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Chapter 4

Alternative therapies

out of main stream of traditional or conventional health care.

Congregational health care

or parish nursing. has increased in the last 20 years in both rural and urban areas.

Culteral healers

people within a culture who use traditional remedies.


mexican-american folk healing. Underlying concept is spiritual in nature.


are the characteristics of a population. Changing patterns have influenced the current health care delivery system.

Medication-assisted treatment (MAT)

or a combination of med, counseling, and cognitive-behavioral theropies, is generally used to treat this.


2nd most used drug. highly addictive CNS stimulant.

Methicillian-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)

most common pathogen causing health care related infections in health care facilities in the US and world wide.

National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM)

1998, established by congress. evaluates the OAM to a national institutes of health center.

Nurse practitioner (NP)

advanced training, masters degree, and a nursing speciality like pediatrics, gerontology, or family practice.

Office of Alternative Medicine (OAM)

1993. investigated the effectiveness of various unconventional medical practices.

Parish nurses

have community health background. work in teaching, counseling, and advocacsy roles to care for people in a congregations.

Role change

changes, alterations, or shifts in the traditional family structure. culterial shift intraditional male/female role expectations.


control of feelings. indifference to pleasure or pain.

Tradional remedies

might consist of herbal ingredients and also might be accompanied by a ritual.

Graying of America

increased aging population.

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