42 terms

Latin Architecture

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abacus
a plain square slab forming the topmost member of a capital
acanthus
a plant with thick fleshy leaves used as a model for carved ornament on Corinthian capitals
apteral
a classical style building with columns on the end but not on the sides
arcade
a group of arches on columns or pillars which are either free-standing or attached to a wall
architrave
the lowest member of the entablature which as a beam extends from column to column
base
the lowest part of a structure
bay
the unit of space between the supporting columns of a building
bracket
a small projecting member used to support a weight
capital
the topmost feature of a column
cella
the main body of a Greek or Roman temple
colonnade
a row of columns carrying an entablature or arches
column
a circular upright support consisting of a base shaft and capital
composite
a Roman order with a capital combining elements of the Ionic and Corinthian orders
cornice
the topmost section of an entablature
dentils
small square blocks used in Ionic and Corinthian cornices
echinus
the curved moulding supporting the abacus in Doric capitals
engaged column
a column attached to or partly built into a wall or pier
entablature
the upper part of a Greek or Roman order, comprising architrave frieze and cornice
fascia
a flat projecting band
flute
the deep vertical grooving on the shaft of an Ionic or Corinthian column
frieze
the part of the entablature between the architrave and the cornice which is frequently decorated with statues or reliefs
lintel
a structural member placed over an opening and supporting construction above
metope
the space between triglyphs
moulding
a narrow projecting band of stone used on walls or columns
mutule
a projecting flat block above the triglyphs on the underside of a Doric cornice
naos
the principal inner room of a Greek temple containing the statue of the deity
order
a classical column arrangement including the base shaft and capital which support the entablature
pediment
the triangular gabled end of a temple roof above the entablature
peripteral
descriptive of a building surrounded by a single row of columns
pier
a solid masonry support usually fatter and more square than a column
pilaster
an engaged rectangular pillar projecting slightly from the wall
plinth
a flat slap member beneath the base of a column or the projecting base of any building
podium
a continuous low wall which forms a base for the construction above
portico, porch
a structure covered by a roof and supported by columns on at least one side, usually attached to a building as an entrance porch
pronaos
on open vestibule at the front of a temple, enclosed by side walls, with columns in front
shaft
the part of the column between the base and the capital
soffit
the underside of a building part
stylobate
the masonry support on which a colonnade is placed
trabeated
construction employing the post and beam form
triglyphs
vertically grooved blocks separated by metopes which form a distinguishing feature in a doric frieze
tympanum
the triangular surface bounded by the sloping and horizontal cornices of a pediment
volute
the spiral scroll of an ionic or corinthian capital
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