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AP US History Ch. 5

American Pageant Chapter 5: Colonial Society on the Eve of Revolution 1700-1775
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Michel-Guillaume de Crevecoeur
A french settler who saw a "strange mixture of blood, which you will find in no other country" in America.
Jonathon Edwards
He ignited the Great Awakening. He proclaimed the folly of believe in salvation through good works and affirmed the need for complete dependence on Gods grace.
George Whitefield
One of the preachers of the great awakening (key figure of "New Light"); known for his talented voice inflection and ability to bring many a person to their knees.
John Trumbull
An American painter you had to go to England to complete his training. He painted scenes of the Revolutionary War
Charles Wilson Peale
Best known for his portraits of George Washington.
Benjamin West
Painter who went to England to acquire the necessary training and financial support to establish himself as a prominent artist along with John Copley
John Singleton Copley
American painter who did portraits of Paul Revere and John Hancock before fleeing to England to avoid the American Revolution (1738-1815)
Phillis Wheatley
American poet (born in Africa) who was the first recognized Black writer in America (1753-1784)
Benjamin Franklin
"The first civilized American." Best known for to his contemporaries for "Poor Richards Almanack". He invented bifocal spectacles, the highly efficient Franklin Stove, and
proved that lightning was a form of electricity.
John Peter Zenger
A New York editor whose trial for seditious libel backfired on the government; the jury found that truth was a defense for libel.
Andrew Hamilton
Defense attorney in the Zenger case who made the first step toward freedom of the press
Jacob Arminius
A dutch theologian who preached that individual free will, not divine decree, determined a person's eternal fate.
Paxton Boys
A mob of Pennsylvania frontiersmen led by the Paxtons who massacred a group of non-hostile Indians.
Great Awakening
Religious revival in the American colonies of the eighteenth century during which a number of new Protestant churches were established.
Anglicans
People that practice the faith, doctrine, system, and practice of the Anglican Church.
Rack-renting
merciless rent increases
Regular movement
(1768-1794) Violent uprising of settlers in North Carolina against unfair taxation and the seaboard elite control of colonial affairs.
Old and New Lights
Old lights were orthodox members of the clergy who believed that the new ways of revivals and emotional preaching were unnecessary. New lights were more modern-thinking members of the clergy who strongly believed in the Great Awakening.
Triangular trade
Ships from New England sailed first to Africa, exchanging rum for slaves. The slaves were shipped from Africa to the Caribbean and traded for sugar and molasses. Then the ships were returned to New England, where molasses was used to make rum.
Molasses Act
British legislation which taxed all molasses, rum, and sugar which the colonies imported from countries other an Britain and her colonies.