16 terms

Cause and effect, compare and contrast, sequence, problem and solution, description

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Terms in this set (...)

Cause
This is why something happened
Effect
This is what happened
Compare and contrast
Shows how two things or more things are like and/or how they are different
Sequence
Describes items or events in order or tells the steps to follow to do something or make something
Signal words for cause-and-effect
So, because, since, therefore if, then, this led to, reason why, as a result, may be due to, effect of, consequently, for this reason
Signal words for compare and contrast
Same as, similar, alike, as well as, not only... But also, both, instead of, either... Or, on the other hand, different from, as opposed to
Signal words for sequence
First, second, next, then, before, after, finally, following, not long after, now, soon
Signal questions for cause-and-effect
What happened? why did it happen? what caused it to happen?
Signal questions for compare and contrast
What things are being compared? In what ways are they like? In what ways are they different?
Signal questions for sequence
What items, events, or steps are listed? Do they have to happen in this order? Do they always happen in this order?
Problem and Solution
Tells about a problem (and sometimes says why there is a problem) then gives one or more possible solutions
Description
A topic, idea, person, place, or thing is described by listing its features, characteristics, or examples
Signal questions for problem and solution
What is the problem? Why is this a problem? Is there anything being done to try and solve the problem? What can be done to solve the problem?
Signal words for problem and solution
Question is... Dilemma is... The puzzle is... To solve this... One answer is... One reason for the... Dot
Signal questions for description
What specific topic, person, idea, or thing is being described? How is it being described (what does it look like, how does it work, what does it do etc)? What is important to remember about it?
Signal words for description
For instance, such as..., To begin with, and example, to illustrate, characteristics