6th CH 3 (1607-1763 (British Colonial America)
U.S. History British North America English Colonies British Colonies Colonial America
Terms in this set (30)
A Dutch colonial settlement near the mouth of Hudson River and the southern end of Manhattan Island. It was the capital of NEW NETHERLANDS. Annexed by the English in 1664 when it was renamed NEW YORK.
The governor of the Dutch colony of NEW AMSTERDAM. He surrendered the COLONY to the English in 1664 when it became known as NEW YORK.
Virginia-Maryland bay area, site of the earliest British colonial settlements. (JAMESTOWN 1607) In contrast to NEW ENGLAND, this region was distinguished by INDENTURED SERVANTS, cash crops, and African slavery. The development of major cities here distinguished it from the lower SOUTHERN COLONIES of North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia.
New England Colonies
MASSACHUSETTS, New Hampshire, Connecticut, and RHODE ISLAND. PILGRIMS first settled Plymouth in 1620 and PURITANS established MASSACHUSETTS BAY COLONY in 1629. Area had a short growing season, long and cold winters, rocky soil, and forests. Economy was based on trading, shipping, and ship building.
Group of American colonies made up of PENNSYLVANIA, Delaware, NEW YORK, and New Jersey. Characterized by fertile river valleys, moderate winters with warm summers, a diverse population, and harbors such as Philadelphia and New York City. Economy was based on farming, mining, manufacturing, and trade.
The Virginia Company
JOINT-STOCK COMPANY granted a CHARTER by King James that brought investors in to make settlements in the New World. Hoped to earn profit by finding gold and silver. Financed the settlement of JAMESTOWN in 1607.
Viginia House of Burgesses
Established in JAMESTOWN in 1619 and patterned after England's Parliament; considered to be the first representative government in the New World. Other COLONIES would later create similar LEGISLATURES.
An English settler who arrived in JAMESTOWN in 1610. He introduced the colonists to TOBACCO farming which soon became the colony's lifeblood, bringing in much needed revenue and lots of new immigrants eager for a share in the colony's expanding wealth.
Native chief who befriended the JAMESTOWN colonists. The colonists inaccurately called all of the Indians in his confederacy by his name. When John Smith was captured by natives, his daughter, Pocahontas, saved him. Pocahontas married JOHN ROLFE and there was a time of peace between the Indians and English until land scarcity led to violence.
Farmers in VIRGINIA who resented Gov. William Berkeley's friendly policy with Native Americans were lead by a former INDENTURED SERVANTS in a series of raids against frontier tribes in 1676. An early example of POPULIST uprising in America where the poor felt the government favored the rich. Ultimate result was an increase in the use of African slaves since the planters were afraid to use INDENTURED SERVANTS after this.
SEPARATISTS who sailed to NEW ENGLAND on the Mayflower in 1620 to escape religious persecution in England. These PROTESTANT DISSENTERS established Plymouth Colony in MASSACHUSETTS to seek religious freedom.
The first agreement for SELF-GOVERNMENT in America. In 1620, the document was signed by the 41 men on board the ship to set up a government for the Plymouth colony.
A religious group of Protestant dissenters who wanted to rid the Church of England of all Catholic elements. They came to America for religious freedom and settled Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1629.
"City On A Hill"
Phrase used by Governor John Winthrop in a sermon because he wanted Massachusetts Bay Colony to be a Puritan model society for the Anglican Church and the rest of the world to follow. He borrowed the phrase from a Biblical parable told by Jesus to inspire his followers to live by Christian principles.
A 17th century agreement by which Puritans permitted the baptized children of church members to have a partial membership in the congregation. These people could not vote or take communion, but they were allowed to participate in some church affairs.
Salem Witch Trials
Outbreak of witchcraft accusations in a Massachusetts Bay village governed by Puritans. Marked by an atmosphere of fear, hysteria and stress, more than 100 people were tried. Nineteen women and one man were executed while six people died in jail.
Town Hall Meetings
Political gatherings where colonists in New England made decisions on local issues. They were one of the earliest forms of democracy in colonial America.
This originally made Massachusetts an independent colony. The British king cancelled it and combined the colonies of New England so he could have more control over trade. Massachusetts Bay became a royal colony in 1691.
A dissenter, Roger Williams clashed with Massachusetts Puritans over the issue of separation of church and state. After being banished from Massachusetts in 1636, he traveled south, where he founded the colony of Rhode Island, which granted full religious freedom to its inhabitants.
Woman who challenged Purtian religous authorities in Massachusetts Bay. Puritan authorities banished her because she challenged religious doctrine, gender roles, and church authority. She preached the idea that God communicated directly to individuals instead of through the church elders. She was forced to leave Massachusetts. Her followers founded the colony of New Hampshire in 1639.
A New England colony that was the smallest of the original thirteen. Founded by Roger Williams who believed in religious tolerance for all people.
An English Quaker that founded Pennsylvania in 1682 as a "holy experiment." After receiving a charter from King Charles II the year before, he establish a place where Quakers and others could live in peace and be free from religious persecution.
King Phillip's War
Extremely violent war between the Native American tribes of New England and British colonists that took place from 1675-1676. The war was the result of tension caused by encroaching white settlers. The chief of the Wampanoags, Metacom (who the English called King Philip,) lead the natives. The colonists victory ended Indian resistance in New England.
First permanent French settlement in North America, founded by Samuel de Champlain in 1608 as a fur trading post with Native Americans.
Name given to the voyages that brought enslaved Africans across the Atlantic Ocean to North America and the West Indies. Part of the triangular trade.
A three way system of trade during 1600-1800's: Europe sent guns and rum to Africa, slaves were shipped from Africa to the Caribbean and North & South America, and America sent raw materials to Europe.
An English policy of relaxing the enforcement of regulations in its colonies in return for the colonies' continued economic loyalty. This contributed significantly to the rise of American self government.
Acts passed by the British parliament in the mid 17th century increasing the dependence of the colonies on the English for trade; these acts caused great resentment in the American colonies but were not strictly enforced.
A delegate from Pennsylvania who proposed the "Albany Plan of the Union" as a way to strengthen colonies. Served as a diplomat in France to get help during the Revolution. Perfect example of the Enlightenment and America's social mobility; A writer, scientist, diplomat, political philosopher, and a printer. He was influential in the American Revolution, Continental Congress, Declaration of Independence, creating America as we know it.
The Great Awakening
Religious revival in the 1730-40's, helped by Jonathan Edwards and George Whitefield; united the Americans as a people. Colonist gained a sense of independence because they challenged church beliefs, they felt unified because of a common religion, and ties between church and state weakened.
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