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AP PSYCH Chapter 10: Language
our spoken, written, or signed words and the ways we combine them to communicate meaning
In a language, the smallest distinctive sound unit
In a language, the smallest unit that carries meaning; may be a word or part of a word
In a language, a system of rules that enables us to communicate with and understand others
set of rules by which we derive meaning from morphemes, words, and sentences in a given language; also, the study of meaning
rules for combining words into grammatically sensible sentences in a given language
stage of speech development in which the infant spontaneously utters various sounds at first unrelated to the household language
stage in speech development, from 1-2, during which a child speaks mostly single words
stage in speech development during which a child speaks mostly two-word statements
Early speech stage in which a child speaks like a telegram with noun-verb phrases and no auxiliaries
Speech rapidly develops into complete sentences
Whorf's hypothesis that language determines the way we think