Chapter 4 Film Appreciation
Terms in this set (49)
A cinematic structure in which filmmakers have selected and arranged events in cause-and-effect sequence occurring over time
A fiction film, as opposed to other movies modes, such as documentary or experimental
The act of telling the story
Who or what tells the story
In every movie, the camera is this
First Person Narrator
typically a voice-over by may address the audience directly
Third Person Narrator
A voice imposed form outside the narrative
Has unrestricted access to all aspects of the narrative and characters as well as information that no character knows
Information limited to the knowledge of a single character
More lifelike, with complex personalities that may change as the story progresses
Few distinct traits and do not change significantly as the story progresses
Most of these can be broken down into beginning, middle, and end
Creates the movie's story and writes the screenplay in its various stages either from scratch or by adapting another source. It also builds the narrative structure and devises characters, action, dialogue, and settings. Adheres to a precisely prescribed format so that each page equals one minute of screen time.
What we see and hear on the screen that comes from inside the world of the story
What we see and hear on the screen that comes from outside the world of the story
All of the explicit and implicit narrative events in this and the diegesis, or total world in which the this occurs
The specific actions and events and the order in which the events are arranged to convey the narrative to the viewer, including the nondeigetic elements
A fundamental decision filmmakers make about how to relay story information
Happen in a logical order and their relative significance to the story defines them as either major or minor
The length of time it takes for things to occur.
The length of time the implied story takes to occur
The elapsed time of events explicitly presented in the film take to occur
The movie's running time on screen
Provides background information on the characters, setting, and basic conflict. Ends with an inciting moment that sets the rest of the narrative in motion
Taken unaware, can be shocked
Anxiety brought on by partial uncertainty or even knowing what is going to happen
The number of times a story elements recurs in a narrative plot
An audio or visual image that a director periodically repeats in a movie to stabilize its narrative
The place in which the story occurs
The overall range, in time and place, of a movie's story
Voice Over Narration
Narration heard concurrently and over a scene but not synchronized to any character who may be talking on the screen.
A form of narration in which an on-screen character looks and speaks directly to the audience.
An essential element of film narrative; any of the beings who play functional roles within the plot, either acting or being acted on.
A narratively significant objective pursued by the protagonist
An outwardly unsympathetic protagonist pursuing a morally objectionable or otherwise undesirable goal. (page 129)
Events, circumstances, and actions that impede a protagonist's pursuit of the goal.
In a narrative screenplay, the state of the character and setting before the inciting incident.
The event or situation during the exposition stage of the narrative that sets the rest of the narrative in motion. Also known as the inciting incident. (page 132)
The character, creature, or force that obstructs or resists the protagonist's pursuit of their goal. (page 133)
In a conventional narrative, that which is at risk as a consequence of the protagonist's pursuit of the goal. (page 134)
The development of the action of the narrative toward a climax.
A critical turning point in a story in which the protagonist must engage a seemingly insurmountable obstacle.
The highest point of conflict in a conventional narrative; the protagonist's ultimate attempt to attain the goal.
The concluding narrative events that follow the climax and celebrate or otherwise reflect upon story outcomes. (page 136)
A fictional history behind the cinematic narrative that is presented onscreen. Elements of the backstory can be hinted at in a movie, presented through narration, or not revealed at all.
A time relationship in which screen duration is shorter than plot duration. Compare real time and stretch relationship. (page 150)
The actual time during which something takes place. In this, screen duration and plot duration are exactly the same.
A time relationship in which screen duration is longer than plot duration.
The passage of time within a movie, as conveyed and manipulated by editing.