Abnormal condition of protein (albumin) in the urine
abnormal condition of no urine
Abnormal condition of glucose int he urine
Abnormal condition of blood in the urine
Stones in the kidney
Kidneys stop functioning and do not produce urine
High levels of urea in the blood
nitrogenous waste material
Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN)
BUN: measures level of urea in blood
Visual examination of the urinary bladder with an endoscope
Kidneys, Ureters, baldder (KUB)
KUB: X-ray of kidneys and urinary tract without contrast material
RP: Contrast material is injected via a catheter into the the urethra and bladder, X-rays are taken of the urethra, bladder and ureters
VCUG: Bladder is filled with a contrast material and X-rays are taken while expelling urine. Also called cystography
X-rays of the urinary tract using contrast material, pyelography
Complete seperation of waste from the blood when the kidneys fail
use of a kidney machine to filter blood to remove waste material
process of removing waste from the blood by introducing a special fluid into the abdomen. waste passes into the fluid and the fluid is then drained from the body
Shock waves are beamed into a patient to crush urinary tract stones
Extracorporeal schock wave lithotripsy
donor kidney is transferred to a recipient
Catheter is passed through the urethra and into the bladder for short term or long term drainage of urine
Blood urea nitrogen test
Continuous Ambulatory peritoneal Dialysis
Chronic renal failure, progressive loss of kidney function
Kidneys, ureters, bladder (X-ray without contrast)
Urinary Tract Infection
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