Terms in this set (125)
Your position is over run by fire
In addition to attack lines, engines should have additional 1 1/2 inch hose line long enough to reach all the way around the engine. The best reason to have this extra hose line is in case:
Large windows allow in more radiant heat than smaller ones
Part of structural triage includes the evaluation of windows because:
The part of a wild land fire that consist of any and all constructed or natural barriers and the treated fire edge used to control a fire is known as the:
Turned with the slope
During mop-up operations on a slope, if possible, logs near the fireline should be:
When forcing water uphill, the best solution for overcoming back pressure is to use:
In order to stop burning materials from rolling into unburned fuels, a control line built on a slope below a fire should be:
What type of foam are you most likely to use for a wildland fires due to its excellent penetrating capabilities?
Low expansion foam solution
You are involved in a mop-up operation in heavy fuel. What characteristics are you calling for in your foam?
2 to 1
Your crew leader or supervisor schedules work breaks for you as the work and working condition dictate. In general, the work to rest ratio should be:
Direct traffic to prevent accidents
When smoke related traffic problems occur, you are often at the scene before law enforcement. What is the First thing you should do in this situation?
Mandate filter mask to use to prevent CO exposure
All of the following are ways for a supervisor to minimize your exposure to carbon monoxide (CO) Except:
On large incidents, identify the section that may include units dedicated to time tracking, procurement, and cost analysis:
Knowing that a certain road in you jurisdiction is too rutted and narrow for you Type 1 engine would be an example of:
Identify the percentage of all wildland fires that are controlled by well planned initial responses:
If different units work against each other, they could put each other in jeopardy. The ICS component that helps prevent this problem is:
Identify the foam system that relies on the fire pump to provide pressure to flow the foam solution to the nozzle:
Even if a pump is maintained in good condition, most fire apparatus can only draft from approximately:
The NFPA standard that covers wildland fire apparatus is:
Rely on the fire pump to provide pressure to flow the foam solutions to the nozzle
Low energy foam system differ from high energy systems in that they:
Close tightly around your wrists
Wildland gloves must meet the standards contained in NFPA 1977, according to this standard gloves must:
105 degree field of view
Eye protection must meet the standard contained in ANSI Z87.1. According to this standard, the eye protection device you use must afford a:
Reducing standing fuels by mowing or thining
Identify a way that fuel breaks can be used to manage fuel:
Playing fields, parks, golf course, or landscaped roadways are permanent ways of separating developments from the wildland and are often referred to as:
Quickly attack the flanks and/or the head of the fire
The BEST way to protect natural resources during a fire is to:
Helicopters drop water from a very low altitude on hot spots
The IC has decided to use aircraft to attack localized hot spots in close support of ground crews. The strategy the IC will MOST likely us in this situation is to have:
Attack spot fires while they are still small by fully extinguishing or containing them
You are defending a structure that is in the spot fire zone of a Wildland fire. A control line has already been established around the structure but spotting-zone fires are possible. Identify the appropriate strategy for this situation:
Structural firefighters should look for training opportunites with wildland firefighters
When tasked with wildland/urban interface fire suppression duties are:
Already burned structures
There will be time when you simply do not have enough resources to protect everything. When trying to assign limited resources, all of the following should be high on your priority list EXCEPT
Fire intensity and ROS are generally greater
Do you know how time of day impacts fire intensity and rate of spread (ROS) from midday until sundown?
The distance between the main fire and the wet line depends on all of the following EXCEPT
Centrifigual, Priming Device
Identify the set of terms that BEST completes the following sentence. "When drafting with a ________ pump, you must use a _________ to create a vacuum.
Fire hydrants with an expected flow greater than 1,000 GPM will often be color coded
At the fire, water tenders normally dump water into?
Automatic controls may be programmed to periodically reenergize it in an attempt to restore service
Why is a deactivated power lin dangerous?
Crouch down while using a drip torch to insure ignition
All of the following statements about firing operations are true EXCEPT
A distance equal to one span between the poles
You have encountered a down power line and are uncertain that the power has been turned off. How far should you stay away from the downed power line?
When apparatus is parked and the engine is turned off
Identify a situation where it is appropriate to turn off apparatus headlights:
To prevent burning embers from entering the cab
What is the BEST reason for keeping the windows of an apparatus rolled up?
100 gallons (400 L)
Except when you're operating in the black, how much water should be reserved in the apparatus tank for protection for the engine and crew?
Always use an undercut line for downhill lines
All of these are TRUE guidelines for downhill fireline construction and hose lays EXCEPT?
Know the location of escape routes and safety zones
When the warning is signaled of an approaching fire, identify a personal survival technique that might save your life:
There is rule of thumb that states: When the interval between a ground flash and the thunder it produces is less than 30 seconds, take precautions against being struck for at least 30 minutes after the thunder cloud passes.
If you cannot stay out of the smoke
Under what circumstances should you use filter mask or other respiratory protection:
Clearly identify escape routes and safety zones
Before starting backfiring or burning out operations:
Keep hoselines as short as possible
When performing mobile attack on the fire's edge:
Use a tree for shelter from a retardant drop
All of the following precautions about drop zone safety are TRUE EXCEPT:
End up laying face down
There are several differences in the steps used to deploy a fire shelter in calm conditions versus windy conditions. However, the one step common to fire shelter deployment regardless of the conditions is that you should:
Each crew leader and leaders of engine crews
With regard to the on duty list, who should have a copy of the list?
The ICS component that involves check-in, resource tracking, and assignment lists is:
Identify the organizational element responsible for determining overall incident objectives
Strike Force, Task Force
Complete the following sentence with the correct set of terms. "______________ consist of all the same type of resource while a ____________ consists of any combination of resources".
From the time they leave the station
Firefighters should begin to be vigilant to clues regarding the cause and origin of a fire:
The fire is out and it's time to return to quaters. Identify the section that helps the IC demobilize resources in an orderly fashion:
Fireground safety trumps the chain of command
Identify the TRUE statement below.
Compressed air foam system (CAFS) are classified as what type of foam system?
Connecting a water tender directly to an engine to increase its attack capabilities is referred to as what type of operation?
In general, tractor plows cut a __________ swath than bulldozer.
Power take off (PTO) pump
Identify the system that gives you pump and roll capabilities but determines pump pressure by the speed of the engine.
1/2 mile (0.8) per hour
Over moderate terrain in medium fuel, a dozer can construct a single pass fireline at approximately.
Three portable fire extinguishers
All of the following are NFPA 1906 Minimum requirements for portable equipment on wildland fire apparatus EXCEPT:
The NFPA standard on wildland fire apparatus requires them to carry a minimum of how much water?
What is the minmum water tank capacity for structural pumper?
Which of the following water tender operations makes use of portable drop tanks?
You may need to attack small fires and hot spots and to overhaul areas that are not within reach of hoselines. Identify a form of portable fire extinguisher that carries plain water or a foam and water solution:
Dual gallonage combo nozzle
Select the nozzle that is available in 1 inch and 1 1/2 sizes and can produce anywhere from straight stream to a wide angle fog pattern.
All of the following are common types of dozers EXCEPT:
Repair cracked or loose tool heads with glue or sealant
All of the following are proper care methods for hand tools EXCEPT:
All of the following are considered part of the Minimum wildland fire fighting PPE EXCEPT:
Identify the type of eye protection that provides the greatest amount of protection against foreign objects contacting or entering your eyes:
Which of the following plays the smallest role in Wildland fire spread?
First Responder, First Aid, and current CPR certification
What level of medical training is required at the Wildland Firefighting 1 Level?
Smoldering, Free Burning
Identify the set of terms that BEST fills in the blank in the following sentence. " A ___________ fire burns without flame while a ____________ fire burns rapidly and unchecked.
Heat transfer by the movement of air is example of:
Computer based fire modeling programs
Identify a means of developing a model of expected fire behavior:
The act of intentionally setting a fire to uninvolved fuels within the control line and between an approaching fire front to strengthen the control line is known as:
The amount of time it takes for a given amount of foam solution to drain from the foam mass is known as:
The water additive that breaks down surface tension and increases water's ability to soak into fibrous material faster is known as:
No more than 2 degrees
When preparing a winch, how many degrees to either side of the center line of the drum should you park the vehicle?
Attempt to identify the material by using binoculars
When fighting a fire in a wildland environment you see in the distance a fenced in areea with large cylindrical tanks. You are already uphill and upwind of the area. The first step you should take is:
Intensity diminishes and crew regain control
The incident commander (IC) has stopped firing operations because it has become too intense for crews to control. Backfiring operations may resume when:
An engine with a minimum crew of three, a 500 gpm pump, and 1,000 feet of 2 1/2 inch hose, or larger is a:
Foam solution before it is discharged from the hoseline
In a compressed air foam system (CAFS), the compressor adds air to the:
Midship transfer drive
Identify the system type that provides the greatest pumping capacity:
Competely removing vegetation with heavy equipment is an example of managing fuels through the use of:
Provides a backup line in case one fails
Identify the BEST reason for deploying two attack hoselines from each engine assigned to structure protection in the interface:
Mobile attack is an example of:
Hard suction line
Drafting requires a:
Announce power lines down to alert personnel that a line is down
Which of the following statements is TRUE when fire fighting near downed power lines?
Fire is burning uphill, in a chimney, drainage, or a steep slop in deceptively light fuels
Identify conditions that are common denominators of fire behavior on tragedy fires:
With a large white or orange T
When marking a paracargo drop zone, how is the drop point identified?
Do you know what to do when you observe unsafe situations at a wildland fire? Identify the name of the mechanism that is in place to report and correct such situations:
Concentrations of pesticides or other toxic chemicals
SCBA is heavy and provides only a limited amount of air, but it is required when fighting wildland fires near:
Using a drip torch for visibility
When visibility is poor, spotters should take all of the following safety precautions EXCEPT:
Identify the type of map to look at if you wanted to find out how steep the slopes of a certain canyon were:
Span of Control
Identify the term describing the ability to manage a certain number of subordinates:
Assign individual blame
A formal post incident critique should NOT be used to:
If your IC is acting as the incident safety officer (ISO), you are probably engaged in what kind of attack?
The tank partitions on water tenders are referred to as:
Behind the fire in the black
When you have started a firing operation, the ignition device should remain:
Only as a last resort to survive a fire entrapment
Fire shelters should be deployed:
Keep you gloves closed tightly around your wrist
A nomex wristlet is used to:
The boundary of burned area at any given time is known as the:
"A spot fire is a small fire well beyond the fire perimeter in the GREEN"
Identify the set of terms that BEST completes the following sentence.
Set up cones and flares
You are first on scene of a Wildland road fire along a heavy traffic area, What is the first action you should take?
Eliminating fire causes, reducing available fuel, improving fire apparatus access, and increasing the amount of water available on site are all goals of:
Break Over Angle
The angle formed by level ground and a line from the point of ground contact of the rear tires to the bottom of the frame at wheelbase midpoint is:
Of the following, identify the wildland application that is most appropriate for a structural engine:
Identifying needed resources, staging areas, and access routes for a potential fire involving a target hazard in your jurisdiction is an example of:
Leave both feet on the ground and slide you feet along the surface of the ground
What tactic should you use if you must move in heavy smoke:
10 Pounds Per Gallon
To arrive at the total weight of your vehicle you estimate the weight of a gallon of water plus the tank:
Duel gallonage combo nozzle
Select the nozzle that is available in 1-inch (25mm) and 1 1/2 (38mm) sizes and can produce anywhere from a straight stream to a wide angle fog pattern:
Felling snags, chopping stumps and logs, and driving wedges
A single bit axe is best suited for:
"A chemical change by the action of heat" is the definition of:
Remote control nozzles
The BEST alternative to standing on the bumper and using a hose during mobile attack:
An Extended, Major
You've been on the line for a while now. Let's see if you know what kind of incident you're on. Select the set of terms BEST completes the following sentence. A response lasting beyond the first operational period is referred to as ________ fire attack, while ones extending into a third period is a _________ fire attack:
Lookouts, communications, escape routes, safety zones
LCES is a foundational principal. What do the letters in LCES acronym mean?
Have shifts that do not exceed 12 hours, with no more than 8 hours of actual driving
Identify a correct safety tip for you to follow when driving a personnel transport vehicle:
Low flying helicopters or air tankers
A common denominator of fire behavior on tragedy fires can occur from normal suppression operations. What normally beneficial fire suppression method has been known to cause tragedy flare ups?
Calling local law enforcement when immediately on a scene
All of the following are prohibited when driving or riding on fire apparatus EXCEPT:
(CBMS) Chainsaws, Brush hooks, McLeod's, Shovels
Place three tools in the correct order from leader to clean up:
Delegating strategy selection
All of the following are functions of the IC or Unified Command EXCEPT?
Plastic Forestry Nozzle
Nozzle has to be readjusted each time you open it:
Foam solution before discharge
CAFS compressor adds air:
Heavy smoke piece of mechanized equipment cutting control may need to work with:
Unity of Objective
If everyone in the organization from the IC down to the individual firefighter, know the strategic objectives for the fire it is easier for everyone involved to work toward the same outcome is called: