45 terms

Medical Terminology - Standard Terms

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abduction
movement away from the body's midline.
adduction
movement toward the body's midline.
afferent
conducting toward a structure.
anterior
the front surface of the body.
anterior to
in front of.
caudad
toward the tail.
cephalad
toward the head.
circumduction
circular movement of a part.
craniad
toward the cranium.
deep
situated remote from the surface.
distal
situated away from the point of origin.
dorsal
pertaining to the back surface of the body.
dorsiflexion
bending backward.
efferent
conducting away from a structure.
elevation
raising a body part.
extension
stretching, or moving jointed parts into or toward a straight condition.
external
situated outside.
flexion
bending, or moving jointed parts closer together.
inferior
situated below.
internal
situated inside.
laterad
toward the side of the body.
lateral
situated away from the body's midline.
lateral rotation
rotating outward away from the body's midline.
left lateral recumbent
lying horizontal on the left side.
mediad
toward the midline of the body.
medial
situated toward the body's midline.
medial rotation
rotating inward toward the body's midline.
palmar
concerning the inner surface of the hand.
peripheral
away from a central structure.
plantar
concerning the sole of the foot.
posterior
pertaining to the back surface of the body.
posterior to
situated behind.
pronation
lying face downward or turning the hand so the palm faces downward or backward.
prone
lying horizontal, face down and flat.
protraction
a pushing forward, as the mandible.
proximal
situated nearest the point of origin.
recumbent
lying horizontal, generally speaking.
retraction
a drawing back, as the tongue.
right lateral recumbent
lying horizontal on the right side.
rotation
turning around an axis.
superficial
situated near the surface.
superior
situated above.
supination
lying face upward or turning the hand so the palm faces forward or upward.
supine
lying horizontal, flat on the back and face up.
ventral
the front surface of the body.
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