____________ period.


The first era of Western music in which instrumental music was as important as vocal music was the:

Baroque era

(T/F) Improvisation is important to some Baroque music, jazz, Asian and Middle Eastern music.


In the slow movement of Spring from The Four Seasons, Vivaldi evokes a dog barking through:

trills and running scales.
fast staccato notes
(not) a folk dance.
an ostinato rhythm.

(T/F) During the Baroque Period, the clavichord was a popular instrument for the home.


The solo instrument in Spring from The Four Seasons is:

the violin

Vivaldi was known as "the red priest" for:

the color of his hair

The accompanying group in a concerto grosso is called:

the ripieno

Which best describes the lyrical melodies of the Classical period?

conjunct, diatonic, and singable

Who composed the Brandenburg Concertos?


(T/F) The Classical period has been called the Age of Reason.


Vivaldi's music students at the Conservatorio del'Ospedale della Pietà were:

young women

Which of the following is noted as a reformer of eighteenth-century opera?


A theme may be fragmented by dividing it into smaller units called:


The concept of rhythmic regularity suggests:

strong rhythms, moving at a steady tempo

The sonata da camera was based on:

dance movements

(T/F) In the eighteenth century, composers were viewed as equals to the highest level of society.


The instrumental form based on the contrast of two dissimilar masses of sound is called:

the concerto.

Interest in Greek and Roman antiquity during the eighteenth century greatly influenced:


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