72 terms

Latin America

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Che Guevara
An Argentine Marxist revolutionary, physician, author, guerrilla leader, diplomat, and military theorist; the ideal Latin American
Raul Castro
Fidel's brother who was a rebel commander
Fidel Castro
A Cuban politician and revolutionary who governed the Republic of Cuba as its Prime Minister, and then later on as the President.
Cuban Missile Crisis
A 13-day confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union concerning Soviet ballistic missiles deployment in Cuba.
Bay of Pigs Invasion
A failed military invasion of Cuba undertaken by the CIA-sponsored paramilitary group Brigade 2506 on 17 April 1961.
Literacy rates in Cuba
99.7%
Atahualpa
Last independent Incan emperor who defeated his half-brother Huascar and was captured by the Spaniards.
Huascar
was the Incan emperor until 1532 A.D. when his half brother defeated him and took over.
Viracocha
The supreme god of the Incas
Quito
northernmost point of the Inca empire
Cuzco
capital of the Inca empire
Ahu
stone platforms on which the moai stand
Moai
stone statues found on Easter Island
Inti
Sun god of the Inca
Favela
low-income community found outside large metropolitan areas in Latin America.
Paladar
family-owned restaurant found in Cuba
Immigration
the movement of an individual into another's country
Emigration
the "exiting" of an individual from one's country
Quechua
language of the Inca
Inflation
a decrease in the value of money
Deflation
an increase in the value of money
Adam Smith
economist/philosopher who greatly dislike mercantilism
Mercantilism
an economic system attempting to achieve a favorable balance of trade
GDP
form of measurement used to identify a country's wealth
Quasi Democracy
a democracy with limited freedoms and a strong, central authoritative figure.
Liberal Democracy
ideally the type of government found in the U.S.
Social Democracy
democracy that involves some government programing
Gauchos
Latin American cowboy
Deforestation
cause of the downfall of the advanced civilization found on Easter Island
Banana Republic
Weak Latin American government
OAS
Organization of American States
SOA
School of the Americas; U.S. attempt to oust "leftist" regimes in Latin America.
Pena Nieto
President of Mexico
NAFTA
Trade agreement between Canada, the U.S., and Mexico; North Atlantic Free Trade Agreement
Nativism
Belief in that those born in one country deserve more rights than an immigrant to that country.
Sao Paolo
Largest city in South America
Venezuela
Latin American nation with an extremely high inflation rate due to the decreasing price of oil
"Invisible Hand"
Adam Smith's terminology for supply and demand
Service
Largest economic sector for most Latin American countries
Aronson
Author of the book, Race
Jane Elliot
Teacher who tried to simulate the discrimination of the American social system by giving advantages to brown and green-eyed students while taking privileges away from blue-eyed students.
Munduruku
Amazonian group highlighted in the book of Race; they use the word "pariwat" to describe those that are different from them.
Englightenment
Time period in European history when people turned to science from theology to explain phenomenon including racial differences
Boleadoras
Laso-like instrument used by the gauchos of Argentina
Hacienda
Latin American cattle ranch
Peon
Derogatory Latin American term for an unskilled laborer
Brazil
The world's largest cattle industry can be found here.
Metis
A combination of French and Amerindian cultures
Mestizo
A combination of Spanish and Amerindian cultures
Indirect democracy
A form of democracy in which citizens elect officials to make votes for them
Direct democracy
A form of democracy in which citizens cast votes and participate in all forms of legislation
Portugal and Spain
Two European countries who had the most influence over cultural development (via colonization) in Latin America
Bolivia
Location of Che Guevara's death; he was shot by CIA-backed rangers.
Free Education and Free Health Care
Two social programs in Cuba that the Cuban people do not want to give up; consequently, the Cubans dislike capitalism and democracy.
Polynesian
The original inhabitants of Easter Island were assumed to be of this ethnicity.
Altiplano
Plateau
Cordillera
Mountain chain
Selvas
Rain forest
Tierra del Fuego
Land of Fire
Lake Titicaca
Supposed birthplace of the Inca people; highest navigable lake in the world
Para
River
32
Consumption factor of the average American
Methane
Worst of the greenhouse gasses; produced by cattle flatulence
Time
Magic of the washing machine?
Cajamarca
Location in which the Spanish conquistadors were able to take Atahualpa captive
Jared Diamond
Author of Guns, Germs, and Steel
Printing Press
Pizarro's library was described as "an expository of dirty tricks" by Jared Diamond. This library was made possibly by what invention?
Cold War
Conflict between the U.S. and Russia in which no actual fighting took place
Cuba
Location of Russian missile sites during the Cold War; provoked extreme tension between the U.S. and Russia - some thought it was the end of the world.
Lago
Lake
Geographical Luck
Diamond's explanation for the Spanish conquest of the Inca
Deforestation
Diamond's explanation for the destruction of the civilization at Easter Island