The science of data
information, in the form of facts or figures obtained from experiments or surveys, used as a basis for making calculation or drawing conclusions
2 Types of Data
Qualitative and Quantitative
Information that relates to characteristics or descriptions
Example of Qualitative data
Species of plant, type of insect, shades of color, rank of flavor in taste testing
Can qualitative data be scored and evaluated with numbers?
measured using naturally occurring numerical scale
Example of Qualitative Data
Chemical concentration, temperature, length, wight
value that appears most frequently
when all data are listed from least to greatest, the value at which half of the observations are greater, and half or lesser
the most commonly statistic use to measure of central tendency
statistic that tells you how tightly packed all the various examples are clustered around the mean in a set of data
Causation and Correlation
correlation does not imply causation
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