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WW2 and Cold War
Terms in this set (71)
What was President Roosevelt's official position for the US?
Why did president Roosevelt refrain from intervening in Europe during the rise of totalitarian regimes in Germany and Italy?
a large portion of the American public didn't support US involvement in Europe
Chronological events of WW2
Lend-Lease-> Pearl Harbor->D-Day->the atomic bomb
In the late 1930s and the early 1940s, US increased defense expenditures, instituted the peacetime draft, and passed the Lend-Lease Act, indicating that the government...
was concerned about growing German domination of Europe
Most people of in the internment camps in the US during WW2 were what race?
During WW2, a widely adopted means of labor shortage problems in the US industry was to...
Military and political leaders in the US during WW2 publicly justified the use of atomic weapons on Japan because they argued that...
it would save millions of lives that would be lost in an amphibious assault on Japan
On June 6th, 1944, a combined force of US, British, Canadian and Free French soldiers landed where?
During his rise to power, Hitler gained popularity and helped stir extreme anti-semantic sentiment by doing what?
blaming the collapse of world trade and other economic failures on Jewish financiers
What played a major role in the spread of both communism and fascism in Europe in between the World Wars?
Economic hardship created by the Great Depression
What were the two main powers in WW1?
Axis and Allied
Three loosing countries of WW1
Germany, Japan, Italy
Three winning countries of WW1
US, Great Britain, Soviet Union
US took over one island at a time moving closer to Japan
Cash and Carry
they would sell weapons and supplies to allies but the buyer must transport
if the defenselessness of another country threatened the US's national security, they would help them
FDRs Four Freedoms
of worship, of speech, from fear, from want
(1930s) banned arms sales or loans to countries at war, warned US citizens to not trarvel on other countries' ships, Good Neighbor Policy
Good Neighbor Policy
attempt to improve US relations with LAt in America
Fascist dictator, seized power in Italy in 1922; conquered Ethiopia in 1935
all political parties (not fascist) were outlawed, he controlled the press and government
Austrian; Chancellor of Germany in 1933; committed suicide on April 30, 1945
a totalitarian state, citizens must obey and not criticize,Jews persecuted, Holocaust, built up armed forces
Nazi's controlled every aspect of German society
main axis powers
Germany, Italy, Japan
main allied powers
Great Britain, France, China, Soviet Union, US
Battle of Britain
Germany severely bombed Britain but didn't defeat them
"cash and carry" plan
US sold arms to allies but had them come get them and transport them
(1941) allowed sales or loans to "any country whose defense the President deems vital to the defense of the US"
FDR's Four Freedoms
of speech, of worship, from want, from fear
set up by FDR and Churchill in 1941; seek no territorial gain from the war, support people to choose their own government, called for "permanent system of general security"
December 7, 1941; Japan attacked Pearl Harbor; US declared war the next day
War Production Board
helped factories produce war goods
Rosie the Riveter
symbolized the millions of women that went to work during the war
Wartime Relocation Agency
forced Japanese Americans to sell homes and businesses and relocate to inland camps living behind barbed wire. They were release in 1944 after US won over Japan
planned invasion of Europe led by General Eisenhower
died in April 1945; Truman takes office
(May 8th) victory in Europe; Germany surrendered on May 7th
2 main US goals in the Pacific
regain the Philippines and invade Japan
US policy, using islands as stepping-stones towards Japan
warning Japan to surrender or face "prompt and utter destruction" but Japan ignored it
Hiroshima then Nagasaki
August 14th; Japan surrendered, ending WW2
imaginary line divided europe in 1946
statement of president Truman that promised military and economic support to nations threatened by communism
Secretary of State; toured Western Europe and witnessed homelessness and famine. proposed Marshall Plan to help rebuild the European economy
French, British and American. soviets had the rest
international peace keeping organization; created in 1945 with 51 original members
can veto general assembly, 15 members; 5 permanent and 10 elected by general assembly for 2 year terms. (5 permanent members: China, France, Britain, Russia, US)
North Atlantic Treaty Organization; alliance with US and European countries to defend against soviet aggression
Eastern European countries dominated by soviet control
Civil War in China
Nationalists: Chiang, US vs. Communists: Mao, Soviets. Chiang fled to Taiwan when China went communist.
divided at the 38th parallel; communist North Korea (China) vs democratic South Korea (US) North invaded South; UN sent forces (MacArthur) to push North out of South
MacArthur wanted to attack China against President Truman's wishes and began to threaten China so Truman fired him
accused of stealing US nuclear secrets for the soviets and executed
fear of communism
said he had a list of 205 state dept. employees that were communists. caused people to be paranoids about communists
State dept. official; lied under oath denying he was a soviet spy ring to steal secrets
US vs Soviets
Africa: Somalia vs Ethiopia, Asia: Pakistan but India accepted help from both. Indoctrination was also split
1957; Soviet launched, world's first artificial satellite
Bay of Pigs
where Americans landed to overthrow and assassinate Castro but we're caught and defeated, causing further conflict
Cuban Missile Crisis
Soviets built missile bases in Cuba, President Kennedy said American warships would stop any Soviet ship carrying missiles, Soviets turned away from Cuba and agreed to remove all missiles from Cuba if the US did not invade Cuba
Soviet leader during Cuban Missile Crisis
The Fair Deal
a series of reforms proposed by President Truman after the election of 1948; minimum wage was raised, social security covered more people, desegregation was ended in the armed forces; congress rejected Truman's plan for the government to provide health insurance for everyone
Presidential elections 1948 and 1952
1948: Truman(D) beat Dewey (R), 1952: Eisenhower (R) beat Stevenson (D)
increase in births in the 1950s, causes: economy was the best since the 20s, people waited until after WW2 to have kids, improved health care, polio vaccine
Dr. Jonas Salk
created a vaccine against polio
William Levitt bought large tracts of land and built thousands of identical houses, the first was on Long Island in 1947
The Interstate Highway Act of 1956
built a network of highways across the country linking the nation
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