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To Kill a Mockingbird: Parts 1 and 2
Terms in this set (155)
Who is the narrator of the story? How old is she?
An older white female, Jean Louise "Scout" Finch, looking back on her childhood when she was five years old; she's from the South and lived in Maycomb, Alabama
He was Scout's brother; at the beginning of the novel, he is nine years old
Scout's father; a lawyer; he is described by Scout as a "courteous detachment," as although he loved Scout and Jem, he isn't overly caring about them.
What is Finch's Landing?
It is a plantation that Simon Finch, an ancestor of Scout, established; Aunt Alexandra, Atticus' sister, currently lives there
Describe the town of Maycomb.
Organized, run-down, old, and boring; Located in Alabama
What happened to the Scout's mom?
She died when Scout was two years old of a heart attack
Who is Dill?
Charles Baker Harris; A seven-year-old kid from Meridian, Mississippi who goes to Maycomb every summer to see his aunt, Miss Rachel; he is very short and seems to make many stories up
Describe the Radley house and the rumors that go along with it.
It's old and worn down; no one lives there; it's very creepy; Arthur "Boo" Radley, Mrs. and Mr. Radley's younger son, stays inside the house all the time due to his "insanity"
What is everything bad that occurs in Maycomb, Alabama blamed on?
Describe the narrator's first day of school?
Her teacher, Ms. Caroline, realizes she was literate and told Scout to tell her father to stop teaching her "incorrectly," which annoyed Scout because she loves reading
Explain how her classroom is like a tiny version of the real world outside of school.
The social dynamics, such as poverty, faced in Macomb were presented in the school, especially with Miss Caroline not understanding why Walter Cunningham had no lunch to bring
Why was Miss Caroline so annoyed with the narrator?
She thought that she could teach better than Atticus; Scout talks back about Walter; Scout talks back about Walter Cunningham; she wacks Scout's hand with a ruler
Describe the Cunninghams
Although they were very poor, they were proud and never borrowed anything from anybody, including money; the payback favors with produce
What does the narrator understand that the teacher (a newcomer to the town) does not?
She doesn't understandthe social dynamics of Maycomb; most people are extremely poor and don't have enough money
Describe Walter Cunningham.
He's a very poor boy that wasn't able to pack a lunch to bring to school; he is taking care of by his family, no matter what social status
What happened at the lunch table when Scout and Jem went home to eat with Walter Cunningham?
Walter talked about farming with Atticus and he poured syrup all over his dinner because it was a luxury in his eyes; Scout yelled at him, and he felt ashamed
Explain how Calpurnia is much more than just a housekeeper and cook to Scout.
She disciplines them, said that she missed Scout, and calls Scout and Jem in for dinner; she is a mother figure to Scout and Jem
What happened when Scout returned to school after lunch?
Miss Caroline was frightened of a bug ("cootie") found in Burris Ewell's hair
Describe Burris Ewell.
Scott describes him as one of the filthiest kids she has ever seen; not taking care of by his parents because he is so poor; comes in on the first day of school every year and never comes back; much older than Scout and the others
What surprise did Cal have waiting for Scout after school and why did she do this?
Crackling bread; she knew that Scout had a bad day and felt bad for her
What does Atticus reveal to Scout about the Ewells?
For the past three generations; they commit many crimes, but people let it slide because otherwise they wouldn't be able to survive
What was Atticus' compromise for Scout?
That if she went to school she could continue reading, as long as she didn't tell her teacher
What did Scout find in the tree?
Two sticks of Wrigley's Double Mint gum
What was Jem's reaction to what Scout found?
He was angry that Scout put the gum in her mouth and said it was poisonous because it came from the Radley' house
What was the next item found in the tree?
Two Indian pennies that were polished and clean
How and why does Scout think these items come to be in the tree?
She thinks that it's someone's hiding spot
What happened to Scout that illustrates that there is life in the Radley house?
When she rolled the tire and lands in front of the Radley house, she heard someone laughing.
Why did Atticus get annoyed with Scout and Jem at the end of this chapter?
They were pretending to be the Radley's and reenacting the scene where Boo Radley stabbed his dad with a pair of scissors
Explain the difference in Scout's relationships with her brother and Dill. How has the dynamic of the group of 3 changed?
They started plotting and planning together and ignoring her most of the time, so she usually stayed with Miss Maudie
Describe in detail Miss Maudie.
She was a widow that hated her house and loved "everything of God"; she didn't believe the rumors about the Radley's; loves flowers
How is Miss Maudie a lot like Atticus?
She treated them maturely and not much like children; she did not believe the Radley rumors
Explain what she tells the children about the Radley's religious beliefs.
They're Baptist, but they believe anything that pleasure is a sin
What can you infer about Miss Stephanie Crawford from the comment Miss Maudie makes about her?
She the "creator" of all the gossip in the town of Maycomb
What did Scout, Jem, and Dill set out to accomplish?
They want to give a note to Boo Radley
What was Atticus's response to their actions at the end of this chapter?
He was very angry and disappointed that they kept bothering Boo and made fun of him and his actions
Since it is the end of summer, what do Scout, Jem, and Dill decide to do?
They try to see what Boo Radley looks like
Why did they wait until the end of the summer?
If Boo Radley killed them, they wouldn't miss summer vacation but rather school
Explain what happened that night. Be sure your answer is detailed.
They went to Boo Radley's house and tried to peep through the window but saw a shadow of a man with a hat on. The shadow went up to Scout and they tried to run away but he left. Mr Radley then try tries to shoot at them.
What does the reader find out about the relationship between Scout and Dill?
He remembers their "engagement" and kisses her
What does Jem do at the end of Chapter 6 and why?
Dill and Jem tempted one more time to try to see Boo and Jem goes back to get his pants that you lost so we doesn't get caught
What does Jem tell Scout about that night?
When he went back to get his shorts, they were folded as if someone was expecting him and they were sewed up
What is the next item Scout and Jem find in the tree?
A grey ball of twine
Whose hiding place does Scout think it is?
What is/are the next object(s) found in the tree? What is significant about it/them?
Two images of children carved in soap; it was a picture of them
Name any other object found.
A whole packet of gum and a pocket watch chain that had an aluminium knife
At the end of the chapter what happened to the tree? What reason was given for this?
Mr Radley had sealed it up with cement; he stated that the tree was dying.
What is the real reason?
He wanted the kids and Boo to stop communicating
What strange thing happened in Maycomb for the first time?
The seasons were changing
What explanation was given for this strange occurrence?
It only happened when children disobeyed their parents, smoked cigarettes, and made war on others
Who died that winter?
Mrs Bradley from natural causes
Explain how Jem was creative.
With the little snow from Maycomb, he used dirt to make a snowman
What event occurred that pulled the whole neighborhood together?
A fire at Miss Maudie's house?
Who appeared without anyone noticing? Why was he there?
Boo Radley; he put a blanket over Scout
Who is Atticus defending?
Tom Robinson; he goes to Cal's church
Who was picking on Scout because of Atticus defending Tom?
Who is Atticus's case against?
How was Scout's cousin Francis just like Cecil?
He started talking about how Dill is a runt, as he keeps getting handed down to different family members; called Atticus a "n*****-lover" and hates that he is annoyed that he is defending a black person
Does Scout believe Dill when he makes up stories?
Sometimes with little stories, but she didn't realise he was lying about seeing his dad for the first time
What does Francis say Atticus is doing?
Ruining the family, as he heard his Grandma say thanks to Aunt Alexandra
What does Scout do when Francis calls Atticus a "n*****-lover"?
She punches his mouth.
What does Uncle Jack do when he sees Scout beating Francis up?
He stops her and then spanks her
Because Atticus never spanks Scout and Jem, how do Uncle Jack and Aunt Alexandra feel?
They believe he should, especially Alexandra because she feels Scout isn't "ladylike"
How are Atticus and Jack different?
Uncle Jack didn't take her side of the argument at first, like Atticus usually does.
Why will Atticus's case be a difficult one?
Many people in may come don't like black people and believe no one should be defending one
Who is John Taylor?
The judge that appointed Atticus to that case because he knows Atticus would do well
What does Atticus mean when he said he would "jar the jury"?
That he will make them think about the false stereotypes.
At the beginning of this chapter, Scout is ashamed of Atticus. List his faults as she sees them.
He was "too old"; couldn't be admired for anything; he wore glasses (had bad vision)
Explain why it is a sin to kill a mockingbird, according to Miss Maudie.
They provide people with music, and they don't eat up people's gardens
Miss Maudie tries to explain Atticus' excellent marksmanship and his lack of pride in it. How does she do this?
She explains how he was the best checker-player in Maycomb but probably hiding his talent when playing with Jem and Scout.
Why won't Jem allow Scout to brag about Atticus at school?
If Atticus didn't tell Jem and Scout, he probably had a reason for it.
Describe Mrs. Henry Lafayette Dubose.
She lived alone and was very old; apparently, she kept a CSA pistol concealed among her numerous shawls and wraps; rude/sassy
Explain the confrontation that occurred on the way into town between Jem, Scout, and Mrs. Dubose.
Mrs. Dubose yelled at them, asking they we're doing and if Atticus knew where they were. She then told Jem Miss Maudie was mad at him for breaking her "scuppernong arbor" and that they should go to reform school. Lastly, she complained about Scout not being "ladylike" and how Atticus was defending Tom Robinson.
What did Jem spend his money on in town?
He bought Scout a baton from Elmore's
What does Jem do out of anger and spite?
He ruins Mrs. Dubose's garden by cutting the top of each camellia bushes
What does Atticus tell Scout about the summer and why?
He says Scout needs to keep her head up because he feels something bad will happen with the Tom Robinson case.
What is Jem's punishment?
To have to fix Mrs. Dubose's garden and read to her for two outs every day for a month.
Why did Atticus really ask Jem to do this? (Other than punishment)
He wanted Jem to see and admire Mrs. Dubose's courage and strength
Why is Atticus a man to be respected?
No matter how many rude comments were said to him by Mrs. Dubose, he respected her and saw her as a great woman; he said himself, he loves people and isn't a racist
What is Jem's advice for Scout at the beginning of this chapter?
That she needs to start acting like a girl and leave him alone
Why didn't Dill show up this summer?
He was going to stay in meridian with his father in order to build a fishing boat
Explain what happens when the children attend church with Calpurnia.
The people showed gestures of respect; they welcomed them
As described by Scout, Lula is "Bullet-headed with strange almond-shaped eyes, straight nose and an Indian-bow mouth; very tall; she is rude, as she did not welcome Jem and Scout and insulted them
What was the collection in church going towards?
Helen Robinson, who was Tom's wife, and her children
What has Tom Robinson been accused of and by whom?
He has been accused of raping Mayella Ewell by Bob Ewell
Explain why Calpurnia acts one way around her friends and another way around the Finch's.
She works for the Finch's, so she treats them with a lot of respect and is formal; she wants to fit in with her friends
Who arrives at the Finch's house at the end of this chapter?
Why is Scout's aunt there?
She feels Jem and Scout need "feminine influence"; she wants to teach them how to be Finch's
Scout's aunt; sexist, stuck-up, and rude; she cares too much about what others think of her
How does Scout's aunt treat her, and how does she expect Scout to act?
She treats her very disrespectfully; she wants Scout to act "lady-like" and proper
Explain how Atticus is different from his sister.
He does not really care if Scout is "lady-like" or not, rather he cares about her personality, making sure she is not like everyone else in town (rude, believing in rumours, racist) and he does not "discipline" his children; his sister believes she should raise his children to be how everyone else will want them to be
How does Aunt Alexandra feel about Calpurnia? Explain why this is "in character" for Aunt Alexandra.
She is annoyed and wants to "let her go" (fire her) because she wants to take charge and take care of them; also, she is racist, so she would not want her brother's children to be raised by a black woman
Why is Scout so happy about the brawl with Jem?
Since Jem has matured, he has started to think he is better than anyone else; after she beats him up, she feels like they are even again
Explain how Jem "broke the remaining code of our childhood."
He told Atticus that Dill was there, which was something very mature of him, and Scout did not like that, as she is only nine years old.
Dill tries to explain to Scout why he did not want to stay with his mother and stepfather. State his reasons briefly in your own words.
Dill feels that his parents aren't interested in him and they do just fine without him, as it seems they do not care much about him.
Why are some citizens angry with Atticus?
He was defending Tom Robinson, who was a black man*
Name at least 3 people who support Atticus in his decision to represent Tom Robinson.
Dill, Scout, and Jem
In return to Scout's question about when Jem could boss her around, what does Atticus say? How does Scout feel when he says this?
He says he can only tell her what to do if he can make her; Happy
Explain how Atticus knows how to handle himself in a difficult situation.
He seemed to remain calm while people were trying to shoot at him
Name the three people that came to the rescue for Atticus at the courthouse and explain what they did to help him.
Scout kicks one of the men and makes them back off; Jem and Dill made Walter Cunningham put himself in Atticus's shoes and made him stop
Define the following terms: akimbo (adj.), elucidate (v)
akimbo- with the hands on the hip and elbows are outward; elucidate- to explain/ make something clear
Why does Miss Maudie refuse to attend the court proceedings with the rest of the community?
She does not find it entertaining to watch a man fight for his life in court
How did Atticus explain the fact that Scout broke up the crowd the night before? What did Scout make Walter Cunningham do?
He thanked her and told her that Walter got placed in Atticus's shoes and he finally stopped because of it, as he wouldn't want his children to go through the same.
Who is Mr. Dolphus Raymond?
A man who drinks out of a sack; likes "colored folks" and feels they are better than whites; has a black wife and "mixed" children
How does Jem define mixed children?
"...half white, half colored" and that "...they're real sad" since "they don't belong anywhere"
Where did Jem and Scout sit at the courthouse and why?
They sat on the balcony, which was the segregated section of the courthouse, because there weren't any seats downstairs
Scout describes him: "a sleepy old shark, his pilot fish writing rapidly below in front of him": "amiable, white-haired, slightly ruddy-faced"; he seemed to take his job casually
Who was the first person called to the witness stand?
Mr. Heck Tate
The sheriff that says what kind of injuries he saw that Mayella had
Atticus spends a great deal of time discussing Mayella Ewell's injuries. What specific points is he trying to reveal to the jury?
Her injury was on the right side of her face
The Ewells are "poor white trash." Explain this term according to what you know about the way they live and the kind of people they have appeared to be up to this point.
They do not take care of themselves and rely on committing felonies and crimes in order to be able to eat
Describe Mr. Ewell and how he acts on the witness stand.
Not classy and immoral; he gets in trouble with the Judge and uses language; "white trash"
What point did Atticus raise when he was cross-examining Mr. Ewell?
That Mr. Ewell could have beat up Mayella
Explain what Scout thought was unusual about Mayella's appearance.
She looked very clean
How old is Mayella?
Nineteen and a half
What does Mayella take offense to?
How Atticus is calling her "ma'am"; she thinks he is making fun of her
What does Mayella do at the beginning of her testimony to soften up Judge Taylor?
She sobs saying she didn't want to be treated how Atticus treated her father
Explain Mayella's testimony. What was the side of the story of what took place?
She was on the porch trying to kindle a fire with a chiffarobe and Tom came along, so she asked him to do it for her. Then, she went to grab money to pay for him, but when she came back, he chased after her and took advantage of her. Her father then came and she fainted.
When did the incident of Mayella being beaten occur?
When did the trial take place?
Summer because they got a reprieve
What key points did Atticus try to emphasize or bring out about Mayella?
She hesitated when he asked her if her father has ever beaten her, but she says he has never touched her
What question made Mayella falter in her answer?
If Tom had hit her
What is visually noticeable about Tom when he stands up in the courtroom?
He is crippled, as his left arms is a foot shorter than his right and his left hand is shriveled; he got his hand caught in a cotton gin when he was a boy
What does the Judge do?
He brought a cigar with him, began eating it, and spit it out.
What point did Atticus try to prove about Bob Ewell, while Mayella was on the stand?
He ask to right his name out and he was left-handed and the right side of Mayella's face was beaten, so he could have done it
What bothered Atticus after he finished questioning Mayella?
She was screaming and yelling, yet nobody came to help her.
Who spots Jem, Dill, and Scout in the balcony?
What background information does Atticus point out about Tom when he is first called to the stand? Why?
He got in trouble with the law before getting with another man when the man tried to beat him up; he was showing the jury he has nothing to hide
During Tom's testimony, what does Scout realize about Mayella?
She was terribly lonely; Tom was the only person who treated her with real kindness
Explain Tom's account of what happened that night.
When Tom was going home, he passed the Ewell place, which seemed awfully quiet. Mayella asked him to come in to fix a door, even though nothing seemed wrong with it. After he fixed it, he tried to leave, but Mayella asked him to get something down from the top of a wardrobe. Then, when he stood on a chair to get it, she grabbed his legs from behind; he jumped in fright, knocking the chair over. When he turned around, Mayella hugged and kissed him Mayella kissed him, clarifying that she'd never kissed an adult man before, and that what her father does to her doesn't count. Mr. Ewell saw them together and yelled at Tom. Finally, he ran away as fast as he could.
What did Tom say Mayella said about saving money?
She saved up her nickels for a year to buy all seven of her siblings ice cream
Who speaks out on Tom's behalf and why?
Mr. Link Deas; he says that Tom has worked for him for eight years and never caused any trouble/harm
Explain why you think Tom ran that night.
He knew most white people would assume he was guilty no matter what; he couldn't have pushed Mayella since he knew he would get killed
Explain Dill's reaction at Mr. Gilmer's cross-examination.
He started crying and couldn't stop; he did not like the way Mr. Gilmer was talking to Tom
What is the truth revealed about Dolphus Raymond? Why does he put up this front?
He doesn't actually drink whiskey out of a sack, it's actually Coca-Cola. The reason why he says this is because he has a black wife and children, it gives people an excuse for his bad behavior.
What did Atticus do that was so much out of his character and why does he do this?
He unbuttoned his vest, loosened his tie, and took his coat off; this is the only situation where he is not able to remain calm
Why does Atticus pity Mayella? What does he feel was her only crime?
She was a lonely young woman; Her crime was that she lured a black man into the house to receive her first kiss, breaking a "rigid and time-honored" code and then destroyed the evidence of her offense.
In Atticus's closing argument, what point did Atticus make about the equality of man?
Every race of mankind does things they shouldn't: lie, harm, or hurt. However, it is not something just one race does, so the people of Maycomb shouldn't disrespect blacks.
Why does Atticus agree to let Jem and Scout return to the courtroom?
They already heard the worst, so they might as well hear the verdict that would be heard from the townspeople the next day.
What was Rev. Sykes opinion of the trial and in what way was he being realistic?
Even though Jem was certain Atticus and Tom would win, Reverend Sykes states he has never seen any jury favor a colored man over a white man, and since they have no precedent, it will most likely not occur since the town is racist.
What was the verdict of Tom's trial?
Tom is guilty
What was the opinion of the people in the balcony, how was this exemplified?
They honored with respect and admiration Atticus as they stood up when he was leaving the courtroom
What was Jem's reaction to the outcome of the trial?
He was extremely upset, as he was certain they would win; he started crying
What is Miss Maudie's opinion of Atticus and how is this shown?
No other person would have kept the Jury out for such a long time for a black man's case; he was many supporters, even though the people of Maycomb can't really notice
Why did Judge Taylor pick Atticus to defend Tom? Who was originally supposed to be the defense attorney?
He knew Atticus could make a dent in Maycomb's racist views; Maxwell Green
What does Bob Ewell do to Atticus and why?
He spat on Atticus's face and said he would get him for the rest of his life; Atticus shred his last piece of credibility at that trial
What is Aunt Alex's response when Scout wants to invite Walter over and why?
She says, "We'll see about that," which Scout knew was a threat and not a promise. She then explained that they are not "[their] kind of folks," like "fiddlin'," have a tendency of drinking, and "Finch women aren't interested in them." Aunt Alexandra's last comment is that they are trash.
According to Jem, what are the four (4) types of people?
The ordinary kind (like the Finches), the kind like the Cunninghams, the kind like the Ewells, and the Negroes
According to Scout, what is the world made up of? Explain the difference in why Scout feels differently than Jem on this.
Just one kind of folks: folk, who have to learn because they weren't born learning. She feels that Walter Cunningham is as smart as he can be since he has to be held back to help his father (it's not his fault).
What time of year is it?
When "August was on the bring of September"
What is Jem's new goal? (That deals with Dill)
To teach Dill how to swim, as he thought it was as important as walking.
Give evidence that illustrates how Scout is becoming a young lady.
1. She asked Cal if she needed any help.
2. She was wearing a dress and britches.
3. She interrupts people's conversations with "Excuse me."
Why does Scout feel "more at home" with Atticus and men than with the ladies?
They didn't trap her with innocent questions to make fun of her; they weren't critical of her; ladies lived in faint horror of men; they weren't hypocrites
What news does Atticus return home with? Explain how and why this happened?
Tom Robinson had died; he was shot several times when he tried to climb over the fence during exercise period; when the guards told him to stop, he was shot soon as he went over
"There ain't one thing in this world I can do about folks except laugh, so I'm gonna join the circus and laugh my head off."
It's not necessary to tell all you know. It's not ladylike—in the second place, folks don't like to have somebody around knowin' more than they do. It aggravates 'em. You're not gonna change any of them by talkin' right, they've got to want to learn themselves, and when they don't want to learn there's nothing you can do but keep your mouth shut or talk their language.
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